2,053 research outputs found

### Quasiparticle band structure of infinite hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen chloride chains

We study the quasiparticle band structure of isolated, infinite HF and HCl
bent (zigzag) chains and examine the effect of the crystal field on the energy
levels of the constituent monomers. The chains are one of the simplest but
realistic models of the corresponding three-dimensional crystalline solids. To
describe the isolated monomers and the chains, we set out from the Hartree-Fock
approximation, harnessing the advanced Green's function methods "local
molecular orbital algebraic diagrammatic construction" (ADC) scheme and "local
crystal orbital ADC" (CO-ADC) in a strict second order approximation, ADC(2,2)
and CO-ADC(2,2), respectively, to account for electron correlations. The
configuration space of the periodic correlation calculations is found to
converge rapidly only requiring nearest-neighbor contributions to be regarded.
Although electron correlations cause a pronounced shift of the quasiparticle
band structure of the chains with respect to the Hartree-Fock result, the
bandwidth essentially remains unaltered in contrast to, e.g., covalently bound
compounds.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figures, 6 tables, RevTeX4, corrected typoe

### Oscillatory Shear Flow-Induced Alignment of Lamellar Melts of Hydrogen-Bonded Comb Copolymer Supramolecules

In this work we present the orientational behavior of comb copolymer-like supramolecules P4VP(PDP)1.0, obtained by hydrogen bonding between poly(4-vinylpyridine) and pentadecylphenol, during large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow experiments over a broad range of frequencies (0.001-10 Hz). The alignment diagram, presenting the macroscopic alignment in T/TODT vs Ï‰/Ï‰c, contains three regions of parallel alignment separated by a region of perpendicular alignment. For our material, the order-disorder temperature TODT = 67 Â°C and Ï‰c, the frequency above which the distortion of the chain conformation dominates the materialsâ€™ viscoelasticity, is around 0.1 Hz at 61 Â°C. For the first time flipping from a pure transverse alignment via biaxial transverse/perpendicular alignment to a perpendicular alignment as a function of the strain amplitude was found.

### Electron correlations for ground state properties of group IV semiconductors

Valence energies for crystalline C, Si, Ge, and Sn with diamond structure
have been determined using an ab-initio approach based on information from
cluster calculations. Correlation contributions, in particular, have been
evaluated in the coupled electron pair approximation (CEPA), by means of
increments obtained for localized bond orbitals and for pairs and triples of
such bonds. Combining these results with corresponding Hartree-Fock (HF) data,
we recover about 95 % of the experimental cohesive energies. Lattice constants
are overestimated at the HF level by about 1.5 %; correlation effects reduce
these deviations to values which are within the error bounds of this method. A
similar behavior is found for the bulk modulus: the HF values which are
significantly too high are reduced by correlation effects to about 97 % of the
experimental values.Comment: 22 pages, latex, 2 figure

### Step-Wise Computational Synthesis of Fullerene C60 derivatives. 1.Fluorinated Fullerenes C60F2k

The reactions of fullerene C60 with atomic fluorine have been studied by
unrestricted broken spin-symmetry Hartree-Fock (UBS HF) approach implemented in
semiempirical codes based on AM1 technique. The calculations were focused on a
sequential addition of fluorine atom to the fullerene cage following indication
of the cage atom highest chemical susceptibility that is calculated at each
step. The effectively-non-paired-electron concept of the fullerene atoms
chemical susceptibility lays the foundation of the suggested computational
synthesis. The obtained results are analyzed from energetic, symmetry, and the
composition abundance viewpoints. A good fitting of the data to experimental
findings proves a creative role of the suggested synthesis methodology.Comment: 33 pages, 11 figures, 2 tables, 2 chart

### Continuous symmetry of C60 fullerene and its derivatives

Conventionally, the Ih symmetry of fullerene C60 is accepted which is
supported by numerous calculations. However, this conclusion results from the
consideration of the molecule electron system, of its odd electrons in
particular, in a close-shell approximation without taking the electron spin
into account. Passing to the open-shell approximation has lead to both the
energy and the symmetry lowering up to Ci. Seemingly contradicting to a
high-symmetry pattern of experimental recording, particularly concerning the
molecule electronic spectra, the finding is considered in the current paper
from the continuous symmetry viewpoint. Exploiting both continuous symmetry
measure and continuous symmetry content, was shown that formal Ci symmetry of
the molecule is by 99.99% Ih. A similar continuous symmetry analysis of the
fullerene monoderivatives gives a reasonable explanation of a large variety of
their optical spectra patterns within the framework of the same C1 formal
symmetry exhibiting a strong stability of the C60 skeleton.Comment: 11 pages. 5 figures. 6 table

