12,589 research outputs found

    CP Violation, an experimental perspective

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    I present a review of current and near-future experimental investigations of CP violation. In this review, I cover limits on particle electric dipole moments (EDMs) and CP violation studies in the K and B systems. The wealth of results from the new B factories provide impressive constraints on the CKM quark mixing matrix elements. Current and future measurements are focusing on processes dominated by loop diagrams, which probe physics at high mass scales in low-energy experiments.Comment: Invited plenary talk, DPF meeting, August 200

    Brief Resume of Seiberg-Witten Theory

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    Talk presented by the second author at the Inaugural Coference of the Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul, June 1996. The purpose of this note is to give a resume of the Seiberg-Witten theory in the simplest possible mathematical terms.Comment: 10 pages, LaTe

    Complex stamp forming of advanced thermoplastic composites

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    The inherent advantages of thermoplastics over the traditional thermoset composite systems are well recognized in the aeronautics community. The main advantages are the much faster processing and the higher toughness. The current advanced thermoplastic material systems provide excellent mechanical performance but their main disadvantage is the difficult processing. Ideally, future aircraft subcomponents with complex shapes can be readily formed on the basis of pre-consolidated tailored laminates based on uni-directional plies. However, to exploit the full potential of thermoplastic composites models are to be developed in order to predict the process feasibility and product performance in an early stage of development. This paper addresses a number of steps to increase the accuracy of stamp forming simulations and highlights promising results for identifying intra-ply shear and tool-ply behavior of thermoplastic composites. A comparison of the forming behavior of a doubly curved reference part with simulations will be presented. The paper concludes with remarks on necessary future researc

    Normal frames for non-Riemannian connections

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    The principal properties of geodesic normal coordinates are the vanishing of the connection components and first derivatives of the metric components at some point. It is well-known that these hold only at points where the connection has vanishing torsion and non-metricity. However, it is shown that normal frames, possessing the essential features of normal coordinates, can still be constructed when the connection is non-Riemannian.Comment: 4 pages, plain TeX. To appear in Class. Quantum Gra

    Scaling tests with dynamical overlap and rooted staggered fermions

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    We present a scaling analysis in the 1-flavor Schwinger model with the full overlap and the rooted staggered determinant. In the latter case the chiral and continuum limit of the scalar condensate do not commute, while for overlap fermions they do. For the topological susceptibility a universal continuum limit is suggested, as is for the partition function and the Leutwyler-Smilga sum rule. In the heavy-quark force no difference is visible even at finite coupling. Finally, a direct comparison between the complete overlap and the rooted staggered determinant yields evidence that their ratio is constant up to O(a2)O(a^2) effects.Comment: 28 pages, 20 figures containg 37 graphs. v2: 6 new references, 2 new footnotes (to match published version

    CP Violation and Arrows of Time Evolution of a Neutral KK or BB Meson from an Incoherent to a Coherent State

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    We study the evolution of a neutral KK meson prepared as an incoherent equal mixture of K0K^0 and K0ˉ\bar{K^0}. Denoting the density matrix by \rho(t) = {1/2} N(t) [\1 + \vec{\zeta}(t) \cdot \vec{\sigma} ] , the norm of the state N(t)N(t) is found to decrease monotonically from one to zero, while the magnitude of the Stokes vector ζ(t)|\vec{\zeta}(t)| increases monotonically from zero to one. This property qualifies these observables as arrows of time. Requiring monotonic behaviour of N(t)N(t) for arbitrary values of γL,γS\gamma_L, \gamma_S and Δm\Delta m yields a bound on the CP-violating overlap δ=KLKS\delta = \braket{K_L}{K_S}, which is similar to, but weaker than, the known unitarity bound. A similar requirement on ζ(t)|\vec{\zeta}(t)| yields a new bound, δ2<1/2(ΔγΔm)sinh(3π4ΔγΔm)\delta^2 < {1/2} (\frac{\Delta \gamma}{\Delta m}) \sinh (\frac{3\pi}{4} \frac{\Delta \gamma}{\Delta m}) which is particularly effective in limiting the CP-violating overlap in the B0B^0-B0ˉ\bar{B^0} system. We obtain the Stokes parameter ζ3(t)\zeta_3(t) which shows how the average strangeness of the beam evolves from zero to δ\delta. The evolution of the Stokes vector from ζ=0|\vec{\zeta}| = 0 to ζ=1|\vec{\zeta}| = 1 has a resemblance to an order parameter of a system undergoing spontaneous symmetry breaking.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figures. Inserted conon "." in title; minor change in text. To appear in Physical review

    Complete null data for a black hole collision

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    We present an algorithm for calculating the complete data on an event horizon which constitute the necessary input for characteristic evolution of the exterior spacetime. We apply this algorithm to study the intrinsic and extrinsic geometry of a binary black hole event horizon, constructing a sequence of binary black hole event horizons which approaches a single Schwarzschild black hole horizon as a limiting case. The linear perturbation of the Schwarzschild horizon provides global insight into the close limit for binary black holes, in which the individual holes have joined in the infinite past. In general there is a division of the horizon into interior and exterior regions, analogous to the division of the Schwarzschild horizon by the r=2M bifurcation sphere. In passing from the perturbative to the strongly nonlinear regime there is a transition in which the individual black holes persist in the exterior portion of the horizon. The algorithm is intended to provide the data sets for production of a catalog of nonlinear post-merger wave forms using the PITT null code.Comment: Revised version, to appear in Phys. Rev. D. July 15 (2001), 41 pages, 11 figures, RevTeX/epsf/psfi

    Finding Principal Null Direction for Numerical Relativists

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    We present a new method for finding principal null directions (PNDs). Because our method assumes as input the intrinsic metric and extrinsic curvature of a spacelike hypersurface, it should be particularly useful to numerical relativists. We illustrate our method by finding the PNDs of the Kastor-Traschen spacetimes, which contain arbitrarily many Q=MQ=M black holes in a de Sitter back-ground.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX style, WU-AP/38/93. Figures are available (hard copies) upon requests [[email protected] (H.Shinkai)
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