2,795 research outputs found

    Linear optical Fredkin gate based on partial-SWAP gate

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    We propose a scheme for linear optical quantum Fredkin gate based on the combination of recently experimentally demonstrated linear optical partial SWAP gate and controlled-Z gates. Both heralded gate and simplified postselected gate operating in the coincidence basis are designed. The suggested setups have a simple structure and require stabilization of only a single Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A proof-of-principle experimental demonstration of the postselected Fredkin gate appears to be feasible and within the reach of current technology.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, RevTeX

    Collective behavior of heterogeneous neural networks

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    We investigate a network of integrate-and-fire neurons characterized by a distribution of spiking frequencies. Upon increasing the coupling strength, the model exhibits a transition from an asynchronous regime to a nontrivial collective behavior. At variance with the Kuramoto model, (i) the macroscopic dynamics is irregular even in the thermodynamic limit, and (ii) the microscopic (single-neuron) evolution is linearly stable.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Collective chaos in pulse-coupled neural networks

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    We study the dynamics of two symmetrically coupled populations of identical leaky integrate-and-fire neurons characterized by an excitatory coupling. Upon varying the coupling strength, we find symmetry-breaking transitions that lead to the onset of various chimera states as well as to a new regime, where the two populations are characterized by a different degree of synchronization. Symmetric collective states of increasing dynamical complexity are also observed. The computation of the the finite-amplitude Lyapunov exponent allows us to establish the chaoticity of the (collective) dynamics in a finite region of the phase plane. The further numerical study of the standard Lyapunov spectrum reveals the presence of several positive exponents, indicating that the microscopic dynamics is high-dimensional.Comment: 6 pages, 5 eps figures, to appear on Europhysics Letters in 201

    From anomalous energy diffusion to Levy walks and heat conductivity in one-dimensional systems

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    The evolution of infinitesimal, localized perturbations is investigated in a one-dimensional diatomic gas of hard-point particles (HPG) and thereby connected to energy diffusion. As a result, a Levy walk description, which was so far invoked to explain anomalous heat conductivity in the context of non-interacting particles is here shown to extend to the general case of truly many-body systems. Our approach does not only provide a firm evidence that energy diffusion is anomalous in the HPG, but proves definitely superior to direct methods for estimating the divergence rate of heat conductivity which turns out to be 0.333±0.0040.333\pm 0.004, in perfect agreement with the dynamical renormalization--group prediction (1/3).Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Time evolution of wave-packets in quasi-1D disordered media

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    We have investigated numerically the quantum evolution of a wave-packet in a quenched disordered medium described by a tight-binding Hamiltonian with long-range hopping (band random matrix approach). We have obtained clean data for the scaling properties in time and in the bandwidth b of the packet width and its fluctuations with respect to disorder realizations. We confirm that the fluctuations of the packet width in the steady-state show an anomalous scaling and we give a new estimate of the anomalous scaling exponent. This anomalous behaviour is related to the presence of non-Gaussian tails in the distribution of the packet width. Finally, we have analysed the steady state probability profile and we have found finite band corrections of order 1/b with respect to the theoretical formula derived by Zhirov in the limit of infinite bandwidth. In a neighbourhood of the origin, however, the corrections are O(1/b)O(1/\sqrt{b}).Comment: 19 pages, 9 Encapsulated Postscript figures; submitted to ``European Physical Journal B'

    Modified Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation: stability of stationary solutions and the consequent dynamics

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    We study the effect of a higher-order nonlinearity in the standard Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation: \partial_x \tilde G(H_x). We find that the stability of steady states depends on dv/dq, the derivative of the interface velocity on the wavevector q of the steady state. If the standard nonlinearity vanishes, coarsening is possible, in principle, only if \tilde G is an odd function of H_x. In this case, the equation falls in the category of the generalized Cahn-Hilliard equation, whose dynamical behavior was recently studied by the same authors. Instead, if \tilde G is an even function of H_x, we show that steady-state solutions are not permissible.Comment: 4 page

    Coupled transport in rotor models

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    Acknowledgement One of us (AP) wishes to acknowledge S. Flach for enlightening discussions about the relationship between the DNLS equation and the rotor model.Peer reviewedPublisher PD