2,531 research outputs found

    Effects of the oceans on polar motion: Extended investigations

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    A method was found for expressing the tide current velocities in terms of the tide height (with all variables expanded in spherical harmonics). All time equations were then combined into a single, nondifferential matrix equation involving only the unknown tide height. The pole tide was constrained so that no tidewater flows across continental boundaries. The constraint was derived for the case of turbulent oceans; with the tide velocities expressed in terms of the tide height. The two matrix equations were combined. Simple matrix inversion then yielded the constrained solution. Programs to construct and invert the matrix equations were written. Preliminary results were obtained and are discussed

    Ocean tide models for satellite geodesy and Earth rotation

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    A theory is presented which predicts tides in turbulent, self-gravitating, and loading oceans possessing linearized bottom friction, realistic bathymetry, and continents (at coastal boundaries no-flow conditions are imposed). The theory is phrased in terms of spherical harmonics, which allows the tide equations to be reduced to linear matrix equations. This approach also allows an ocean-wide mass conservation constraint to be applied. Solutions were obtained for 32 long and short period luni-solar tidal constituents (and the pole tide), including the tidal velocities in addition to the tide height. Calibrating the intensity of bottom friction produces reasonable phase lags for all constituents; however, tidal amplitudes compare well with those from observation and other theories only for long-period constituents. In the most recent stage of grant research, traditional theory (Liouville equations) for determining the effects of angular momentum exchange on Earth's rotation were extended to encompass high-frequency excitations (such as short-period tides)

    Numerical analysis of the master equation

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    Applied to the master equation, the usual numerical integration methods, such as Runge-Kutta, become inefficient when the rates associated with various transitions differ by several orders of magnitude. We introduce an integration scheme that remains stable with much larger time increments than can be used in standard methods. When only the stationary distribution is required, a direct iteration method is even more rapid; this method may be extended to construct the quasi-stationary distribution of a process with an absorbing state. Applications to birth-and-death processes reveal gains in efficiency of two or more orders of magnitude.Comment: 7 pages 3 figure

    Effects of the oceans on polar motion: Continued investigations

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    Data on the pole tide, the oceanic response to the Chandler wobble were presented. Observed North Sea pole tide enhancement (i.e., larger amplitudes than a static tide would possess) resulted from bottom friction, with the drag coefficient, in combination with the depth of the North Sea decreasing southward. Computer programs were written for the boundary conditions. Dissipation of the energy by North Sea pole tide currents was also computed; preliminary results indicate that such dissipation may explain a significant fraction of Chandler wobble energy loss

    Effects of the oceans on polar motion: Extended investigations

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    Matrix formulation of the tide equations (pole tide in nonglobal oceans); matrix formulation of the associated boundary conditions (constraints on the tide velocity at coastlines); and FORTRAN encoding of the tide equations excluding boundary conditions were completed. The need for supercomputer facilities was evident. Large versions of the programs were successfully run on the CYBER, submitting the jobs from SUNY through the BITNET network. The code was also restructured to include boundary constraints

    Functional-integral based perturbation theory for the Malthus-Verhulst process

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    We apply a functional-integral formalism for Markovian birth and death processes to determine asymptotic corrections to mean-field theory in the Malthus-Verhulst process (MVP). Expanding about the stationary mean-field solution, we identify an expansion parameter that is small in the limit of large mean population, and derive a diagrammatic expansion in powers of this parameter. The series is evaluated to fifth order using computational enumeration of diagrams. Although the MVP has no stationary state, we obtain good agreement with the associated {\it quasi-stationary} values for the moments of the population size, provided the mean population size is not small. We compare our results with those of van Kampen's Ω\Omega-expansion, and apply our method to the MVP with input, for which a stationary state does exist.Comment: 24 pages, 15 figure

    Asymptotic behavior of the order parameter in a stochastic sandpile

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    We derive the first four terms in a series for the order paramater (the stationary activity density rho) in the supercritical regime of a one-dimensional stochastic sandpile; in the two-dimensional case the first three terms are reported. We reorganize the pertubation theory for the model, recently derived using a path-integral formalism [R. Dickman e R. Vidigal, J. Phys. A 35, 7269 (2002)], to obtain an expansion for stationary properties. Since the process has a strictly conserved particle density p, the Fourier mode N^{-1} psi_{k=0} -> p, when the number of sites N -> infinity, and so is not a random variable. Isolating this mode, we obtain a new effective action leading to an expansion for rho in the parameter kappa = 1/(1+4p). This requires enumeration and numerical evaluation of more than 200 000 diagrams, for which task we develop a computational algorithm. Predictions derived from this series are in good accord with simulation results. We also discuss the nature of correlation functions and one-site reduced densities in the small-kappa (large-p) limit.Comment: 18 pages, 5 figure

    Path-integral representation for a stochastic sandpile

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    We introduce an operator description for a stochastic sandpile model with a conserved particle density, and develop a path-integral representation for its evolution. The resulting (exact) expression for the effective action highlights certain interesting features of the model, for example, that it is nominally massless, and that the dynamics is via cooperative diffusion. Using the path-integral formalism, we construct a diagrammatic perturbation theory, yielding a series expansion for the activity density in powers of the time.Comment: 22 pages, 6 figure

    Absorbing-state phase transitions: exact solutions of small systems

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    I derive precise results for absorbing-state phase transitions using exact (numerically determined) quasistationary probability distributions for small systems. Analysis of the contact process on rings of 23 or fewer sites yields critical properties (control parameter, order-parameter ratios, and critical exponents z and beta/nu_perp) with an accuracy of better than 0.1%; for the exponent nu_perp the accuracy is about 0.5%. Good results are also obtained for the pair contact process
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