10 research outputs found

    A simple biodiversity assessment scheme supporting nature-friendly farm management

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    Farmers are important actors for regional development and biodiversity protection. Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM) are therefore a central tool of the European Union to support its biodiversity conservation policy. AECM generally reward farmers for fulfilling predefined management actions or avoiding specific practices. In contrast, result oriented AECM are intended to reward farmers for the outcome of nature friendly management practices. This approach gives more flexibility in management and hence promotes farmers engagement and autonomy. Besides educational activities and agricultural advisory services farmers need user friendly tools to assess biodiversity in order to meet result oriented AECM. Thus, we present a biodiversity assessment scheme for farmland using a set of indicators, which covers different aspects of biodiversity (flower colour index, butterfly abundance, landscape structuring degree, patch diversity index, aggregated biodiversity index) and can be applied at different spatial scales. The assessment scheme is applied on 44 farms in five countries (France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, and Austria). To evaluate its appropriateness the relationship between the indicators and land-use intensity and plant species richness is investigated. Grasslands with low land-use intensity are more colourful grasslands, have significantly more butterflies and a higher aggregated biodiversity index than moderately and intensively used grasslands. The influence of management intensity on the landscape structuring degree is not significant. All indicators correlate with plant species richness at all spatial scales. The proposed assessment scheme serves as a tool for the detection of differences in biodiversity resulting from land-use practices, and can assist the monitoring of ROMs

    Ergebnisorientierte Massnahmen zur Förderung der BiodiversitĂ€t in der Berglandwirtschaft - Ein Handbuch fĂŒr die Politik

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    Das Handbuch enthĂ€lt: - Eine EinfĂŒhrung in ergebnisorientierte Massnahmen Projekt MERIT - Einen Überblick ĂŒber die Vor- und Nachteile ergebnisorientierte Massnahmen - Wissenschaftlich fundierte Empfehlungen fĂŒr die Gestaltung, Umsetzung und Governance ergebnisorientierter BiodiversitĂ€tsfördermassnahmen in der Berglandwirtschaft - Beispiel von ergebnisorientierten Massnahmen in Europ

    Result-oriented Measures for Biodiversity in Mountain Farming - A Policy Handbook

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    The handbook includes: - An introduction to result-oriented measures - An overview of the advantages and disadvantages of result-oriented measures - Specific recommendations for the design, implementation and governance of resultoriented measures for biodiversity in mountain farming - Examples of result-oriented measures that have been implemente

    Case report Is Duplex-Ultrasound a useful tool in defining rejection episodes in composite tissue allograft transplants?

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    Abstract Immunologic reactions in transplanted organs are in more or less all allograft patients detectable: clear parameters exist as e.g. in renal transplants where the clearance power reduces by rejection. On the contrary, in composite tissue allografts clear and objective indicators stating a rejection episode lack. We present the case of a hand-transplanted subject with signs of acute transplant rejection diagnosed by means of Duplex Ultrasound and confirmed by biopsy

    A simple biodiversity assessment scheme supporting nature-friendly farm management

    No full text
    International audienceFarmers are important actors for regional development and biodiversity protection. Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM) are therefore a central tool of the European Union to support its biodiversity conservation policy. AECM generally reward farmers for fulfilling predefined management actions or avoiding specific practices. In contrast, result oriented AECM are intended to reward farmers for the outcome of nature friendly management practices. This approach gives more flexibility in management and hence promotes farmers engagement and autonomy. Besides educational activities and agricultural advisory services farmers need user friendly tools to assess biodiversity in order to meet result oriented AECM. Thus, we present a biodiversity assessment scheme for farmland using a set of indicators, which covers different aspects of biodiversity (flower colour index, butterfly abundance, landscape structuring degree, patch diversity index, aggregated biodiversity index) and can be applied at different spatial scales. The assessment scheme is applied on 44 farms in five countries (France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, and Austria). To evaluate its appropriateness the relationship between the indicators and land-use intensity and plant species richness is investigated. Grasslands with low land-use intensity are more colourful grasslands, have significantly more butterflies and a higher aggregated biodiversity index than moderately and intensively used grasslands. The influence of management intensity on the landscape structuring degree is not significant. All indicators correlate with plant species richness at all spatial scales. The proposed assessment scheme serves as a tool for the detection of differences in biodiversity resulting from land-use practices, and can assist the monitoring of ROMs

