51 research outputs found

### Background Estimation in a Gravitational Wave Experiment

The problem to estimate the background due to accidental coincidences in the
search for coincidences in gravitational wave experiments is discussed. The use
of delayed coincidences obtained by orderly shifting the event times of one of
the two detectors is shown to be the most correctComment: Latex file. 6 pages, 3 figures. Submitted to the proceeding of the 3
GWDAW workshop (Rome, dic 1999) (International journal of Modern physics D

### Validating delta-filters for resonant bar detectors of improved bandwidth foreseeing the future coincidence with interferometers

The classical delta filters used in the current resonant bar experiments for
detecting GW bursts are viable when the bandwidth of resonant bars is few Hz.
In that case, the incoming GW burst is likely to be viewed as an impulsive
signal in a very narrow frequency window. After making improvements in the
read-out with new transducers and high sensitivity dc-SQUID, the
Explorer-Nautilus have improved the bandwidth ($\sim 20$ Hz) at the sensitivity
level of $10^{-20}/\sqrt{Hz}$. Thus, it is necessary to reassess this
assumption of delta-like signals while building filters in the resonant bars as
the filtered output crucially depends on the shape of the waveform. This is
presented with an example of GW signals -- stellar quasi-normal modes, by
estimating the loss in SNR and the error in the timing, when the GW signal is
filtered with the delta filter as compared to the optimal filter.Comment: 7 pages, presented in Amaldi6, accepted for publication in Journal of
Physics: Conference Serie

### #7 - Cluster characterization and veto analysis of the FrequencyHough all-sky continuous gravitational wave search

Continuous gravitational waves (CWs) can be produced by rotating neutron stars with an asymmetric mass distribution about their axis of rotation. The FrequencyHough search is an all-sky search for these signals, and the large parameter space considered introduces computational limits into the pipeline. We investigate the distributions of candidates produced by earlier stages in the pipeline, and propose the mechanisms within the pipeline that produce these effects. We also characterize the performance of two steps, a veto and ranking procedure, used to reduce the number of candidates within the FrequencyHough pipeline. We found the distance metric in the parameter space is an effective tool to compare the similarity between candidates but is not as effective for comparing clusters formed from those candidates

### Coherent search of continuous gravitational wave signals: extension of the 5-vectors method to a network of detectors

We describe the extension to multiple datasets of a coherent method for the
search of continuous gravitational wave signals, based on the computation of
5-vectors. In particular, we show how to coherently combine different datasets
belonging to the same detector or to different detectors. In the latter case
the coherent combination is the way to have the maximum increase in
signal-to-noise ratio. If the datasets belong to the same detector the
advantage comes mainly from the properties of a quantity called {\it coherence}
which is helpful (in both cases, in fact) in rejecting false candidates. The
method has been tested searching for simulated signals injected in Gaussian
noise and the results of the simulations are discussed.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figures. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, in pres

### Gravitational waves: search results, data analysis and parameter estimation

The Amaldi 10 Parallel Session C2 on gravitational wave (GW) search results, data analysis and parameter estimation included three lively sessions of lectures by 13 presenters, and 34 posters. The talks and posters covered a huge range of material, including results and analysis techniques for ground-based GW detectors, targeting anticipated signals from different astrophysical sources: compact binary inspiral, merger and ringdown; GW bursts from intermediate mass binary black hole mergers, cosmic string cusps, core-collapse supernovae, and other unmodeled sources; continuous waves from spinning neutron stars; and a stochastic GW background. There was considerable emphasis on Bayesian techniques for estimating the parameters of coalescing compact binary systems from the gravitational waveforms extracted from the data from the advanced detector network. This included methods to distinguish deviations of the signals from what is expected in the context of General Relativity

### A method for narrow-band searches of continuous gravitational wave signals

Targeted searches of continuous waves from spinning neutron stars normally
assume that the frequency of the gravitational wave signal is at a given known
ratio with respect to the rotational frequency of the source, e.g. twice for an
asymmetric neutron star rotating around a principal axis of inertia. In fact
this assumption may well be invalid if, for instance, the gravitational wave
signal is due to a solid core rotating at a slightly different rate with
respect to the star crust. In this paper we present a method for {\it
narrow-band} searches of continuous gravitational wave signals from known
pulsars in the data of interferometric detectors. This method assumes source
position is known to high accuracy, while a small frequency and spin-down range
around the electromagnetic-inferred values is explored. Barycentric and
spin-down corrections are done with an efficient time-domain procedure.
Sensitivity and computational efficiency estimates are given and results of
tests done using simulated data are also discussed.Comment: 13 pages; 6 figures; accepted in PR

### Novel directed search strategy to detect continuous gravitational waves from neutron stars in low- and high-eccentricity binary systems

We describe a novel, very fast and robust, directed search incoherent method
for periodic gravitational waves (GWs) from neutron stars in binary systems. As
directed search, we assume the source sky position to be known with enough
accuracy, but all other parameters are supposed to be unknown. We exploit the
frequency-modulation due to source orbital motion to unveil the signal
signature by commencing from a collection of time and frequency peaks. We
validate our pipeline adding 131 artificial continuous GW signals from pulsars
in binary systems to simulated detector Gaussian noise, characterized by a
power spectral density Sh = 4x10^-24 Hz^-1/2 in the frequency interval [70,
200] Hz, which is overall commensurate with the advanced detector design
sensitivities. The pipeline detected 128 signals, and the weakest signal
injected and detected has a GW strain amplitude of ~10^-24, assuming one month
of gapless data collected by a single advanced detector. We also provide
sensitivity estimations, which show that, for a single- detector data covering
one month of observation time, depending on the source orbital Doppler
modulation, we can detect signals with an amplitude of ~7x10^-25. By using
three detectors, and one year of data, we would easily gain more than a factor
3 in sensitivity, translating into being able to detect weaker signals. We also
discuss the parameter estimate proficiency of our method, as well as
computational budget, which is extremely cheap. In fact, sifting one month of
single-detector data and 131 Hz-wide frequency range takes roughly 2.4 CPU
hours. Due to the high computational speed, the current procedure can be
readily applied in ally-sky schemes, sieving in parallel as many sky positions
as permitted by the available computational power

### Data analysis of gravitational-wave signals from spinning neutron stars. IV. An all-sky search

We develop a set of data analysis tools for a realistic all-sky search for
continuous gravitational-wave signals. The methods that we present apply to
data from both the resonant bar detectors that are currently in operation and
the laser interferometric detectors that are in the final stages of
construction and commissioning. We show that with our techniques we shall be
able to perform an all-sky 2-day long coherent search of the narrow-band data
from the resonant bar EXPLORER with no loss of signals with the dimensionless
amplitude greater than $2.8\times10^{-23}$.Comment: REVTeX, 26 pages, 1 figure, submitted to Phys. Rev.

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