725 research outputs found

    Maps on density operators preserving quantum f-divergences

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    For an arbitrary strictly convex function f defined on the non-negative real line we determine the structure of all transformations on the set of density operators which preserve the quantum f-divergence

    Structure of sufficient quantum coarse-grainings

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    Let H and K be Hilbert spaces and T be a coarse-graining from B(H) to B(K). Assume that density matrices D_1 and D_2 acting on H are given. In the paper the consequences of the existence of a coarse-graining S from B(K) to B(H) satisfying ST(D_1)=D_1 and ST(D_2)=D_2 are given. (This condition means the sufficiency of T for D_1 and D_2.) Sufficiency implies a particular decomposition of the density matrices. This decomposition allows to deduce the exact condition for equality in the strong subadditivity of the von Neumann entropy.Comment: 13 pages, LATE

    Complementarity and the algebraic structure of 4-level quantum systems

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    The history of complementary observables and mutual unbiased bases is reviewed. A characterization is given in terms of conditional entropy of subalgebras. The concept of complementarity is extended to non-commutative subalgebras. Complementary decompositions of a 4-level quantum system are described and a characterization of the Bell basis is obtained.Comment: 19 page

    Large deviations for functions of two random projection matrices

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    In this paper two independent and unitarily invariant projection matrices P(N) and Q(N) are considered and the large deviation is proven for the eigenvalue density of all polynomials of them as the matrix size NN converges to infinity. The result is formulated on the tracial state space TS(A)TS({\cal A}) of the universal C∗C^*-algebra A{\cal A} generated by two selfadjoint projections. The random pair (P(N),Q(N))(P(N),Q(N)) determines a random tracial state τN∈TS(A)\tau_N \in TS({\cal A}) and τN\tau_N satisfies the large deviation. The rate function is in close connection with Voiculescu's free entropy defined for pairs of projections.Comment: 22 page

    Symmetry Reduction of Quasi-Free States

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    Given a group-invariant quasi-free state on the algebra of canonical commutation relations (CCR), we show how group averaging techniques can be used to obtain a symmetry reduced CCR algebra and reduced quasi-free state. When the group is compact this method of symmetry reduction leads to standard results which can be obtained using other methods. When the group is non-compact the group averaging prescription relies upon technically favorable conditions which we delineate. As an example, we consider symmetry reduction of the usual vacuum state for a Klein-Gordon field on Minkowski spacetime by a non-compact subgroup of the Poincar\'e group consisting of a 1-parameter family of boosts, a 1-parameter family of spatial translations and a set of discrete translations. We show that the symmetry reduced CCR algebra and vacuum state correspond to that used by each of Berger, Husain, and Pierri for the polarized Gowdy T3{\bf T}^3 quantum gravity model.Comment: 18 page

    Point Estimation of States of Finite Quantum Systems

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    The estimation of the density matrix of a kk-level quantum system is studied when the parametrization is given by the real and imaginary part of the entries and they are estimated by independent measurements. It is established that the properties of the estimation procedure depend very much on the invertibility of the true state. In particular, in case of a pure state the estimation is less efficient. Moreover, several estimation schemes are compared for the unknown state of a qubit when one copy is measured at a time. It is shown that the average mean quadratic error matrix is the smallest if the applied observables are complementary. The results are illustrated by computer simulations.Comment: 16 pages, 5 figure

    On Mutual Information in Multipartite Quantum States and Equality in Strong Subadditivity of Entropy

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    The challenge of equality in the strong subadditivity inequality of entropy is approached via a general additivity of correlation information in terms of nonoverlapping clusters of subsystems in multipartite states (density operators). A family of tripartite states satisfying equality is derived.Comment: 8 pages; Latex2e and Revtex
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