    Result-oriented Measures for Biodiversity in Mountain Farming. A Policy Handbook

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    International audienceThis handbook is based on the results, reports, deliverables and user fora of a project entitled ‘Merit based income from sustainable land management in mountain farming’ (MERIT). This research was carried out under the RURAGRI programme ; an ERA-NET supported by the European Commission and national governmental funding bodies under the 7th EU Framework research Programme (FP 7, CA 235175).This handbook is targeted at policy makers from governmental bodies, public authorities, farmers’ associations as well as other private or public organizations involved and interested in the development and implementation of agri-environmental policies. It provides information about the implementation of result-oriented agri-environmental measures, a relatively new approach of preserving, enhancing and supporting biodiversity on agricultural areas: here, in the context of meadows and pastures and other habitats and landscape elements in mountain regions in Europe. The handbook provides policy recommendations for the effective design, implementation and governance of such measures that can be adopted by public bodies (governments, other responsible administrative bodies) as well as private organisations (NGOs or food chain managers)

    Result-oriented Measures for Biodiversity in Mountain Farming. A Policy Handbook

    No full text
    International audienceThis handbook is based on the results, reports, deliverables and user fora of a project entitled ‘Merit based income from sustainable land management in mountain farming’ (MERIT). This research was carried out under the RURAGRI programme ; an ERA-NET supported by the European Commission and national governmental funding bodies under the 7th EU Framework research Programme (FP 7, CA 235175).This handbook is targeted at policy makers from governmental bodies, public authorities, farmers’ associations as well as other private or public organizations involved and interested in the development and implementation of agri-environmental policies. It provides information about the implementation of result-oriented agri-environmental measures, a relatively new approach of preserving, enhancing and supporting biodiversity on agricultural areas: here, in the context of meadows and pastures and other habitats and landscape elements in mountain regions in Europe. The handbook provides policy recommendations for the effective design, implementation and governance of such measures that can be adopted by public bodies (governments, other responsible administrative bodies) as well as private organisations (NGOs or food chain managers)

    MedienrÀume

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    Die Mehrdeutigkeit des Schlagwortes Raum zieht vielschichtige Interpretationen, Fragestellungen, Theorien und Analysemethoden fĂŒr die Kategorie des Raumlichen nach sich. Diese Pluralitatder Deutungen und disziplinaren Zugange gilt in ahnlicher Weise fĂŒr den Untersuchungsgegenstand Medien. Der vorliegende Sammelband biindelt Forschungsansatze aus so unterschiedlichen Disziplinen wie Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, Bildungswissenschaft, Sprachwissenschaft, Ethnologie, GĂ©ographie und Architektur. Auf der einen Seite zeigen sich rĂ©gionale Medienraume eng mit dem globalen Mediensystem verwoben. Auf der anderen Seite kann zwischen materiellen und immateriellen Raumen unterschieden werden. Wahrend einige Beitrage dieses reichhaltige Forschungsgebiet theoretisch abstecken, zeigen einige Beitrage mögliche AnknĂŒpfungspunkte fĂŒr die Praxis auf

    MedienrÀume

    No full text
    Die Mehrdeutigkeit des Schlagwortes Raum zieht vielschichtige Interpretationen, Fragestellungen, Theorien und Analysemethoden fĂŒr die Kategorie des Raumlichen nach sich. Diese Pluralitatder Deutungen und disziplinaren Zugange gilt in ahnlicher Weise fĂŒr den Untersuchungsgegenstand Medien. Der vorliegende Sammelband biindelt Forschungsansatze aus so unterschiedlichen Disziplinen wie Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, Bildungswissenschaft, Sprachwissenschaft, Ethnologie, GĂ©ographie und Architektur. Auf der einen Seite zeigen sich rĂ©gionale Medienraume eng mit dem globalen Mediensystem verwoben. Auf der anderen Seite kann zwischen materiellen und immateriellen Raumen unterschieden werden. Wahrend einige Beitrage dieses reichhaltige Forschungsgebiet theoretisch abstecken, zeigen einige Beitrage mögliche AnknĂŒpfungspunkte fĂŒr die Praxis auf
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