68 research outputs found

    Multifragmentation - what the data tell us about the different models

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    We discuss what the presently collected data tell us about the mechanism of multifragmentation by comparing the results of two different models, which assume or show an opposite reaction scenario, with the recent high statistics 4π4\pi experiments performed by the INDRA collaboration. We find that the statistical multifragmentation model and the dynamical Quantum Molecular Dynamics approach produce almost the same results and agree both quite well with experiment. We discuss which observables may serve to overcome this deadlock on the quest for the reaction mechanism. Finally we proof that even if the system is in equilibrium, the fluctuation of the temperature due to the smallness of the system renders the caloric curve useless for the proof of a first order phase transition.Comment: Proceedings CRIS 200

    Microscopic approach to the spectator matter fragmentation from 400 to 1000 AMeV

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    A study of multifragmentation of gold nuclei is reported at incident energies of 400, 600 and 1000 MeV/nucleon using microscopic theory. The present calculations are done within the framework of quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) model. The clusterization is performed with advanced sophisticated algorithm namely \emph{simulated annealing clusterization algorithm} (SACA) along with conventional spatial correlation method. A quantitative comparison of mean multiplicity of intermediate mass fragments with experimental findings of ALADiN group gives excellent agreement showing the ability of SACA method to reproduce the fragment yields. It also emphasizes the importance of clustering criterion in describing the fragmentation process within semi-classical model

    Virial corrections to simulations of heavy ion reactions

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    Within QMD simulations we demonstrate the effect of virial corrections on heavy ion reactions. Unlike in standard codes, the binary collisions are treated as non-local so that the contribution of the collision flux to the reaction dynamics is covered. A comparison with standard QMD simulations shows that the virial corrections lead to a broader proton distribution bringing theoretical spectra closer towards experimental values. Complementary BUU simulations reveal that the non-locality enhances the collision rate in the early stage of the reaction. It suggests that the broader distribution appears due to an enhanced pre-equilibrium emission of particles

    Kaon production at subthreshold and threshold energies

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    We summarize what we have learnt about the kaon production in nucleus-nucleus collisions in the last decade. We will address three questions: a) Is the K+K^+ production sensitive to the nuclear equation of state? b) How can it happen that at the same excess energy the same number of K+K^+ and K−K^- are produced in heavy ion collisions although the elementary cross section in pp collisions differs by orders of magnitudes? and c) Why kaons don't flow?Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, contribution to Strange Quark Matter 200

    Thermodynamics of the 3-flavor NJL model : chiral symmetry breaking and color superconductivity

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    Employing an extended three flavor version of the NJL model we discuss in detail the phase diagram of quark matter. The presence of quark as well as of diquark condensates gives raise to a rich structure of the phase diagram. We study in detail the chiral phase transition and the color superconductivity as well as color flavor locking as a function of the temperature and chemical potentials of the system.Comment: 27 pages, 7 figure

    A Quasi-Classical Model of Intermediate Velocity Particle Production in Asymmetric Heavy Ion Reactions

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    The particle emission at intermediate velocities in mass asymmetric reactions is studied within the framework of classical molecular dynamics. Two reactions in the Fermi energy domain were modelized, 58^{58}Ni+C and 58^{58}Ni+Au at 34.5 MeV/nucleon. The availability of microscopic correlations at all times allowed a detailed study of the fragment formation process. Special attention was paid to the physical origin of fragments and emission timescales, which allowed us to disentangle the different processes involved in the mid-rapidity particle production. Consequently, a clear distinction between a prompt pre- equilibrium emission and a delayed aligned asymmetric breakup of the heavier partner of the reaction was achieved.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures. Final version: figures were redesigned, and a new section discussing the role of Coulomb in IMF production was include

    The Origins of Phase Transitions in Small Systems

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    The identification and classification of phases in small systems, e.g. nuclei, social and financial networks, clusters, and biological systems, where the traditional definitions of phase transitions are not applicable, is important to obtain a deeper understanding of the phenomena observed in such systems. Within a simple statistical model we investigate the validity and applicability of different classification schemes for phase transtions in small systems. We show that the whole complex temperature plane contains necessary information in order to give a distinct classification.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures, revtex 4 beta 5, for further information see http://www.smallsystems.d

    Limitation of energy deposition in classical N body dynamics

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    Energy transfers in collisions between classical clusters are studied with Classical N Body Dynamics calculations for different entrance channels. It is shown that the energy per particle transferred to thermalised classical clusters does not exceed the energy of the least bound particle in the cluster in its ``ground state''. This limitation is observed during the whole time of the collision, except for the heaviest system.Comment: 13 pages, 15 figures, 1 tabl
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