39,644 research outputs found

    Interpolating Action for Strings and Membranes - a Study of Symmetries in the Constrained Hamiltonian Approach

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    A master action for bosonic strings and membranes, interpolating between the Nambu--Goto and Polyakov formalisms, is discussed. The role of the gauge symmetries vis-\`{a}-vis reparametrization symmetries of the various actions is analyzed by a constrained Hamiltonian approach. This analysis reveals the difference between strings and higher branes, which is essentially tied to a degree of freedom count. The cosmological term for membranes follows naturally in this scheme. The conncetion of our aproach with the Arnowitt--Deser--Misner representation in general relativity is illuminated.Comment: LaTex, 23 pages; discussion on ADM representation included and new references adde

    Generalised Hamiltonian embedding of the Proca model

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    We convert the second class Proca model into a first class theory by using the generalised prescription of Batalin, Fradkin and Tyutin. We then show how a basic set of gauge invariant fields in the embedded model can be identified with the fundamental fields in the proca model as well as with the observables in the St\"uckelberg model or in the model involving the interaction of an abelian 2-form field with the Maxwell field. The connection of these models with the massive Kalb-Ramond model is also elucidated within a path integral approach.Comment: 11 pages, Latex, No figur

    Entropy of the Kerr-Sen Black Hole

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    We study the entropy of Kerr-Sen black hole of heterotic string theory beyond semiclassical approximations. Applying the properties of exact differentials for three variables to the first law thermodynamics we derive the corrections to the entropy of the black hole. The leading (logarithmic) and non leading corrections to the area law are obtained.Comment: 8 pages. Corrected references

    Lagrangian analysis of `trivial' symmetries in models of gravity

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    We study the differences between Poincare and canonical hamiltonian symmetries in models of gravity through the corresponding Noether identities and show that they are equivalent modulo trivial gauge symmetries.Comment: 4 pages, LaTeX; Based on presentation at the conference "Relativity and Gravitation: 100 Years after Einstein in Prague," held in Prague, June 201

    Self dual models and mass generation in planar field theory

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    We analyse in three space-time dimensions, the connection between abelian self dual vector doublets and their counterparts containing both an explicit mass and a topological mass. Their correspondence is established in the lagrangian formalism using an operator approach as well as a path integral approach. A canonical hamiltonian analysis is presented, which also shows the equivalence with the lagrangian formalism. The implications of our results for bosonisation in three dimensions are discussed.Comment: 15 pages,Revtex, No figures; several changes; revised version to appear in Physical Review

    Quantisation of second class systems in the Batalin-Tyutin formalism

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    We review the Batalin-Tyutin approach of quantising second class systems which consists in enlarging the phase space to convert such systems into first class. The quantisation of first class systems, it may be mentioned, is already well founded. We show how the usual analysis of Batalin-Tyutin may be generalised, particularly if one is dealing with nonabelian theories. In order to gain a deeper insight into the formalism we have considered two specific examples of second class theories-- the massive Maxwell theory (Proca model) and its nonabelian extension. The first class constraints and the involutive Hamiltonian are explicitly constructed. The connection of our Hamiltonian approach with the usual Lagrangian formalism is elucidated. For the Proca model we reveal the importance of a boundary term which plays a significant role in establishing an exact identification of the extra fields in the Batalin-Tyutin approach with the St\"uckelberg scalar. Some comments are also made concerning the corresponding identification in the nonabelian example.Comment: 26 pages, Latex file, e-mail [email protected] SINP-TNP/94-
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