1,585 research outputs found

    Speech Communication

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    Contains reports on two research projects.National Science Foundation (Grant GK-31353)National Institutes of Health (Grant 5 RO1 NS04332-10)U. S. Navy - Office of Naval Research (Contract N00014-67-A-0204-0069

    Superconducting Superstructure for the TESLA Collider

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    We discuss the new layout of a cavity chain (superstructure) allowing, we hope, significant cost reduction of the RF system of both linacs of the TESLA linear collider. The proposed scheme increases the fill factor and thus makes an effective gradient of an accelerator higher. We present mainly computations we have performed up to now and which encouraged us to order the copper model of the scheme, still keeping in mind that experiments with a beam will be necessary to prove if the proposed solution can be used for the acceleration.Comment: 11 page

    Gamma heavy chain disease in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis – a laboratory evaluation

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    Introduction: Heavy chain diseases (HCD) are neoplastic proliferations of B cells which secrete truncated immunoglobulin heavy chains without associated light chains. Being rare and probably underdiagnosed diseases the aim of this report is to show an additional case of gamma heavy chain disease in a 48 year old female patient with rheumatoid arthritis focusing on the laboratory presentation. Materials and methods: Laboratory work-up included agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE), capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE), immunofixation and nephelometrically determined immunoglobulin and immunoglobulin subclasses of the patient’s serum. Urine samples were also subjected to immunofixation and to a SDS-PAGE with consecutive immunoblot. Results: Nephelometrically measured elevated IgG concentrations were noted in combination with a decreased gamma globulin region and an increased beta globulin region on AGE. A definite monoclonal spike was not identified on AGE but at least suspected on CZE; finally serum and urine immunofixation demonstrated a monoclonal gamma heavy chain devoid of any corresponding light chains confirming the diagnosis of HCD. Analysis of the gamma heavy chain (HC) with means of SDS-PAGE revealed proteins of 40 kD and 80 kD most likely presenting a truncated HC in its monomeric and dimeric form and possibly leading to the failure of IgG-subclass typing with the applied IgG subclass antisera. Conclusion: This case report illustrates a new case of gamma HCD demonstrating variable laboratory manifestations and therefore the need for heightened awareness concerning this disease when confronted with abnormal and discrepant protein profiles in routinely applied laboratory tests

    Speech Communication

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    Contains reports on three research projects.U. S. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Office of Aerospace Research under Contract F19628-69-C-0044National Institutes of Health (Grant 2 ROl NB-04332-06

    Detection of annexin A8 antibodies in serum of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome

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    Introduction: Antibodies specific for annexin A8 (AnxA8) have not been investigated in patients suffering from antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) yet. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of AnxA8 antibodies in serum of APS patients with that of age-matched healthy controls and to investigate whether AnxA8 antibodies are potential biomarkers for APS. Materials and methods: We enrolled 22 APS patients and 22 healthy controls in this case-control study. We used sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblot to investigate the presence of AnxA8 antibodies, and we applied enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to investigate the presence of cardiolipin (CL) and beta-2-glycoprotein I (ß2GPI) antibodies. Results: The serum of 9/22 APS patients showed AnxA8 IgG isotype antibody reactivity compared to serum of 2/22 healthy controls (P = 0.034). When we also included weak immunoblot signals, 12/22 APS patients exhibited AnxA8 IgG isotype antibody reactivity compared to 3/22 healthy controls (P = 0.005). We also investigated the presence of AnxA8 IgM isotype antibodies in the serum of APS patients but found no statistically significant difference between the APS patient group and healthy control group (P = 0.500). We further investigated the presence of ß2GPI and CL IgG and IgM isotype antibodies. AnxA8 IgG isotype antibodies were present in APS patients in a similar frequency as the APS “criteria” antibody against CL (P = 0.764). Conclusion: We demonstrated that AnxA8 IgG isotype antibodies are potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of APS

    Theoretical Prediction of Head Tail Tune Shift in PETRA

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    Speech Communication

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    Contains research objectives, summary of research and reports on three research projects.U. S. Navy - Office of Naval Research (Contract N00014-67-A-0204-0064)U. S. Navy - Office of Naval Research (Contract N00014-67-A-0204-0069)National Science Foundation (Grant GK-31353)National Institutes of Health (Grant 5 RO1 NS04332-10)Joint Services Electronics Programs (U. S. Army, U. S. Navy, and U. S. Air Force) under Contract DAAB07-71-C-0300Bell Telephone Laboratories Fellowshi
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