2,551 research outputs found

    Poincar\'{e}'s Observation and the Origin of Tsallis Generalized Canonical Distributions

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    In this paper, we present some geometric properties of the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) Tsallis- distributions under energy constraint. In the case q > 1, these distributions are proved to be marginals of uniform distributions on the sphere; in the case q < 1, they can be constructed as conditional distribu- tions of a Cauchy law built from the same uniform distribution on the sphere using a gnomonic projection. As such, these distributions reveal the relevance of using Tsallis distributions in the microcanonical setup: an example of such application is given in the case of the ideal gas.Comment: 2 figure

    Density operators that extremize Tsallis entropy and thermal stability effects

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    Quite general, analytical (both exact and approximate) forms for discrete probability distributions (PD's) that maximize Tsallis entropy for a fixed variance are here investigated. They apply, for instance, in a wide variety of scenarios in which the system is characterized by a series of discrete eigenstates of the Hamiltonian. Using these discrete PD's as "weights" leads to density operators of a rather general character. The present study allows one to vividly exhibit the effects of non-extensivity. Varying Tsallis' non-extensivity index qq one is seen to pass from unstable to stable systems and even to unphysical situations of infinite energy.Comment: 22 page

    On a conjecture regarding Fisher information

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    Fisher's information measure plays a very important role in diverse areas of theoretical physics. The associated measures as functionals of quantum probability distributions defined in, respectively, coordinate and momentum spaces, are the protagonists of our present considerations. The product of them has been conjectured to exhibit a non trivial lower bound in [Phys. Rev. A (2000) 62 012107]. We show here that such is not the case. This is illustrated, in particular, for pure states that are solutions to the free-particle Schr\"odinger equation. In fact, we construct a family of counterexamples to the conjecture, corresponding to time-dependent solutions of the free-particle Schr\"odinger equation. We also give a new conjecture regarding any normalizable time-dependent solution of this equation.Comment: 4 pages; revised equations, results unchange

    Superstatistics Based on the Microcanonical Ensemble

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    Superstatistics is a "statistics" of "canonical-ensemble statistics". In analogy, we consider here a similar theoretical construct, but based upon the microcanonical ensemble. The mixing parameter is not the temperature but the index q associated with the non-extensive, power law entropy Sq.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

    Correlated Gaussian systems exhibiting additive power-law entropies

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    We show, on purely statistical grounds and without appeal to any physical model, that a power-law q−q-entropy SqS_q, with 0<q<10<q<1, can be {\it extensive}. More specifically, if the components XiX_i of a vector X∈RNX \in \mathbb{R}^N are distributed according to a Gaussian probability distribution ff, the associated entropy Sq(X)S_q(X) exhibits the extensivity property for special types of correlations among the XiX_i. We also characterize this kind of correlation.Comment: 2 figure
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