227 research outputs found

    Benchmark Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of the ground-state kinetic, interaction, and total energy of the three-dimensional electron gas

    Get PDF
    We report variational and diffusion Quantum Monte Carlo ground-state energies of the three-dimensional electron gas using a model periodic Coulomb interaction and backflow corrections for N=54, 102, 178, and 226 electrons. We remove finite-size effects by extrapolation and we find lower energies than previously reported. Using the Hellman-Feynman operator sampling method introduced in Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 126406 (2007), we compute accurately, within the fixed-node pproximation, the separate kinetic and interaction contributions to the total ground-state energy. The difference between the interaction energies obtained from the original Slater-determinant nodes and the backflow-displaced nodes is found to be considerably larger than the difference between the corresponding kinetic energies

    Optical absorption and energy-loss spectra of aligned carbon nanotubes

    Get PDF
    Optical-absorption cross-sections and energy-loss spectra of aligned multishell carbon nanotubes are investigated, on the basis of photonic band-structure calculations. A local graphite-like dielectric tensor is assigned to every point of the tubules, and the effective transverse dielectric function of the composite is computed by solving Maxwell's equations in media with tensor-like dielectric functions. A Maxwell-Garnett-like approach appropriate to the case of infinitely long anisotropic tubules is also developed. Our full calculations indicate that the experimentally measured macroscopic dielectric function of carbon nanotube materials is the result of a strong electromagnetic coupling between the tubes. An analysis of the electric-field pattern associated with this coupling is presented, showing that in the close-packed regime the incident radiation excites a very localized tangential surface plasmon.Comment: 7 pages, 12 figures, to appear in Eur. Phys. J.

    Ab initio calculations of the dynamical response of copper

    Full text link
    The role of localized dd-bands in the dynamical response of Cu is investigated, on the basis of {\em ab initio} pseudopotential calculations. The density-response function is evaluated in both the random-phase approximation (RPA) and a time-dependent local-density functional approximation (TDLDA). Our results indicate that in addition to providing a polarizable background which lowers the free-electron plasma frequency, d-electrons are responsible, at higher energies and small momenta, for a double-peak structure in the dynamical structure factor. These results are in agreement with the experimentally determined optical response of copper. We also analyze the dependence of dynamical scattering cross sections on the momentum transfer.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Exchange and correlation effects in the relaxation of hot electrons in noble metals

    Full text link
    We report extensive first-principles calculations of the inelastic lifetime of low-energy electrons in the noble metals Cu, Ag, and Au. The quasiparticle self-energy is computed with full inclusion of exchange and correlation (xc) effects, in the framework of the GW\Gamma approximation of many-body theory. Although exchange and correlation may considerably reduce both the screening and the bare interaction of hot electrons with the Fermi gas, these corrections have opposite signs. Our results indicate that the overall effect of short-range xc is small and GW\Gamma linewidths are close to their xc-free G^0W^0 counterparts, as occurs in the case of a free-electron gas.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures. To appear in Phys. Rev.
    • …