1,211 research outputs found

    High energy bremsstrahlung at the FCC-ee, FCC-eh and LHeC

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    Bremsstrahlung spectra will be strongly distorted due to small lateral beam sizes at future colliders. That in turn will have large consequences for the electron and positron beam lifetimes as well as for the luminosity measurements in the case of electron-hadron colliders. We discuss in detail such consequences for the Future Circular Collider and Large Hadron electron Collider cases

    GASTOF: Ultra-fast ToF forward detector for exclusive processes at the LHC

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    GASTOF (Gas Time-of-Flight) detector is a Cherenkov detector proposed for very precise (10--20 ps) arrival time measurements of forward protons at some 420 m from the central detectors of CMS and ATLAS. Such an excellent time resolution will allow by z-by-timing technique for precise measurement of the z-coordinate of the event vertex in exclusive production at the LHC, when two colliding protons are scattered at very small angles. In the paper we present first GASTOF prototype, simulations of its performance as well as first tests using a cosmic muon telescope.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, presented at the conference ''Physics at LHC'', Krakow, June 200

    Observation of the beam-size effect at HERA

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    A precise measurement of the spectrum of the photons from epep bremsstrahlung with the ZEUS luminosity monitor at HERA is reported. The measurement shows a reduced rate compared to the Bethe-Heitler spectrum for photon energies below 5~GeV. This suppression, called the beam-size effect, is explained by the finite transverse size of the beam overlap relative to the typical impact parameter in the process of epep bremsstrahlung at HERA energies.Comment: 12 pages, late

    Central μ+μ−\mu^{+}\mu^{-} production via photon-photon fusion in proton-proton collisions with proton dissociation

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    We present a formalism which uses fluxes of equivalent photons including transverse momenta of the intermediate photons. The formalism reminds the familiar ktk_t-factorization approach used, e.g., to study the two-photon production of ccˉc\bar{c} or bbˉb\bar{b} pairs. The results of the new method are compared with those obtained using the code LPAIR, and a good agreement is obtained. The inclusion of the photon transverse momenta is necessary in studies of correlation observables. We present distributions for the dimuon invariant mass, transverse momentum of the muon pair and relative azimuthal angle between muons separately for elastic-elastic, elastic-inelastic, inelastic-elastic and inelastic-inelastic mechanisms. For typical experimental cuts all mechanisms give similar contributions. The results are shown for different sets of cuts relevant for the LHC experiments. The cross sections in different regions of phase space depend on F2F_2 structure function in different regions of xx and Q2Q^2. A comment on F2F_2 is made.Comment: 24 pages, 36 figures, 2 table

    Detection of two-photon exclusive production of supersymmetric pairs at the LHC

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    The detection of pairs of sleptons, charginos and charged higgs bosons produced via photon-photon fusion at the LHC is studied, assuming a couple of benchmark points of the MSSM model. Due to low cross sections, it requires large integrated luminosity, but thanks to the striking signature of these exclusive processes the backgrounds are low, and are well known. Very forward proton detectors can be used to measure the photon energies, allowing for direct determination of masses of the lightest SUSY particle, of selectrons and smuons with a few GeV resolution. Finally, the detection and mass measurement of quasi-stable particles predicted by the so-called sweet spot supersymmetry is discussed.Comment: 9 pages, 5 tables, 8 figures. Talk given at the Workshop on "High-energy photon collisions at the LHC", April 22-25, 2008, CERN, Switzerland. To appear in the proceeding

    Erratum: Measurement of D± production in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

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    Erratum to: JHEP05(2013)09

    Detection of two-photon exclusive production of supersymmetric pairs at the LHC

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    The detection of pairs of sleptons, charginos and charged higgs bosons produced via photon-photon fusion at the LHC is studied, assuming a couple of benchmark points of the MSSM model. Due to low cross sections, it requires large integrated luminosity, but thanks to the striking signature of these exclusive processes the backgrounds are low, and are well known. Very forward proton detectors can be used to measure the photon energies, allowing for direct determination of masses of the lightest SUSY particle, of selectrons and smuons with a few GeV resolution. Finally, the detection and mass measurement of quasi-stable particles predicted by the so-called sweet spot supersymmetry is discussed. Comment: 9 pages, 5 tables, 8 figures. Talk given at the Workshop on "High-energy photon collisions at the LHC", April 22-25, 2008, CERN, Switzerland. To appear in the proceeding

    As an Introduction: Quest for New Physics in Photon-Photon Interactions at the LHC

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    A significant fraction of pp collisions at the LHC will involve (quasi-real) photon interactions occurring at energies well beyond the electroweak energy scale. Hence, the LHC can to some extend be considered as a high-energy photon-photon or photon-proton collider. This offers a unique possibility for novel and complementary research where the available effective luminosity is small, relative to parton-parton interactions, but it is compensated by better known initial conditions and usually simpler final states. This is in a way a method for approaching some of the issues to be addressed by the future lepton collider. Such studies of photon interactions are possible at the LHC, thanks to the striking experimental signatures of events involving photon exchanges, in particular the presence of very forward scattered protons.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures; Contribution to Proceedings of the CERN workshop on High Energy Photon Collisions at the LHC, April 21-25, 200
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