### Enhancing reductive cleavage of aromatic carboxamides

[GRAPHICS] A set of aromatic and especially heteroaromatic N-benzyl carboxamides, derived from naphthalene, pyridine, pyrazine, and quinoline, and the corresponding tert-butyl acylcarbamates have been synthesized and studied by cyclic voltammetry with respect to facilitated reduction. The latter undergo regiospecific cleavage of their C(O)-N bonds under very mild reductive conditions with formation of Boc-protected (benzyl)amine in most cases in nearly quantitative yields, Examples of preparative cleavage by controlled potential electrolysis, activated aluminum, and NaBH4 are given

### Enhanced error estimator based on a nearly equilibrated moving least squares recovery technique for FEM and XFEM

In this paper a new technique aimed to obtain accurate estimates of the error
in energy norm using a moving least squares (MLS) recovery-based procedure is
presented. We explore the capabilities of a recovery technique based on an
enhanced MLS fitting, which directly provides continuous interpolated fields,
to obtain estimates of the error in energy norm as an alternative to the
superconvergent patch recovery (SPR). Boundary equilibrium is enforced using a
nearest point approach that modifies the MLS functional. Lagrange multipliers
are used to impose a nearly exact satisfaction of the internal equilibrium
equation. The numerical results show the high accuracy of the proposed error
estimator

### The skeletal phenotype of chondroadherin deficient mice

Chondroadherin, a leucine rich repeat extracellular matrix protein with functions in cell to matrix interactions, binds cells via their a2b1 integrin as well as via cell surface proteoglycans, providing for different sets of signals to the cell. Additionally, the protein acts as an anchor to the matrix by binding tightly to collagens type I and II as well as type VI. We generated mice with inactivated chondroadherin gene to provide integrated studies of the role of the protein. The null mice presented distinct phenotypes with affected cartilage as well as bone. At 3â€“6 weeks of age the epiphyseal growth plate was widened most pronounced in the proliferative zone. The proteome of the femoral head articular cartilage at 4 months of age showed some distinct differences, with increased deposition of cartilage intermediate layer protein 1 and fibronectin in the chondroadherin deficient mice, more pronounced in the female. Other proteins show decreased levels in the deficient mice, particularly pronounced for matrilin-1, thrombospondin-1 and notably the members of the a1-antitrypsin family of proteinase inhibitors as well as for a member of the bone morphogenetic protein growth factor family. Thus, cartilage homeostasis is distinctly altered. The bone phenotype was expressed in several ways. The number of bone sialoprotein mRNA expressing cells in the proximal tibial metaphysic was decreased and the osteoid surface was increased possibly indicating a change in mineral metabolism. Micro-CT revealed lower cortical thickness and increased structure model index, i.e. the amount of plates and rods composing the bone trabeculas. The structural changes were paralleled by loss of function, where the null mice showed lower femoral neck failure load and tibial strength during mechanical testing at 4 months of age. The skeletal phenotype points at a role for chondroadherin in both bone and cartilage homeostasis, however, without leading to altered longitudinal growth

### The physics of dynamical atomic charges: the case of ABO3 compounds

Based on recent first-principles computations in perovskite compounds,
especially BaTiO3, we examine the significance of the Born effective charge
concept and contrast it with other atomic charge definitions, either static
(Mulliken, Bader...) or dynamical (Callen, Szigeti...). It is shown that static
and dynamical charges are not driven by the same underlying parameters. A
unified treatment of dynamical charges in periodic solids and large clusters is
proposed. The origin of the difference between static and dynamical charges is
discussed in terms of local polarizability and delocalized transfers of charge:
local models succeed in reproducing anomalous effective charges thanks to large
atomic polarizabilities but, in ABO3 compounds, ab initio calculations favor
the physical picture based upon transfer of charges. Various results concerning
barium and strontium titanates are presented. The origin of anomalous Born
effective charges is discussed thanks to a band-by-band decomposition which
allows to identify the displacement of the Wannier center of separated bands
induced by an atomic displacement. The sensitivity of the Born effective
charges to microscopic and macroscopic strains is examined. Finally, we
estimate the spontaneous polarization in the four phases of barium titanate.Comment: 25 pages, 6 Figures, 10 Tables, LaTe

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