12,617 research outputs found

### General Rotating Charged Kaluza-Klein AdS Black Holes in Higher Dimensions

I construct exact solutions for general nonextremal rotating, charged
Kaluza-Klein black holes with a cosmological constant and with arbitrary
angular momenta in all higher dimensions. I then investigate their
thermodynamics and find their generalizations with the NUT charges. The metrics
are given in both Boyer-Lindquist coordinates and a form very similar to the
famous Kerr-Schild ansatz, which highlights its potential application to
include multiple electric charges into solutions yet to be found in gauged
supergravity. It is also observed that the metric ansatz in $D = 4$ dimensions
is similar to those previously suggested by Yilmaz and later by Bekenstein.Comment: 5 pages, revtex4.cl

### Rational-spline approximation with automatic tension adjustment

An algorithm for weighted least-squares approximation with rational splines is presented. A rational spline is a cubic function containing a distinct tension parameter for each interval defined by two consecutive knots. For zero tension, the rational spline is identical to a cubic spline; for very large tension, the rational spline is a linear function. The approximation algorithm incorporates an algorithm which automatically adjusts the tension on each interval to fulfill a user-specified criterion. Finally, an example is presented comparing results of the rational spline with those of the cubic spline

### A user oriented computer program for the analysis of microwave mixers, and a study of the effects of the series inductance and diode capacitance on the performance of some simple mixers

A user oriented computer program for analyzing microwave and millimeter wave mixers with a single Schottky barrier diode of known I-V and C-V characteristics is described. The program first performs a nonlinear analysis to determine the diode conductance and capacitance waveforms produced by the local oscillator. A small signal linear analysis is then used to find the conversion loss, port impedances, and input noise temperature of the mixer. Thermal noise from the series resistance of the diode and shot noise from the periodically pumped current in the diode conductance are considered. The effects of the series inductance and diode capacitance on the performance of some simple mixer circuits using a conventional Schottky diode, a Schottky diode in which there is no capacitance variation, and a Mott diode are studied. It is shown that the parametric effects of the voltage dependent capacitance of a conventional Schottky diode may be either detrimental or beneficial depending on the diode and circuit parameters

### No news for Kerr-Schild fields

Algebraically special fields with no gravitational radiation are described.
Kerr-Schild fields, which include as a concrete case the Kinnersley photon
rocket, form an important subclass of them.Comment: 4 pages, Revtex

### Passive and active seismic isolation for gravitational radiation detectors and other instruments

Some new passive and active methods for reducing the effects of seismic disturbances on suspended masses are described, with special reference to gravitational radiation detectors in which differential horizontal motions of two or more suspended test masses are monitored. In these methods it is important to be able to determine horizontal seismic accelerations independent of tilts of the ground. Measurement of changes in inclination of the suspension wire of a test mass, relative to a direction defined by a reference arm of long period of oscillation, makes it possible to carry this out over the frequency range of interest for earth-based gravitational radiation detectors. The signal obtained can then be used to compensate for the effects of seismic disturbances on the test mass if necessary. Alternatively the signal corresponding to horizontal acceleration can be used to move the point from which the test mass is suspended in such a way as to reduce the effect of the seismic disturbance and also damp pendulum motions of the suspended test mass. Experimental work with an active anti-seismic system of this type is described

### Experimental aerodynamic heating to simulated shuttle tiles

The heat transfer to simulated shuttle thermal protection system tiles was investigated experimentally using a highly instrumented metallic thin wall tile arranged with other metal tiles in a staggered tile array. Cold-wall heating rate data for laminar and turbulent flow were obtained in the Langley 8-foot high temperature tunnel at a nominal Mach number of 7, a nominal total temperature of 3300 R, free-stream unit Reynolds number from 3.4 x 10 to the 5th power to 2.2 x 10 to the 6th power per foot, and free-stream dynamic pressure of 1.8 psia to 9.1 psia. Experimental data are presented to illustrate the effects of flow angularity and gap width on both local peak heating and overall heating loads

