9 research outputs found

    Content and language integrated learning in Latin America 2008-2018: Ten years of research and practice

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    Bilingual education, usually a community’s L1 and English continues spreading geographically and across educational systems worldwide. With this expansion, the development of bilingual education approaches is under constant scrutiny. One recent approach is content and language integrated learning (CLIL). European in origin, CLIL can be viewed as an educational or language teaching approach and it refers to the teaching of curricular content and L2 in an integrated manner. This approach has received international attention, yet, how CLIL unfolds in settings outside Europe appears underrepresented in international publications. The aim of this article is to provide a critical review of CLIL in Latin America between 2008 and 2018. We surveyed 64 items (articles, book chapters, and dissertations) published in regional and international outlets: 41 empirical studies, 19 practice-oriented publications, and four reviews. It begins by summarizing the CLIL continuum with a focus on content- and language-driven CLIL and CLIL frameworks. It then provides a synthesis of empirical studies and practice-oriented publications about CLIL in different Latin American settings. The corpus is analyzed following these unifying themes: pedagogy, perceptions and beliefs, teacher education, global citizenship, and language development. From this review, it transpires that Latin American CLIL is mostly implemented and examined from a language-driven perspective in private primary, secondary and higher education. Suggestions and implications for further research and practice are included

    City of Hitchcock Comprehensive Plan 2020-2040

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    Hitchcock is a small town located in Galveston County (Figure 1.1), nestled up on the Texas Gulf Coast. It lies about 40 miles south-east of Houston. The boundaries of the city encloses an area of land of 60.46 sq. miles, an area of water of 31.64 sq. miles at an elevation just 16 feet above sea level. Hitchcock has more undeveloped land (~90% of total area) than the county combined. Its strategic location gives it a driving force of opportunities in the Houston-Galveston Region.The guiding principles for this planning process were Hitchcock’s vision statement and its corresponding goals, which were crafted by the task force. The goals focus on factors of growth and development including public participation, development considerations, transportation, community facilities, economic development, parks, and housing and social vulnerabilityTexas Target Communitie

    Correction to: Cluster identification, selection, and description in Cluster randomized crossover trials: the PREP-IT trials

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    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article

    Buscando la voz 4

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    Esta obra es un oportuno homenaje a la empat√≠a. Para darle voz a la iguana, a los p√°jaros, al roble y a las hormigas, es necesario detenerse un rato y hacer un esfuerzo por entenderlos, por compartir sus sentimientos. Que nuestros j√≥venes encuentren tiempo y motivaci√≥n para hacerlo nos da se√Īales de esperanza en un futuro que tendr√° en cuenta mucho m√°s que los intereses propios e inmediatos.Buscando a voz nos pone a escuchar a nuestra fauna y flora cercana, a esos seres vivos que nos acompa√Īan en nuestro d√≠a a d√≠a, en un ejercicio de modestia y comprensi√≥n construido colectivamente desde el seno de nuestra comunidad acad√©mica. Seguramente tendr√≠amos mucho que aprender de quienes no solo comparten el campus con nosotros, sino que con preocupante frecuencia tambi√©n son objeto de nuestras agreciones

    Buscando la voz 3

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    ¬ŅQu√© nos dir√≠an los seres de la naturaleza si todos tuviesen voz, si su estructura idiom√°tica pudiese ser traducida a alg√ļn tipo de lenguaje comprensible para los humanos? ¬ŅCu√°l ser√≠a el contenido de sus mensajes? Aunque no lo percibamos, la comunicaci√≥n es un fen√≥meno generalizado entre las especies vivientes y es, b√°sicamente, la transferencia de informaci√≥n de un ser a otro, lo que provoca alg√ļn tipo de cambio en el ser que obtiene, capta o interpreta la informaci√≥n. As√≠, los animales se comunican mediante se√Īales que pueden ser visuales, auditivas, qu√≠micas o t√°ctiles. De igual manera, hay comunicaci√≥n qu√≠mica en plantas y microorganismos. Si fuese posible, ¬Ņqu√© que nos dir√≠an y qu√© har√≠amos con sus puntos de vista?Bajo la iniciativa y el empuje de profesoras como Norma Esparza, Paige Poole y Martha Rodr√≠guez, de las √°reas de Arquitectura, Urbanismo y Dise√Īo, y del Instituto de Idiomas de la Universidad del Norte, se organiz√≥ para el a√Īo 2019 Buscando la voz: el Ecocampus Ideal, un concurso de cuentos cortos, de escritura creativa, cuyo tema se enfoc√≥ en la interacci√≥n entre los miembros de ecosistemas del campus uninorte√Īo

    Buscando la voz: cuentos de un campus vivo

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    Esta obra contiene nueve relatos en los que la flora y fauna del campus de Uninorte son protagonistas, y encuentran una voz para comunicar lo que piensan y sienten. Los cuentos, escritos e ilustrados con gran sensibilidad por estudiantes de pregrado de la institución, invitan a los lectores a reflexionar acerca de las acciones y actitudes que se asumen frente a la naturaleza, y a prestar mayor atención a los demás seres vivos con los que comparten el entorno

    City of Hitchcock Comprehensive Plan 2020-2040

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    Hitchcock is a small town located in Galveston County (Figure 1.1), nestled up on the Texas Gulf Coast. It lies about 40 miles south-east of Houston. The boundaries of the city encloses an area of land of 60.46 sq. miles, an area of water of 31.64 sq. miles at an elevation just 16 feet above sea level. Hitchcock has more undeveloped land (~90% of total area) than the county combined. Its strategic location gives it a driving force of opportunities in the Houston-Galveston Region.The guiding principles for this planning process were Hitchcock’s vision statement and its corresponding goals, which were crafted by the task force. The goals focus on factors of growth and development including public participation, development considerations, transportation, community facilities, economic development, parks, and housing and social vulnerabilityTexas Target Communitie

    Implementing stakeholder engagement to explore alternative models of consent: An example from the PREP-IT trials

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    Introduction: Cluster randomized crossover trials are often faced with a dilemma when selecting an optimal model of consent, as the traditional model of obtaining informed consent from participant's before initiating any trial related activities may not be suitable. We describe our experience of engaging patient advisors to identify an optimal model of consent for the PREP-IT trials. This paper also examines surrogate measures of success for the selected model of consent. Methods: The PREP-IT program consists of two multi-center cluster randomized crossover trials that engaged patient advisors to determine an optimal model of consent. Patient advisors and stakeholders met regularly and reached consensus on decisions related to the trial design including the model for consent. Patient advisors provided valuable insight on how key decisions on trial design and conduct would be received by participants and the impact these decisions will have. Results: Patient advisors, together with stakeholders, reviewed the pros and cons and the requirements for the traditional model of consent, deferred consent, and waiver of consent. Collectively, they agreed upon a deferred consent model, in which patients may be approached for consent after their fracture surgery and prior to data collection. The consent rate in PREP-IT is 80.7%, and 0.67% of participants have withdrawn consent for participation. Discussion: Involvement of patient advisors in the development of an optimal model of consent has been successful. Engagement of patient advisors is recommended for other large trials where the traditional model of consent may not be optimal

    Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: A Bibliography

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