8,127 research outputs found

    Disclosing connections between black holes and naked singularities: Horizon remnants, Killing throats and bottlenecks

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    We study the properties of black holes and naked singularities by considering stationary observers and light surfaces in Kerr spacetimes. We reconsider the notion of Killing horizons from a special perspective by exploring the entire family of Kerr metrics. To this end, we introduce the concepts of extended plane, Killing throats and bottlenecks for weak (slowly spinning) naked singularities. Killing bottlenecks (or horizon remnants in analogy with the corresponding definition of throats in black holes) are restrictions of the Killing throats appearing in special classes of slowly spinning naked singularities. Killing bottlenecks appear in association with the concept of pre-horizon regime introduced in [1, 2]. In the extended plane of the Kerr spacetime, we introduce particular sets, metric bundles, of metric tensors which allow us to reinterpret the concept of horizon and to find connections between black holes and naked singularities throughout the horizons. To evaluate the effects of frame-dragging on the formation and structure of Killing bottlenecks and horizons in the extended plane, we consider also the Kerr-Newman and the Reissner-Norstrom spacetimes. We argue that these results might be significant for the comprehension of processes that lead to the formation and eventually destruction of Killing horizons.Comment: 33 pages, 32 multi-panels figures, 3 Table

    Squeezing of toroidal accretion disks

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    Accretion disks around very compact objects such as very massive Black hole can grow according to thick toroidal models. We face the problem of defining how does change the thickness of a toroidal accretion disk spinning around a Schwarzschild Black hole under the influence of a toroidal magnetic field and by varying the fluid angular momentum. We consider both an hydrodynamic and a magnetohydrodynamic disk based on the Polish doughnut thick model. We show that the torus thickness remains basically unaffected but tends to increase or decrease slightly depending on the balance of the magnetic, gravitational and centrifugal effects which the disk is subjected to.Comment: 6 pages, 17 figures, to appear in EP

    Observers in Kerr spacetimes: the ergoregion on the equatorial plane

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    We perform a detailed analysis of the properties of stationary observers located on the equatorial plane of the ergosphere in a Kerr spacetime, including light-surfaces. This study highlights crucial differences between black hole and the super-spinner sources. In the case of Kerr naked singularities, the results allow us to distinguish between "weak" and "strong" singularities, corresponding to spin values close to or distant from the limiting case of extreme black holes, respectively. We derive important limiting angular frequencies for naked singularities. We especially study very weak singularities as resulting from the spin variation of black holes. We also explore the main properties of zero angular momentum observers for different classes of black hole and naked singularity spacetimes.Comment: 20 pages, 13 multi-panels figures, 2 table

    The ergoregion in the Kerr spacetime: properties of the equatorial circular motion

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    We investigate in detail the circular motion of test particles on the equatorial plane of the ergoregion in the Kerr spacetime. We consider all the regions where circular motion is allowed, and we analyze the stability properties and the energy and angular momentum of the test particles. We show that the structure of the stability regions has definite features that make it possible to distinguish between black holes and naked singularities. The naked singularity case presents a very structured non-connected set of regions of orbital stability, where the presence of counterrotating particles and zero angular momentum particles for a specific class of naked singularities is interpreted as due to the presence of a repulsive field generated by the central source of gravity. In particular, we analyze the effects of the dynamical structure of the ergoregion (the union of the orbital regions for different attractor spins) on the behavior of accretion disks around the central source. The properties of the circular motion turn out to be so distinctive that they allow the introduction of a complete classification of Kerr spacetimes, each class of which is characterized by different physical effects that could be of especial relevance in observational Astrophysics. We also identify some special black hole spacetimes where these effects could be relevant.Comment: 19 pages, 9 figure multi-panels; 3 Tables. This and a slightly modified version with the addition of new references and some new discussion. To appear in EPJ
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