14 research outputs found

    PAKAN INDUK SELAMA KEBUNTINGAN PADA KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWA 1. PERFORMA PERTUMBUHAN ANAK YANG DILAHIRKAN SAMPAI UMUR PENYAPIHAN

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    This study investigated the life-long effects of maternal nutrition provided to the pregnant \ud Etawa does at different ages of gestation on the growth performance of the offspring. Treatment \ud of maternal nutrition consisted of T1 (d 0 ??? 50 of gestation), T2 (d 50 to 100 of gestation) and \ud T3 (d 100 ??? parturation) in addition to negative control (T0) and positive control (T4). The \ud results suggested that maternal nutrition during different stages of pregnancy of Etawa does \ud resulted in better growth performance of the offspring as indicated by their birth and weaning \ud weights and preweaning daily gain

    The Hatching and Post-Hatch Performance of Native Chicken Resulted from in Ovo of L-Glutamine with Various Solutions

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    The study aimed to identify the effect of in ovo of L-Glutamine with various solutions to the hatching and post-hatch performance of native chicken. In ovo of nutrients is one method of external nutrient supplementation to the chicken embryo before hatching. As many as 300 eggs were used in this study. This study employed a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 3 replications, P0: Negative control, P1: Positive control (NaCl 0.9% solution), P2: Ringer Lactate, P3: L-Glutamine 1.0% in NaCl 0.9% solution, P4: L-Glutamine 1.0% in Ringer Lactate. The observed parameters in this study included the hatching performance and post-hatch performance of native chicken consisting of hatching weight, hatch and egg weight ratio, hatchability, feed consumption, final body weight and  hematocrit value. The study indicated that the hatchability at the treatment P0, P2 and P4 was higher compared to P1 and P3. There was no significant effect of in ovo to the hatching weight, hatch and egg weight ratio, hatchability, feed consumption, final body weight and hematocrit value

    The Role of Gender on Biosecurity Practices in Beef Cattle Supply Chain Farms in Bone Regency, South Sulawesi

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    Abstract. The aim of this study was to know the role of gender on biosecurity practices in beef cattle farms in Bone Regency, South Sulawesi. Total sample was 51 beef cattle farmers which was chosen through purposive sampling. Data were collected through observation and depth interview by using questionnaire. There was 22 questions which were divided into 5 sub variables: participation, isolation, sanitation, traffic control and other activities. Guttman scale was used to know whether beef cattle farmers take a part on those activities or not. The score was 1 if they DO, and the score was 0 if they DO NOT DO. Data were calculated by using SPSS version 23.0 and were analyzed descriptively by using percentage table. The results showed that the highest percentage was sanitation (69.02%), and the lowest percentage of the role of gender on biosecurity practices in beef cattle farms was participation (13.07%) which consisted of training, seminar and looking for information. On average, the role of men were greater than the role of women on biosecurity practices in beef cattle farms in Bone Regency, South Sulawesi: 54.70% and 45.30% respectively

    Hatching Performance of Indonesian Native Chicken Supplemented by L-Glutamine at Different Days of Incubation

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    The present study aimed to determine the hatching performance of native chicken subjected to the supplementation of L-Glutamine at different days of incubation.  A total of 240 fertilized eggs native chicken eggs with an initial weight of 48.85 ± 3.3 g, were subjected to injection of glutamine on the 7th, 9th and 11th day of incubation, while the control group received no injection. A total of 1.5% glutamine was dissolved in 0.5 mL of saline solution and injected at the pointed part of the egg with the target into the albumen. Hatchability, incubation time, and chick weight at hatch were determined during the study. The hatchability of native chicken treated with an injection of glutamine amino acid on different incubation days was still lower than of the control group. However, hatches were generally more substantial in size. The incubation time of the injected chicks was longer than that of the control. Chicks from injected of glutamine on the 11th day of incubation were 12.31% heavier than controls and did not differ from injections on the day 7th and 9th of incubation. The results of this study indicated that the administration of glutamine to obtain more massive chicks at the time of hatching could be conducted on the 7th, 9th and 11th days of incubation, even with lower hatchability

