603 research outputs found

    Electroweak Limits on Non-Universal Z' Bosons

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    Many types of physics beyond the standard model include an extended electroweak gauge group. If these extensions are associated with flavor symmetry breaking, the gauge interactions will not be flavor-universal. In this note we update the bounds placed by electroweak data on the existence of flavor non-universal extensions to the standard model in the context of topcolor assisted technicolor (TC2), noncommuting extended technicolor (NCETC), and the ununified standard model (UUM). In the first two cases the extended gauge interactions couple to the third generation fermions differently than to the light fermions, while in the ununified standard model the gauge interactions couple differently to quarks and leptons. The extra SU(2) triplet of gauge bosons in NCETC and UUM models must be heavier than about 3 TeV, while the extra Z boson in TC2 models must be heavier than about 1 TeV.Comment: 17 pages, 5 figures; added references; updated figure

    Testing Extended Technicolor With RbR_b

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    We review the connection between mtm_t and the ZbbˉZb\bar b vertex in ETC models and demonstrate the power of the resulting experimental constraint on models with weak-singlet ETC bosons. Some efforts to bring ETC models into agreement with experimental data on the ZbbˉZb\bar b vertex are mentioned, and the most promising one (non-commuting ETC) is discussed in detail.Comment: Talk given by E.H. Simmons at the Yukawa International Seminar `95 in Kyoto, 21-26 August, 1995 and at the International Symposium on Heavy Flavor and Electroweak Theory in Beijing, 17-19 August, 1995. Latex (uses PTPTeX.sty and epsf). 9 pages. 1 figure. Full postscript version available at http://smyrd.bu.edu/ . (minor typos corrected

    Theory of a Strongly Interacting Electroweak Symmetry-Breaking Sector

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    Condensate Enhancement and D-Meson Mixing in Technicolor Theories

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    Since the pioneering work of Eichten and Lane it has been known that the scale of the interactions responsible for the generation of the strange-quark mass in extended technicolor theories must, absent any "GIM-like" mechanism for suppressing flavor-changing neutral currents, be greater than of order 1000 TeV. In this note we point out that the constraint from the neutral D-meson system is now equally strong, implying that the charm quark mass must also arise from flavor dynamics at a scale this high. We then quantify the degree to which the technicolor condensate must be enhanced in order to yield the observed quark masses, if the extended technicolor scale is of order 1000 TeV. Our results are intended to provide a framework in which to interpret and apply the results of lattice studies of conformal strongly interacting gauge theories, and the corresponding numerical measurements of the anomalous dimension of the mass operator in candidate theories of "walking" technicolor.Comment: 6 pages, references added and re-ordere

    Custodial Symmetry, Flavor Physics, and the Triviality Bound on the Higgs Mass

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    The triviality of the scalar sector of the standard one-doublet Higgs model implies that this model is only an effective low-energy theory valid below some cut-off scale Lambda. We show that the experimental constraint on the amount of custodial symmetry violation implies that the scale Lambda must be greater than of order 7.5 TeV. The underlying high-energy theory must also include flavor dynamics at a scale of order Lambda or greater in order to give rise to the different Yukawa couplings of the Higgs to ordinary fermions. This flavor dynamics will generically produce flavor-changing neutral currents. We show that the experimental constraints on the neutral D-meson mass difference imply that Lambda must be greater than of order 21 TeV. For theories defined about the infrared-stable Gaussian fixed-point, we estimate that this lower bound on Lambda yields an upper bound of approximately 460 GeV on the Higgs boson's mass, independent of the regulator chosen to define the theory. We also show that some regulator schemes, such as higher-derivative regulators, used to define the theory about a different fixed-point are particularly dangerous because an infinite number of custodial-isospin-violating operators become relevant.Comment: 15 pages, 7 ps/eps embedded figures, talk presented at the 1996 International Workshop on Perspectives of Strong Coupling Gauge Theories (SCGT 96), Nagoya, Japa

    The structure of electroweak corrections due to extended gauge symmetries

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    This paper studies models with extended electroweak gauge sectors of the form SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1) x [SU(2) or U(1)]. We establish the general behavior of corrections to precision electroweak observables in this class of theories and connect our results to previous work on specific models whose electroweak sectors are special cases of our extended group.Comment: 18 pages, 2 figures; added a referenc

    The Top Triangle Moose

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    We introduce a deconstructed model that incorporates both Higgsless and top-color mechanisms. The model alleviates the typical tension in Higgsless models between obtaining the correct top quark mass and keeping delta-rho small. It does so by singling out the top quark mass generation as arising from a Yukawa coupling to an effective top-Higgs which develops a small vacuum expectation value, while electroweak symmetry breaking results largely from a Higgsless mechanism. As a result, the heavy partners of the SM fermions can be light enough to be seen at the LHC.Comment: To appear in proceedings of SCGT09, Nagoya, Japan. 5 page

    Production of Massive Color-Octet Vector Bosons at Next-to-Leading Order

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    We report the first complete calculation of QCD corrections to the production of a massive color-octet vector boson. Our next-to-leading-order (NLO) calculation includes both virtual corrections as well as corrections arising from the emission of gluons and light quarks, and we demonstrate the reduction in factorization-scale dependence relative to the leading-order approximation used in previous hadron collider studies. We show that the QCD NLO corrections to coloron production are as large as 30%, and that the residual factorization scale-dependence is reduced to of order 2%. We also calculate the K-factor and the p_T spectrum for coloron production, since these are valuable for comparison with experiment. Our results apply directly to the production of the massive color-octet vector bosons in axigluon, topcolor, and coloron models, and approximately to the production of KK gluons in extra-dimensional models or color-octet technivector mesons in technicolor models.Comment: 23 pages, 35 pdf figures included. Added discussion of PT spectrum, tables of values of K-factor, and reference
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