### Prospects for India's cereal supply and demand to 2020:

The possibility of an emerging cereal gap of serious proportions by the year 2020, is a useful illustration of the kind of constructive dialogue IFPRI hopes to encourage. It responds to several quite recent developments, notably the rapid expansion of India's industrial and service sectors since the 1991 structural reforms, the improved prospects for continued growth over the next few decades, and the likelihood of rising per capita incomes that could generate substantially increased demand for livestock products. As demand for livestock products grows, livestock production could increasingly depend on cereals for feed â€” perhaps as much as 50 million tons by 2020, according to G.S. Bhalla, Peter Hazell, and John Kerr, authors of this 2020 discussion paper on Prospects for Balancing Cereal Needs in India to 2020. These conclusions differ somewhat from other IFPRI studies, which have generally found that growth in demand for livestock products will be lower than the current study. This divergence of views is a useful signal to policymakers to pay careful attention to trends in demand for livestock products in India in the coming years. This study and the rest of IFPRI's 2020 research have consistently pointed to the vital link between agricultural policies and prospects for production growth in the next two decades. (from Forward by Per Pinstrup-Andersen)South Asia, South Asia and Central Asia, Grain Yields India., Food supply India Forecasting., Grain as feed India Forecasting., Consumption (Economics) India., Livestock India.,

### Prospects for India's cereal supply and demand to 2020:

The possibility of an emerging cereal gap of serious proportions by the year 2020, is a useful illustration of the kind of constructive dialogue IFPRI hopes to encourage. It responds to several quite recent developments, notably the rapid expansion of India's industrial and service sectors since the 1991 structural reforms, the improved prospects for continued growth over the next few decades, and the likelihood of rising per capita incomes that could generate substantially increased demand for livestock products. As demand for livestock products grows, livestock production could increasingly depend on cereals for feed â€” perhaps as much as 50 million tons by 2020, according to G.S. Bhalla, Peter Hazell, and John Kerr, authors of this 2020 discussion paper on Prospects for Balancing Cereal Needs in India to 2020. These conclusions differ somewhat from other IFPRI studies, which have generally found that growth in demand for livestock products will be lower than the current study. This divergence of views is a useful signal to policymakers to pay careful attention to trends in demand for livestock products in India in the coming years. This study and the rest of IFPRI's 2020 research have consistently pointed to the vital link between agricultural policies and prospects for production growth in the next two decades. (from Forward by Per Pinstrup-Andersen)Grain Yields India., Food supply India Forecasting., Grain as feed India Forecasting., Consumption (Economics) India., Livestock India.,

### A Dynamical Systems Approach to Schwarzschild Null Geodesics

The null geodesics of a Schwarzschild black hole are studied from a dynamical
systems perspective. Written in terms of Kerr-Schild coordinates, the null
geodesic equation takes on the simple form of a particle moving under the
influence of a Newtonian central force with an inverse-cubic potential. We
apply a McGehee transformation to these equations, which clearly elucidates the
full phase space of solutions. All the null geodesics belong to one of four
families of invariant manifolds and their limiting cases, further characterized
by the angular momentum L of the orbit: for |L|>|L_c|, (1) the set that flow
outward from the white hole, turn around, then fall into the black hole, (2)
the set that fall inward from past null infinity, turn around outside the black
hole to continue to future null infinity, and for |L|<|L_c|, (3) the set that
flow outward from the white hole and continue to future null infinity, (4) the
set that flow inward from past null infinity and into the black hole. The
critical angular momentum Lc corresponds to the unstable circular orbit at
r=3M, and the homoclinic orbits associated with it. There are two additional
critical points of the flow at the singularity at r=0. Though the solutions of
geodesic motion and Hamiltonian flow we describe here are well known, what we
believe is a novel aspect of this work is the mapping between the two
equivalent descriptions, and the different insights each approach can give to
the problem. For example, the McGehee picture points to a particularly
interesting limiting case of the class (1) that move from the white to black
hole: in the limit as L goes to infinity, as described in Schwarzschild
coordinates, these geodesics begin at r=0, flow along t=constant lines, turn
around at r=2M, then continue to r=0. During this motion they circle in azimuth
exactly once, and complete the journey in zero affine time.Comment: 14 pages, 3 Figure

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