1,642 research outputs found

    Emile Petitot: Un Capitolo Di Storia Delle Esplorazioni Canadesi, by Simonetta Ballo Alagna

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    Modeling Lepton-Nucleon Inelastic Scattering from High to Low Momentum Transfer

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    We present a model for inclusive charged lepton-nucleon and (anti)neutrino-nucleon cross sections at momentum transfer squared, Q2Q^2, ∼1GeV2\sim1 {\rm GeV}^2. We quantify the impact of existing low-Q charged-lepton deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) data on effects due to high-twist operators and on the extraction of parton distribution functions (PDFs). No evidence is found for twist-6 contributions to structure functions (SF), and for a twist-4 term in the logitudinal SF at x≳0.1x\gtrsim0.1. We find that DIS data are consistent with the NNLO QCD approximation with the target mass and phenomenological high twist corrections. For Q2<1GeV2Q^2<1 {\rm GeV}^2, we extend extrapolation of the operator product expansion, preserving the low-QQ current-conservation theorems. The procedure yields a good description of data down to Q2∼0.5GeV2Q^2\sim 0.5 {\rm GeV}^2. An updated set of PDFs with reduced uncertainty and applicable down to small momentum transfers in the lepton-nucleon scattering is obtained.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures, proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Neutrino-Nucleus Interactions in the Few-GeV Region (NuInt07), Batavia, Illinois, 30 May - 3 Jun 200

    A Comprehensive Analysis of Multilayer Community Detection Algorithms for Application to EEG-Based Brain Networks

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    Modular organization is an emergent property of brain networks, responsible for shaping communication processes and underpinning brain functioning. Moreover, brain networks are intrinsically multilayer since their attributes can vary across time, subjects, frequency, or other domains. Identifying the modular structure in multilayer brain networks represents a gateway toward a deeper understanding of neural processes underlying cognition. Electroencephalographic (EEG) signals, thanks to their high temporal resolution, can give rise to multilayer networks able to follow the dynamics of brain activity. Despite this potential, the community organization has not yet been thoroughly investigated in brain networks estimated from EEG. Furthermore, at the state of the art, there is still no agreement about which algorithm is the most suitable to detect communities in multilayer brain networks, and a way to test and compare them all under a variety of conditions is lacking. In this work, we perform a comprehensive analysis of three algorithms at the state of the art for multilayer community detection (namely, genLouvain, DynMoga, and FacetNet) as compared with an approach based on the application of a single-layer clustering algorithm to each slice of the multilayer network. We test their ability to identify both steady and dynamic modular structures. We statistically evaluate their performances by means of ad hoc benchmark graphs characterized by properties covering a broad range of conditions in terms of graph density, number of clusters, noise level, and number of layers. The results of this simulation study aim to provide guidelines about the choice of the more appropriate algorithm according to the different properties of the brain network under examination. Finally, as a proof of concept, we show an application of the algorithms to real functional brain networks derived from EEG signals collected at rest with closed and open eyes. The test on real data provided results in agreement with the conclusions of the simulation study and confirmed the feasibility of multilayer analysis of EEG-based brain networks in both steady and dynamic conditions

    Optimization methodologies study for the development of prognostic artificial neural network

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    In this work, we discuss the implementation and optimization of an artificial neural network (ANN) based on the analysis of the back-EMF coefficient capable of making electromechanical actuator (EMA) prognostics. Starting from the pseudorandom generation of failure values related to static rotor eccentricity and partial short circuit of the stator coils, we simulated through a MATLAB-Simulink model the values of currents, voltages, position and angular velocity of the rotor and thanks to these we obtained the back-electromotive force which represents the input layer of the ANN. In this paper, we will turn our attention to optimizing the hyperparameters which influence supervised learning and make it more performing in terms of computational cost and complexity. The results are satisfactory dealing with the number of examples present in the available dataset

    APPLICAZIONE DI TECNICHE DI COLLASSAMENTO IPOCENTRALE A DUE SEQUENZE SISMICHE DI BASSA ENERGIA NELL’APPENNINO MERIDIONALE

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    In this study we analyse two recent low energy (Mdmax = 4.1) seismic sequences (1990-1997) that affected the northern sector (Sannio-Benevento area) of the Southern Apennines chain. We applied the Best Estimate Method to earthquake locations in order to constrain the position and geometry of the seismogenic structures. The most striking features of the obtained fault geometries indicate that earthquakes of the 1990 Benevento sequence align along a NW-SE striking structure, while the earthquakes of the 1997 Sannio sequence outline a NNE-SSW striking structure. The southernmost NW-SE structure dips towards the NE, is characterized by a conjugate fault arrangement and overlies the fault responsible for a larger historical earthquake (Iomax = XI MCS, 1688 earthquake). Available focal mechanisms from earthquakes that occurred on the recognized NW-SE and NE-SW faults are consistent with dip-slip normal solutions. This suggests the occurrence of coexisting NW-SE and NE-SW extension in the Southern Apennines
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