    Status Metabolit Ternak Sapi Bali pada Kebuntingan Trimester Terakhir

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    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status metabolit khususnya glukosa, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), dan kreatinin induk sapi Bali pada kebuntingan trimester terakhir. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Bantaeng dengan menggunakan ternak-ternak sapi milik petani-peternak. Sebanyak 21 ekor induk sapi Bali pada periode kebuntingan akhir digunakan pada penelitian ini. Sampel darah dikoleksi dengan interval dua bulan pada semua ternak pada pagi hari melalui vena jugularis ke dalam tabung vakum. Setelah dikoleksi, setetes darah diambil untuk uji glukosa, kemudian sampel disimpan pada suhu 4??C dan kemudian disentrifugasi dalam waktu 4 jam pada 1500 x g selama 15 menit untuk diambil plasma darahnya. Plasma kemudian disimpan pada suhu -20??C sampai dilakukan analisa BUN dan kreatinin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan yang nyata (P=0,5944) terhadap konsentrasi glukosa (56,95??18,41 mg/dL vs 53,73??9,32 mg/dL) antara dua bulan interval pengambilan sampel darah. Demikian halnya dengan konsentrasi BUN dan kreatinin tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang nyata (13,85??4,23 mg/dL vs 11,69 ?? 6,14 mg/dL; P=0,3495), dan (1,61??0,32 mg/dL vs 1,51??0,17 mg/dL; P=0,3920). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa status metabolit induk sapi Bali pada kebuntingan akhir pada penelitian ini masih pada kondisi yang normal

    The incidence of Reproductive Disorders in Dairy Cows under Smallholder Farms

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    The objective of this study was to know the incidence of reproductive disorders in smallholder dairy farms. The study was conducted in 12 small dairy farms in Enrekang Regency, Indonesia.  A total of 80 dairy Holstein Friesian cattle consisted of 51 dairy cows and 29 dairy heifers were used in the present study. All dairy cattle at each farm were housed in tie-stall barns.  Reproductive examination was conducted to determine the incidence of reproductive disorders both vaginoscopy and palpation per rectum. The incidence of reproductive disorders was 30.0%; 31.0% in dairy heifers and 29.4% in dairy cows. Uterine infection was the most reproductive disorder suffered to the dairy cattle (12.5%), followed by inactive ovaries and cyst (10% and 5%, respectively). The dairy cattle suffered from reproductive disorders increased the likelihood to mate (artificial insemination; AI) greater than three times as well as to become pregnant. In the population of dairy cattle, 48% AI was conducted greater than three times. The pregnancy rate for the dairy cattle suffered from reproductive disorders was only 20%, with interval from calving to conception was 550 days in average. It can be concluded that high incidence of reproductive disorders in smallholder dairy farms. The occurrence of reproductive disorders decreased the reproductive performance of the dairy cattle in smallholder farms

    Reproductive Performance of Dairy Friesian Holstein Heifers (a Case Study in Enrekang, Indonesia)

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    The aim of this study was to know the reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian dairy heifers. This study was conducted on Holstein Friesian dairy heifers of dairy farmers in Enrekang Regency

    Effect of Giving Turmeric Flour (Curcuma domestica) on Differential Leukocytes, Antibody Titers of Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease Super Native Chickens

