5,823 research outputs found

### Characterization of low-energy magnetic excitations in chromium

The low-energy excitations of Cr, i.e. the Fincher-Burke (FB) modes, have
been investigated in the transversely polarized spin-density-wave phase by
inelastic neutron scattering using a single-(Q+-) crystal with a propagation
vector (Q+-) parallel to [0,0,1]. The constant-momentum-transfer scans show
that the energy spectra consist of two components, namely dispersive FB modes
and an almost energy-independent cross section. Most remarkably, we find that
the spectrum of the FB modes exhibits one peak at 140 K near Q = (0,0,0.98) and
two peaks near Q = (0,0,1.02), respectively. This is surprising because Cr
crystallizes in a centro-symmetric bcc structure. The asymmetry of those energy
spectra decreases with increasing temperature. In addition, the observed
magnetic peak intensity is independent of Q suggesting a transfer of
spectral-weight between the upper and lower FB modes. The energy-independent
cross section is localized only between the incommensurate peaks and develops
rapidly with increasing temperature.Comment: 6 pages, 8 figure

### Double Exchange in a Magnetically Frustrated System

This work examines the magnetic order and spin dynamics of a double-exchange
model with competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic Heisenberg
interactions between the local moments. The Heisenberg interactions are
periodically arranged in a Villain configuration in two dimensions with
nearest-neighbor, ferromagnetic coupling $J$ and antiferromagnetic coupling
$-\eta J$. This model is solved at zero temperature by performing a
$1/\sqrt{S}$ expansion in the rotated reference frame of each local moment.
When $\eta$ exceeds a critical value, the ground state is a magnetically
frustrated, canted antiferromagnet. With increasing hopping energy $t$ or
magnetic field $B$, the local moments become aligned and the ferromagnetic
phase is stabilized above critical values of $t$ or $B$. In the canted phase, a
charge-density wave forms because the electrons prefer to sit on lines of sites
that are coupled ferromagnetically. Due to a change in the topology of the
Fermi surface from closed to open, phase separation occurs in a narrow range of
parameters in the canted phase. In zero field, the long-wavelength spin waves
are isotropic in the region of phase separation. Whereas the average spin-wave
stiffness in the canted phase increases with $t$ or $\eta$, it exhibits a more
complicated dependence on field. This work strongly suggests that the jump in
the spin-wave stiffness observed in Pr$_{1-x}$Ca$_x$MnO$_3$ with $0.3 \le x \le
0.4$ at a field of 3 T is caused by the delocalization of the electrons rather
than by the alignment of the antiferromagnetic regions.Comment: 28 pages, 12 figure

### Spin Dynamics of Double-Exchange Manganites with Magnetic Frustration

This work examines the effects of magnetic frustration due to competing
ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interactions on the spin
dynamics of the double-exchange model. When the local moments are non-colinear,
a charge-density wave forms because the electrons prefer to sit on lines of
sites that are coupled ferromagnetically. With increasing hopping energy, the
local spins become aligned and the average spin-wave stiffness increases. Phase
separation is found only within a narrow range of hopping energies. Results of
this work are applied to the field-induced jump in the spin-wave stiffness
observed in the manganite Pr$_{1-x}$Ca$_x$MnO$_3$ with $0.3 \le x \le 0.4$.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

### Spin Dynamics of a Canted Antiferromagnet in a Magnetic Field

The spin dynamics of a canted antiferromagnet with a quadratic spin-wave
dispersion near \vq =0 is shown to possess a unique signature. When the
anisotropy gap is negligible, the spin-wave stiffness \dsw (\vq, B) =
(\omega_{\vq}-B)/q^2 depends on whether the limit of zero field or zero
wavevector is taken first. Consequently, \dsw is a strong function of
magnetic field at a fixed wavevector. Even in the presence of a sizeable
anisotropy gap, the field dependence of both \dsw and the gap energy
distinguishes a canted antiferromagnet from a phase-separated mixture
containing both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic regions.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

### Spin Diffusion in Double-Exchange Manganites

The theoretical study of spin diffusion in double-exchange magnets by means
of dynamical mean-field theory is presented. We demonstrate that the
spin-diffusion coefficient becomes independent of the Hund's coupling JH in the
range of parameters JH*S >> W >> T, W being the bandwidth, relevant to colossal
magnetoresistive manganites in the metallic part of their phase diagram. Our
study reveals a close correspondence as well as some counterintuitive
differences between the results on Bethe and hypercubic lattices. Our results
are in accord with neutron scattering data and with previous theoretical work
for high temperatures.Comment: 4.0 pages, 3 figures, RevTeX 4, replaced with the published versio

### Dynamical Mean-Field Study of the Ferromagnetic Transition Temperature of a Two-Band Model for Colossal Magnetoresistance Materials

The ferromagnetic (FM) transition temperature (Tc) of a two-band
Double-Exchange (DE) model for colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) materials is
studied using dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT), in wide ranges of coupling
constants, hopping parameters, and carrier densities. The results are shown to
be in excellent agreement with Monte Carlo simulations. When the bands overlap,
the value of Tc is found to be much larger than in the one-band case, for all
values of the chemical potential within the energy overlap interval. A nonzero
interband hopping produces an additional substantial increase of Tc, showing
the importance of these nondiagonal terms, and the concomitant use of multiband
models, to boost up the critical temperatures in DE-based theories.Comment: 4 pages, 4 eps figure

### Short-Range Ordered Phase of the Double-Exchange Model in Infinite Dimensions

Using dynamical mean-field theory, we have evaluated the magnetic
instabilities and T=0 phase diagram of the double-exchange model on a Bethe
lattice in infinite dimensions. In addition to ferromagnetic (FM) and
antiferromagnetic (AF) phases, we also study a class of disordered phases with
magnetic short-range order (SRO). In the weak-coupling limit, a SRO phase has a
higher transition temperature than the AF phase for all fillings p below 1 and
can even have a higher transition temperature than the FM phase. At T=0 and for
small Hund's coupling J_H, a SRO state has lower energy than either the FM or
AF phases for 0.26\le p 0 limit
but appears for any non-zero value of J_H.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures, published versio

### Fractional $\hbar$-scaling for quantum kicked rotors without cantori

Previous studies of quantum delta-kicked rotors have found momentum
probability distributions with a typical width (localization length $L$)
characterized by fractional $\hbar$-scaling, ie $L \sim \hbar^{2/3}$ in regimes
and phase-space regions close to `golden-ratio' cantori. In contrast, in
typical chaotic regimes, the scaling is integer, $L \sim \hbar^{-1}$. Here we
consider a generic variant of the kicked rotor, the random-pair-kicked particle
(RP-KP), obtained by randomizing the phases every second kick; it has no KAM
mixed phase-space structures, like golden-ratio cantori, at all. Our unexpected
finding is that, over comparable phase-space regions, it also has fractional
scaling, but $L \sim \hbar^{-2/3}$. A semiclassical analysis indicates that the
$\hbar^{2/3}$ scaling here is of quantum origin and is not a signature of
classical cantori.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, Revtex, typos removed, further analysis added,
authors adjuste

### Polymers for spacecraft hardware materials specifications and engineering information Monthly technical progress report no. 18, Nov. 10 - Dec. 9, 1965

Chemical test procedures for analyzing potting compound bases for spacecraft construction material

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