1,352 research outputs found

    Relating prepotentials and quantum vacua of N=1 gauge theories with different tree-level superpotentials

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    We consider N=1 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories with Z_k symmetric tree-level superpotentials W for an adjoint chiral multiplet. We show that (for integer 2N/k) this Z_k symmetry survives in the quantum effective theory as a corresponding symmetry of the effective superpotential W_eff(S_i) under permutations of the S_i. For W(x)=^W(h(x)) with h(x)=x^k, this allows us to express the prepotential F_0 and effective superpotential W_eff on certain submanifolds of the moduli space in terms of an ^F_0 and ^W_eff of a different theory with tree-level superpotential ^W. In particular, if the Z_k symmetric polynomial W(x) is of degree 2k, then ^W is gaussian and we obtain very explicit formulae for F_0 and W_eff. Moreover, in this case, every vacuum of the effective Veneziano-Yankielowicz superpotential ^W_eff is shown to give rise to a vacuum of W_eff. Somewhat surprisingly, at the level of the prepotential F_0(S_i) the permutation symmetry only holds for k=2, while it is anomalous for k>2 due to subtleties related to the non-compact period integrals. Some of these results are also extended to general polynomial relations h(x) between the tree-level superpotentials.Comment: 27 pages, 10 figures, modified version to appear in JHEP, discussion of the physical meaning of the Z_k symmetry adde

    Higher Spins & Strings

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    It is natural to believe that the free symmetric product orbifold CFT is dual to the tensionless limit of string theory on AdS3 x S3 x T4. At this point in moduli space, string theory is expected to contain a Vasiliev higher spin theory as a subsector. We confirm this picture explicitly by showing that the large level limit of the N=4 cosets of arXiv:1305.4181, that are dual to a higher spin theory on AdS3, indeed describe a closed subsector of the symmetric product orbifold. Furthermore, we reorganise the full partition function of the symmetric product orbifold in terms of representations of the higher spin algebra (or rather its WW_{\infty} extension). In particular, the unbroken stringy symmetries of the tensionless limit are captured by a large chiral algebra which we can describe explicitly in terms of an infinite sum of WW_{\infty} representations, thereby exhibiting a vast extension of the conventional higher spin symmetry.Comment: 47 pages; ancillary file included; v2. typos corrected, minor changes in Sec.

    Tensionless String Spectra on AdS3{\rm AdS}_3

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    The spectrum of superstrings on AdS3×S3×M4{\rm AdS}_3 \times {\rm S}^3 \times \mathbb{M}_4 with pure NS-NS flux is analysed for the background where the radius of the AdS space takes the minimal value (k=1)(k=1). Both for M4=S3×S1\mathbb{M}_4={\rm S}^3 \times {\rm S}^1 and M4=T4\mathbb{M}_4 = \mathbb{T}^4 we show that there is a special set of physical states, coming from the bottom of the spectrally flowed continuous representations, which agree in precise detail with the single particle spectrum of a free symmetric product orbifold. For the case of AdS3×S3×T4{\rm AdS}_3 \times {\rm S}^3 \times \mathbb{T}^4 this relies on making sense of the world-sheet theory at k=1k=1, for which we make a concrete proposal. We also comment on the implications of this striking result.Comment: 20 pages, LaTe

    Worldsheet Properties of Extremal Correlators in AdS/CFT

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    We continue to investigate planar four point worldsheet correlators of string theories which are conjectured to be duals of free gauge theories. We focus on the extremal correlators <Tr(Z^{J_1}(x)) Tr(Z^{J_2}(y)) Tr(Z^{J_3}(z)) Tr(\bar{Z}^{J}(0))> of N=4N = 4 SYM theory, and construct the corresponding worldsheet correlators in the limit when the Ji>>1J_i >> 1. The worldsheet correlator gets contributions, in this limit, from a whole family of Feynman graphs. We find that it is supported on a {\it curve} in the moduli space parametrised by the worldsheet crossratio. In a further limit of the spacetime correlators we find this curve to be the unit circle. In this case, we also check that the entire worldsheet correlator displays the appropriate crossing symmetry. The non-renormalization of the extremal correlators in the 't Hooft coupling offers a potential window for a comparison of these results with those from strong coupling.Comment: 27 pages, 5 figure

    Stringy AdS3 from the Worldsheet

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    We investigate the behaviour of the bosonic string on AdS3 with H-flux at stringy scales, looking in particular for a `tensionless' limit in which there are massless higher spin gauge fields. We do this by revisiting the physical spectrum of the sl(2,R)k_k WZW model and considering the limit in which k becomes small. At k=3 we find that there is an infinite stringy tower of massless higher spin fields which are part of a continuum of light states. This can be viewed as a novel tensionless limit, which appears to be distinct from that inferred from the symmetric orbifold description of superstring AdS3 vacua.Comment: 13 page

    The Worldsheet Dual of the Symmetric Product CFT

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    Superstring theory on AdS3×S3×T4{\rm AdS}_3\times {\rm S}^3\times \mathbb{T}^4 with the smallest amount of NS-NS flux (`k=1k=1') is shown to be dual to the spacetime CFT given by the large NN limit of the free symmetric product orbifold SymN(T4)\mathrm{Sym}^N(\mathbb{T}^4). To define the worldsheet theory at k=1k=1, we employ the hybrid formalism in which the AdS3×S3{\rm AdS}_3\times {\rm S}^3 part is described by the psu(1,12)1\mathfrak{psu}(1,1|2)_1 WZW model (which is well defined). Unlike the case for k2k\geq2, it turns out that the string spectrum at k=1k=1 does {\it not} exhibit the long string continuum, and perfectly matches with the large NN limit of the symmetric product. We also demonstrate that the fusion rules of the symmetric orbifold are reproduced from the worldsheet perspective. Our proposal therefore affords a tractable worldsheet description of a tensionless limit in string theory, for which the dual CFT is also explicitly known.Comment: 29+24 page

    Bubbling Supertubes and Foaming Black Holes

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    We construct smooth BPS three-charge geometries that resolve the zero-entropy singularity of the U(1) x U(1) invariant black ring. This singularity is resolved by a geometric transition that results in geometries without any branes sources or singularities but with non-trivial topology. These geometries are both ground states of the black ring, and non-trivial microstates of the D1-D5-P system. We also find the form of the geometries that result from the geometric transition of N zero-entropy black rings, and argue that, in general, such geometries give a very large number of smooth bound-state three-charge solutions, parameterized by 6N functions. The generic microstate solution is specified by a four-dimensional hyper-Kahler geometry of a certain signature, and contains a ``foam'' of non-trivial two-spheres. We conjecture that these geometries will account for a significant part of the entropy of the D1-D5-P black hole, and that Mathur's conjecture might reduce to counting certain hyper-Kahler manifolds.Comment: 40 pages, harvmac. v2 references added, typo correcte
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