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    In order to raise super-native chickens without the usage of antibiotics, herbal plants with a phytobiotic function may be used as feed additions. This study aims to examine the effect of turmeric flour (Curcuma domestica) given through drinking water on leukocyte differentials, AI antibody titers, and ND antibody titers as indicators of immunity status in super-native chickens. Five treatments and four tests, each with five super native chicks, were used in the experiment, which was carried out utilizing an experimental methodology.  The treatment (P) given included P0 as a negative control (drinking water without treatment), P1 as a positive control (drinking water + 0.1 g/L PromuneC®), P2 (drinking water + 1 g/L turmeric flour), P3 (drinking water + 3 g/L turmeric flour) and P4 (drinking water + 5 g/L turmeric flour). All the data gathered for this study were evaluated using Analysis of Variance, and Duncan's test using SPSS version 25 was required if there were any significant differences. The 56-day-old AI and ND antibody titer reached a protective level where the best dose for AI antibody titer increase was 5 g/L of drinking water with AI log2 9.5 of titer and the best dose for ND antibody titer increase was 3 g/L of drinking water with ND log2 7.5 of titer. According to statistical analysis, the addition of turmeric powder to drinking water had no discernible effects on the mean of lymphocytes, monocytes, or eosinophils but had a significant impact (P0.05) on the mean of basophils. The treatment also had a noticeable effect on AI antibody titers (P<0.05) but had no noticeable effect on ND antibody titers. In conclusion, giving turmeric powder (Curcuma domestica) in drinking water is useful as an immunomodulator by maintaining normal levels of differential leukocytes, and increasing protection against AI and ND super-native chicken so it can be used as a natural feed additive

    Water balance of goats in Jeneponto - South Sulawesi under sunlight exposure and water restriction

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    Water balance of 5 does of Kacang goat of Jeneponto was studied under the condition of sunlight exposure and water restriction. The study was conducted in dry season with 4 consecutive treatments of 10 d with 4-5 d of adjustment period between two consecutive treatments: (1) indoor and unrestricted water; (2) indoor and restricted water; (3) 10 h outdoor–and unrestricted water; (4) 10 h outdoor – restricted water. The maximum air temperature of outdoor was 39.3OC, and it was 30OC in the indoor environment. In all treatments, the animals were placed in the individual crates. The plasma volume of the goats was higher under sunlight exposure, but it decreased by water restriction, while hematocrite value indicated a reverse responses. Sunlight exposure did not significantly decrease the intake and digestion of organic matter, but water restriction affected significantly and this effect was higher under sunlight exposre. The proportions of water loss through every avenue were maintained relatively constant either under water restriction or sunlight exposure in which the respration rate increased significantly. The findings suggest that sunlight exposure with unrestricted water resulted in a positive water balance without a significant change in organic matter intake and utilization. Water restriction resulted in a negative water balance, reducing organic matter intake and utilization. As the adaptive mechanisms, the goat appeared to be able to withstand in the harsh environment of Jeneponto by expanding plasma volume, increasing body temperature and respiration rate

    Water balance of goats in Jeneponto - South Sulawesi under sunlight exposure and water restriction

    No full text
    Water balance of 5 does of Kacang goat of Jeneponto was studied under the condition of sunlight exposure and water restriction. The study was conducted in dry season with 4 consecutive treatments of 10 d with 4-5 d of adjustment period between two consecutive treatments: (1) indoor and unrestricted water; (2) indoor and restricted water; (3) 10 h outdoor–and unrestricted water; (4) 10 h outdoor – restricted water. The maximum air temperature of outdoor was 39.3OC, and it was 30OC in the indoor environment. In all treatments, the animals were placed in the individual crates. The plasma volume of the goats was higher under sunlight exposure, but it decreased by water restriction, while hematocrite value indicated a reverse responses. Sunlight exposure did not significantly decrease the intake and digestion of organic matter, but water restriction affected significantly and this effect was higher under sunlight exposre. The proportions of water loss through every avenue were maintained relatively constant either under water restriction or sunlight exposure in which the respration rate increased significantly. The findings suggest that sunlight exposure with unrestricted water resulted in a positive water balance without a significant change in organic matter intake and utilization. Water restriction resulted in a negative water balance, reducing organic matter intake and utilization. As the adaptive mechanisms, the goat appeared to be able to withstand in the harsh environment of Jeneponto by expanding plasma volume, increasing body temperature and respiration rate. Key Words: Goat, Water Balance, Sunlight Exposure, Water Restriction, Digestio
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