185 research outputs found

    Power Corrections and KLN Cancellations

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    We consider perturbative expansions in theories with an infrared cutoff \lambda. The infrared sensitive pieces are defined as terms nonanalytic in the infinitesimal 2\lambda^2 and powers of this cutoff characterize the strength of these infrared contributions. It is argued that the sum over the initial and final degenerate ( as 0\lambda \to 0) states which is required by the Kinoshita - Lee - Nauenberg theorem eliminates terms of order 0\lambda^0 and 1\lambda^1. However, the quadratic and higher order terms in general do not cancel. This is investigated in simple examples of KLN cancellations, of relevance to the inclusive decay rate of a heavy particle, at the one loop level.Comment: 20 pages, LaTe

    Renormalons and 1/Q^2 Corrections

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    We argue that the appearance of the Landau pole in the running coupling of QCD introduces 1/Q^2 power corrections in current correlation functions. These terms are not accounted for by the standard operator product expansion and is the price to be paid for the lack of a unique definition of the running coupling at the 1/Q^2 level. We review also possible phenomenological implications of the 1/Q^2 terms in an alternative language of the ultraviolet renormalon.Comment: 7 pages, LaTe

    On Non Perturbative Corrections to the Potential for Heavy Quarks

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    We discuss non perturbative corrections to the Coulomb-like potential of heavy quarks at short distances. We consider both the standard framework provided by infrared renormalons and the assumption that confinement does not allow weak fields to penetrate the vacuum. In the former case the leading correction at short distances turns out to be quadratic in r for static quarks. In the latter case we find a potential which is proportional to r as r rightarrow 0. We point out that similar effects arise due to a new kind of non perturbative correction proportional to 1/Q^2, which is unaccounted for by the operator product expansion and which was recently discussed within a different framework. Phenomenological implications of the linear correction to the potential are briefly reviewed.Comment: 13 pages, latex, 2 figures, uses eps