74 research outputs found

### Minimal optimal generalized quantum measurements

Optimal and finite positive operator valued measurements on a finite number
$N$ of identically prepared systems have been presented recently. With physical
realization in mind we propose here optimal and minimal generalized quantum
measurements for two-level systems.
We explicitly construct them up to N=7 and verify that they are minimal up to
N=5. We finally propose an expression which gives the size of the minimal
optimal measurements for arbitrary $N$.Comment: 9 pages, Late

### Optimal Quantum Clocks

A quantum clock must satisfy two basic constraints. The first is a bound on
the time resolution of the clock given by the difference between its maximum
and minimum energy eigenvalues. The second follows from Holevo's bound on how
much classical information can be encoded in a quantum system. We show that
asymptotically, as the dimension of the Hilbert space of the clock tends to
infinity, both constraints can be satisfied simultaneously. The experimental
realization of such an optimal quantum clock using trapped ions is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, revtex, 1 figure, revision contains some new result

### Reconstruction of quantum states of spin systems via the Jaynes principle of maximum entropy

We apply the Jaynes principle of maximum entropy for the partial
reconstruction of correlated spin states. We determine the minimum set of
observables which are necessary for the complete reconstruction of the most
correlated states of systems composed of spins-1/2 (e.g., the Bell and the
Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states). We investigate to what extent an
incomplete measurement can reveal nonclassical features of correlated spin
states.Comment: 14 pages + 3 tables, LaTeX with revtex, to appear in J. Mod. Op

### Optimal estimation of quantum dynamics

We construct the optimal strategy for the estimation of an unknown unitary
transformation $U\in SU(d)$. This includes, in addition to a convenient
measurement on a probe system, finding which is the best initial state on which
$U$ is to act. When $U\in SU(2)$, such an optimal strategy can be applied to
estimate simultaneously both the direction and the strength of a magnetic
field, and shows how to use a spin 1/2 particle to transmit information about a
whole coordinate system instead of only a direction in space.Comment: 4 pages, REVTE

### Collective versus local measurements on two parallel or antiparallel spins

We give a complete analysis of covariant measurements on two spins. We
consider the cases of two parallel and two antiparallel spins, and we consider
both collective measurements on the two spins, and measurements which require
only Local Quantum Operations and Classical Communication (LOCC). In all cases
we obtain the optimal measurements for arbitrary fidelities. In particular we
show that if the aim is determine as well as possible the direction in which
the spins are pointing, it is best to carry out measurements on antiparallel
spins (as already shown by Gisin and Popescu), second best to carry out
measurements on parallel spins and worst to be restricted to LOCC measurements.
If the the aim is to determine as well as possible a direction orthogonal to
that in which the spins are pointing, it is best to carry out measurements on
parallel spins, whereas measurements on antiparallel spins and LOCC
measurements are both less good but equivalent.Comment: 4 pages; minor revision

### Optimal universal quantum cloning and state estimation

We derive a tight upper bound for the fidelity of a universal N to M qubit
cloner, valid for any M \geq N, where the output of the cloner is required to
be supported on the symmetric subspace. Our proof is based on the concatenation
of two cloners and the connection between quantum cloning and quantum state
estimation. We generalise the operation of a quantum cloner to mixed and/or
entangled input qubits described by a density matrix supported on the symmetric
subspace of the constituent qubits. We also extend the validity of optimal
state estimation methods to inputs of this kind.Comment: 4 pages (RevTeX

### Optimal estimation of multiple phases

We study the issue of simultaneous estimation of several phase shifts induced
by commuting operators on a quantum state. We derive the optimal positive
operator-valued measure corresponding to the multiple-phase estimation. In
particular, we discuss the explicit case of the optimal detection of double
phase for a system of identical qutrits and generalise these results to optimal
multiple phase detection for d-dimensional quantum states.Comment: 6 page

### Optimal quantum teleportation with an arbitrary pure state

We derive the maximum fidelity attainable for teleportation using a shared
pair of d-level systems in an arbitrary pure state. This derivation provides a
complete set of necessary and sufficient conditions for optimal teleportation
protocols. We also discuss the information on the teleported particle which is
revealed in course of the protocol using a non-maximally entangled state.Comment: 10 pages, REVTe

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