119 research outputs found

    Comments on matter collineations of plane symmetric, cylindrically symmetric and spherically symmetric spacetimes

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    Comments are made on some recently published papers on matter collineations of plane symmetric, cylindrically symmetric and spherically symmetric spacetimes

    Primordial Black Holes in Phantom Cosmology

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    We investigate the effects of accretion of phantom energy onto primordial black holes. Since Hawking radiation and phantom energy accretion contribute to a {\it decrease} of the mass of the black hole, the primordial black hole that would be expected to decay now due to the Hawking process would decay {\it earlier} due to the inclusion of the phantom energy. Equivalently, to have the primordial black hole decay now it would have to be more massive initially. We find that the effect of the phantom energy is substantial and the black holes decaying now would be {\it much} more massive -- over 10 orders of magnitude! This effect will be relevant for determining the time of production and hence the number of evaporating black holes expected in a universe accelerating due to phantom energy.Comment: 17 pages, 10 figures, accepted for publication in Gen. Relativ. Gravi

    Higgs dark energy in inert doublet model

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    Scalar fields are among the possible candidates for dark energy. This paper is devoted to the scalar fields from the inert doublet model, where instead of one as in the standard model, two SU(2) Higgs doublets are used. The component fields of one SU(2) doublet (ϕ1\phi_1) act in an identical way to the standard model Higgs while the component fields of the second SU(2) doublet (ϕ2\phi_2) are taken to be the dark energy candidate (which is done by assuming that the phase transition in the field has not yet occurred). It is found that one can arrange for late time acceleration (dark energy) by using an SU(2) Higgs doublet in the inert Higgs doublet model, whose vacuum expectation value is zero, in the quintessential regime.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Geometric Linearization of Ordinary Differential Equations

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    The linearizability of differential equations was first considered by Lie for scalar second order semi-linear ordinary differential equations. Since then there has been considerable work done on the algebraic classification of linearizable equations and even on systems of equations. However, little has been done in the way of providing explicit criteria to determine their linearizability. Using the connection between isometries and symmetries of the system of geodesic equations criteria were established for second order quadratically and cubically semi-linear equations and for systems of equations. The connection was proved for maximally symmetric spaces and a conjecture was put forward for other cases. Here the criteria are briefly reviewed and the conjecture is proved.Comment: This is a contribution to the Proc. of the Seventh International Conference ''Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics'' (June 24-30, 2007, Kyiv, Ukraine), published in SIGMA (Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications) at http://www.emis.de/journals/SIGMA