303 research outputs found

    First principles theory of the EPR g-tensor in solids: defects in quartz

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    A theory for the reliable prediction of the EPR g-tensor for paramagnetic defects in solids is presented. It is based on density functional theory and on the gauge including projector augmented wave (GIPAW) approach to the calculation of all-electron magnetic response. The method is validated by comparison with existing quantum chemical and experimental data for a selection of diatomic radicals. We thenperform the first prediction of EPR g{\rm g} -tensors in the solid state and find the results to be in excellent agreement with experiment for the E1E'_1 and substitutional P defect centers in quartz.Comment: 5 pages, 4 table

    Pressure-induced s-band ferromagnetism in alkali metals

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    First-principles density-functional-theory calculations show that compression of alkali metals stabilizes open structures with localized interstitial electrons which may exhibit a Stoner-type instability towards ferromagnetism. We find ferromagnetic phases of the lithium-IV-type, simple cubic, and simple hexagonal structures in the heavier alkali metals, which may be described as s-band ferromagnets. We predict that the most stable phases of potassium at low temperatures and pressures around 20 GPa are ferromagnets.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Structural Properties of Lanthanide and Actinide Compounds within the Plane Wave Pseudopotential Approach

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    [[abstract]]We show that plane wave ultrasoft pseudopotential methods readily extend to the calculation of the structural properties of lanthanide and actinide containing compounds. This is demonstrated through a series of calculations performed on UO, UO2, UO3, U3O8, UC2, α-CeC2, CeB6, CeSe, CeO2, NdB6, TmOI, LaBi, LaTiO3, YbO, and elemental Lu.[[incitationindex]]SCI[[booktype]]紙本[[booktype]]電子

    Hydrogen/nitrogen/oxygen defect complexes in silicon from computational searches

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    Point defect complexes in crystalline silicon composed of hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms are studied within density-functional theory (DFT). Ab initio Random Structure Searching (AIRSS) is used to find low-energy defect structures. We find new lowest-energy structures for several defects: the triple-oxygen defect, {3O}, triple oxygen with a nitrogen atom, {N, 3O}, triple nitrogen with an oxygen atom, {3N,O}, double hydrogen and an oxygen atom, {2H,O}, double hydrogen and oxygen atoms, {2H,2O} and four hydrogen/nitrogen/oxygen complexes, {H,N,O}, {2H,N,O}, {H,2N,O} and {H,N,2O}. We find that some defects form analogous structures when an oxygen atom is replaced by a NH group, for example, {H,N,2O} and {3O}, and {H,N} and {O}. We compare defect formation energies obtained using different oxygen chemical potentials and investigate the relative abundances of the defects.Comment: 9 pages, 13 figure