796 research outputs found

    Nonequilibrium work distribution of a quantum harmonic oscillator

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    We analytically calculate the work distribution of a quantum harmonic oscillator with arbitrary time-dependent angular frequency. We provide detailed expressions for the work probability density for adiabatic and nonadiabatic processes, in the limit of low and high temperature. We further verify the validity of the quantum Jarzynski equalityComment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Comments on dihedral and supersymmetric extensions of a family of Hamiltonians on a plane

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    For any odd kk, a connection is established between the dihedral and supersymmetric extensions of the Tremblay-Turbiner-Winternitz Hamiltonians HkH_k on a plane. For this purpose, the elements of the dihedral group D2kD_{2k} are realized in terms of two independent pairs of fermionic creation and annihilation operators and some interesting trigonometric identities are demonstrated.Comment: 10 pages, no figure, acknowledgments added, references completed, published versio

    Defining integrals over connections in the discretized gravitational functional integral

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    Integration over connection type variables in the path integral for the discrete form of the first order formulation of general relativity theory is studied. The result (a generalized function of the rest of variables of the type of tetrad or elementary areas) can be defined through its moments, i. e. integrals of it with the area tensor monomials. In our previous paper these moments have been defined by deforming integration contours in the complex plane as if we had passed to an Euclidean-like region. In the present paper we define and evaluate the moments in the genuine Minkowsky region. The distribution of interest resulting from these moments in this non-positively defined region contains the divergences. We prove that the latter contribute only to the singular (\dfun like) part of this distribution with support in the non-physical region of the complex plane of area tensors while in the physical region this distribution (usual function) confirms that defined in our previous paper which decays exponentially at large areas. Besides that, we evaluate the basic integrals over which the integral over connections in the general path integral can be expanded.Comment: 18 page

    Non-relativistic limit of multidimensional gravity: exact solutions and applications

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    It is found the exact solution of the Poisson equation for the multidimensional space with topology M3+d=R3Ă—TdM_{3+d}=\mathbb{R}^3\times T^d. This solution describes smooth transition from the newtonian behavior 1/r31/r_3 for distances bigger than periods of tori (the extra dimension sizes) to multidimensional behavior 1/r3+d1+d1/r^{1+d}_{3+d} in opposite limit. In the case of one extra dimension d=1d=1, the gravitational potential is expressed via compact and elegant formula. These exact solutions are applied to some practical problems to get the gravitational potentials for considered configurations. Found potentials are used to calculate the acceleration for point masses and gravitational self-energy.It is proposed models where the test masses are smeared over some (or all) extra dimensions. In 10-dimensional spacetime with 3 smeared extra dimensions, it is shown that the size of 3 rest extra dimensions can be enlarged up to submillimeter for the case of 1TeV fundamental Planck scale MPl(10)M_{Pl(10)}. In the models where all extra dimensions are smeared, the gravitational potential exactly coincides with the newtonian one regardless of size of the extra dimensions. Nevertheless, the hierarchy problem can be solved in these models.Comment: LaTex file, 18 pages, 4 figure

    Vacuum polarization in a cosmic string spacetime induced by flat boundary

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    In this paper we analyze the vacuum expectation values of the field squared and the energy-momentum tensor associated to a massive scalar field in a higher dimensional cosmic string spacetime, obeying Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions on the surface orthogonal to the string.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures, talk presented at the 8th Alexander Friedmann International Seminar on Gravitation and Cosmology, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazi

    Spectral signatures of magnetic Bloch oscillations in one-dimensional easy-axis ferromagnets

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    Domain walls in a one-dimensional gapped easy-axis ferromagnet can exhibit Bloch oscillations in an applied magnetic field. We investigate how exchange couplings modify this behavior within an approximation based on noninteracting domain-wall bound states. In particular, we obtain analytical results for the spectrum and the dynamic structure factor, and show where in momentum space to expect equidistant energy levels, the Wannier-Zeeman ladder, which is the spectral signature of magnetic Bloch oscillations. We compare our results to previous calculations employing a single domain-wall approximation, and make predictions relevant for the material CoCl2â‹…2H2OCoCl2\cdot2H2O.Comment: 12 pages, 14 figure

    Relaxational dynamics in 3D randomly diluted Ising models

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    We study the purely relaxational dynamics (model A) at criticality in three-dimensional disordered Ising systems whose static critical behaviour belongs to the randomly diluted Ising universality class. We consider the site-diluted and bond-diluted Ising models, and the +- J Ising model along the paramagnetic-ferromagnetic transition line. We perform Monte Carlo simulations at the critical point using the Metropolis algorithm and study the dynamic behaviour in equilibrium at various values of the disorder parameter. The results provide a robust evidence of the existence of a unique model-A dynamic universality class which describes the relaxational critical dynamics in all considered models. In particular, the analysis of the size-dependence of suitably defined autocorrelation times at the critical point provides the estimate z=2.35(2) for the universal dynamic critical exponent. We also study the off-equilibrium relaxational dynamics following a quench from T=\infty to T=T_c. In agreement with the field-theory scenario, the analysis of the off-equilibrium dynamic critical behavior gives an estimate of z that is perfectly consistent with the equilibrium estimate z=2.35(2).Comment: 38 page
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