346 research outputs found

    Documents in the Dynarchive: Questioning the Total Revolution of the Digital Archive

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    The digital archive is often described in opposition to its physical counterpart. Media theorist Wolfgang Ernst has coined the term “dynarchive” to describe the former, a phrase that neatly contrasts digital archival remixability with the statis of the physical archive and its hierarchical fond structure. The article both uses and questions this characterization by examining the archive’s physical and digital document practices in three areas: (1) Hierarchical collection description versus individual document description; (2) Original order versus relevance-based results; and (3) Archival selection practices and the illusion of completeness. Archival structure and description have been central to the authority and evidentiary value of archival documents. Yet both the market logics of the internet and criticism from historically oppressed groups have challenged these connections. Using the dynarchive as a conceptual frame, this article examines archival digitization\u27s potential for decolonization of the archive via its fragmentation into a non-hierarchical web of interrelated documents

    What Is a Lesbian Document? Platforming Archival Description, Documents, and History in Sweden

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    As Joanna Drucker (2014) convincingly argues, “Most information visualizations are acts of interpretation masquerading as presentation (p. 10). This article investigates the visuality and built-in argumentations of the Alvin interface for digitized Swedish cultural heritage, focusing on how the platform defines a document and the effects this definition has on the accessibility and interconnectedness of documents related to lesbian and feminist histories. This paper addresses how (failed) systematization and an emphasis on large quantities of documents and metadata breathes new life into outdated historiographies and renders documents and information related to feminist and lesbian histories and connections between these histories invisible. In doing so, platforms reinstitute divisions and stereotypes about feminist and lesbian history criticized by Adrienne Rich in her seminal essay “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Platform designers must begin to take seriously queer and feminist researchers\u27 emphasis on context and the need to build flexibility, interconnectivity across private/public boundaries, fuzziness, and incompleteness into cultural heritage platforms from the outset


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    ABSTRACTPaddle Ball as Politics: The Role of Sociability in the United States Congress in the SixtiesScholars have traditionally approached the legislative process as a systematic weighing and balancing constituency desires, party loyalties, ideological beliefs, and national goals. However, legislatures do not make their decisions in a vacuum, and the individuals who constitute a legislature remain subject to the ever-changing traditions and social norms that govern behavior in the Capitol. Congress was constantly made and remade through the repetition of gendered behaviors, traditions, and systematized rhetoric. The prevalence of male-only activities increased comity and greased the wheels of policymaking, influenced which congressmen attained institutional power, and eased the daily work life of those men who simply wanted to be popular amongst their peers. At the same time, this multitude of spatial restrictions, discursive slights, and everyday difficulties signaled to female legislators that they were not a natural element within congressional life. In the 1970s, the women’s movement would provide tools thatcongresswomen could use to challenge these social norms and gendered hierarchies. But through the 1960s, this masculine sociability, grounded in tradition, allowed men in Congress to retain power over what they perceived as their U.S. Congress and their legislative process

    Sites of exception

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    My thesis focuses on photographing communal spaces throughout North Carolina. Uninhabited most of the time and not overtly commercial in use, these sites remain predominantly unaccounted for by domestic or market-driven considerations, yet make up a significant part of the region. It is the relational-experiential places that I am initially curious to photograph. Often structured in counter-distinction to dominant cultural trends, these communal spaces exist, historically, as sites of exception. By photographing these sites, I hope to introduce questions that explore impulses evidenced in these structures. What is it to gather? What is it to participate in, to form and reform communities? A site also, the photograph offers a means of alternative inquiry and – in considering its own constrained frame – the potential for dialogue into the limits by which sites are sustained. It is often by way of the slant, suggestive evidence of the photograph that intricacies of cultural signification may begin to be seen

    Benefit finding among parents of young children with type 1 diabetes

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    Benefit finding, perceived positive effects of adversity, has been associated with psychological well‐being in people with chronic illnesses and with better adherence for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Our qualitative research with parents of young children (< 6 years old) with T1D indicated that benefit finding (BF) is a common parental coping mechanism, but no tools exist to measure BF in parents. We determined psychometric properties of the Diabetes Benefit Finding Scale for Parents (DBFS‐P), a 16‐item questionnaire adapted from the validated adolescent version. Parents of young children with T1D (n = 172) were participants in a randomized trial of an online intervention. We examined the DBFS‐P factor structure through principal component analysis (PCA); internal consistency through Cronbach’s alpha; convergent validity via bivariate correlations between the DBFS‐P and measures of parental depression, anxiety, T1D self‐efficacy, and hypoglycemia fear; and discriminant validity via bivariate correlations between the DBFS‐P and measures of parental somatization and child behavior problems. PCA revealed one factor (56.47% variance) with Cronbach’s α = 0.95. Convergent validity of the DBFS‐P was supported by significant correlations with parental depression (r = −0.35, P < 0.001), anxiety (r = −0.20, P = 0.008), T1D self‐efficacy (r = 0.36, P < 0.001), and hypoglycemia fear (r = 0.27, P < 0.001). Non‐significant correlations with parental somatization (r = −0.06, P = 0.42) and child behavior problems (r = −0.12, P = 0.14) support its discriminant validity. The DBFS‐P demonstrated good psychometric properties as a tool for assessing BF among caregivers.Peer Reviewedhttps://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/150510/1/pedi12860_am.pdfhttps://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/150510/2/pedi12860.pd

    Male Remating Success and the Frequency of Copulatory Plugs in the Green Lynx Spider Peucetia viridans (Araneae, Oxyopidae)

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    Peucetia viridans males were allowed to mate with three virgin females and most matings resulted in live spiderlings, even when males lacked palpal paracymbial processes. Among females, the presence of copulatory plugs was inconsistent, and when present, their condition was not uniform; broken-off male paracymbia were often found in epigynal orifices. There was no size effect in a male’s ability to completely plug a female’s genital orifices, as well as no significant change in the pattern of plug production over consecutive mating trials. Among mated, field-collected females, the presence of plugs and paracymbia was variable, with females from some sites possessing neither structure. Field-collected females with no plugs were in significantly better condition than those with two plugs and in nearly significantly better condition than those with two paracymbia. Females in the best condition may excel at resisting the emplacement of genital obstructions and/or voiding such structures, potentially enabling them to mate with multiple males. Enhanced prey access mediated by increased water availability may be why females at two sites were in relatively better condition. If plugs help prevent sperm desiccation in inseminated females, this may have contributed to the absence of plugs from females at these two moister sites

    Feasibility and Acceptability of Methods to Collect Follow-Up Information From Parents 12 Months After Their Child's Emergency Admission to Pediatric Intensive Care.

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    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of different methods of collecting follow-up data from parents 12 months after their child's emergency admission to a PICU. DESIGN: Mixed-methods explanatory sequential design. SETTING: One regional PICU transport service and three PICUs in England. PATIENTS: Children undergoing emergency transport to PICU recruited to an ongoing biomarker study whose parents consented to be contacted for follow-up 12 months after PICU admission. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Parents or guardians who consented were asked to complete three questionnaires about their child's functional status, quality of life, and behavior 12 months after PICU admission. Parents were given a choice about method of questionnaire completion: postal, online, or telephone interview and also asked for telephone feedback about the process and the reasons for their choice. Of 486 parents who consented to be contacted at 12 months, 232 were successfully contacted. Consent to receive questionnaires was obtained in 218 of 232 (94%). Of the 218 parents, 102 (47%) chose to complete questionnaires online (with 77% completion rate), 91 (42%) chose to complete postal questionnaires (48% completion rate), and 25 (11%) chose to complete questionnaires by telephone interview (44% completion rate). CONCLUSIONS: Parents expressed different preferences for follow-up questionnaire completion. Response rates varied by completion method. Understanding and catering for parental preferences is an important factor in maximizing response rates for follow-up studies in intensive care