645 research outputs found

    The full Schwinger-Dyson tower for random tensor models

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    We treat random rank-DD tensor models as DD-dimensional quantum field theories---tensor field theories (TFT)---and review some of their non-perturbative methods. We classify the correlation functions of complex tensor field theories by boundary graphs, sketch the derivation of the Ward-Takahashi identity and stress its relevance in the derivation of the tower of exact, analytic Schwinger-Dyson equations for all the correlation functions (with connected boundary) of TFTs with quartic pillow-like interactions.Comment: Proceedings: Corfu 2017 Training School "Quantum Spacetime and Physics Models

    Computing the spectral action for fuzzy geometries: from random noncommutative geometry to bi-tracial multimatrix models

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    A fuzzy geometry is a certain type of spectral triple whose Dirac operator crucially turns out to be a finite matrix. This notion was introduced in [J. Barrett, J. Math. Phys. 56, 082301 (2015)] and accommodates familiar fuzzy spaces like spheres and tori. In the framework of random noncommutative geometry, we use Barrett's characterization of Dirac operators of fuzzy geometries in order to systematically compute the spectral action S(D)=Trf(D)S(D)= \mathrm{Tr} f(D) for 2n2n-dimensional fuzzy geometries. In contrast to the original Chamseddine-Connes spectral action, we take a polynomial ff with f(x)‚Üí‚ąěf(x)\to \infty as ‚ą£x‚ą£‚Üí‚ąě |x|\to\infty in order to obtain a well-defined path integral that can be stated as a random matrix model with action of the type S(D)=N‚čÖtr‚ÄČF+‚ąĎitr‚ÄČAi‚čÖtr‚ÄČBiS(D)=N \cdot \mathrm{tr}\, F+\textstyle\sum_i \mathrm{tr}\,A_i \cdot \mathrm{tr} \,B_i , being F,AiF,A_i and BiB_i noncommutative polynomials in 22n‚ąí12^{2n-1} complex N√óNN\times N matrices that parametrize the Dirac operator DD. For arbitrary signature---thus for any admissible KO-dimension---formulas for 2-dimensional fuzzy geometries are given up to a sextic polynomial, and up to a quartic polynomial for 4-dimensional ones, with focus on the octo-matrix models for Lorentzian and Riemannian signatures. The noncommutative polynomials F,AiF,A_i and BiB_i are obtained via chord diagrams and satisfy: independence of NN; self-adjointness of the main polynomial FF (modulo cyclic reordering of each monomial); also up to cyclicity, either self-adjointness or anti-self-adjointness of AiA_i and BiB_i simultaneously, for fixed ii. Collectively, this favors a free probabilistic perspective for the large-NN limit we elaborate on.Comment: 51 pages (45+6), some figures. v5. Minor amend to Prop. 4.1 and syntax of Def. 2.

    Borel summability of the 1/N expansion in quartic O(N)-vector models

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    We consider a quartic O(N)-vector model. Using the Loop Vertex Expansion, we prove the Borel summability in 1/N along the real axis of the partition function and of the connected correlations of the model. The Borel summability holds uniformly in the coupling constant, as long as the latter belongs to a cardioid like domain of the complex plane, avoiding the negative real axis.Comment: 23 pages, 2 figure

    Design of a polishing tool for collaborative robotics using minimum viable product approach

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    This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Carlos Perez-Vidal, Luis Gracia, Samuel Sanchez-Caballero, J. Ernesto Solanes, Alessandro Saccon & Josep Tornero (2019) Design of a polishing tool for collaborative robotics using minimum viable product approach, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 32:9, 848-857, DOI: 10.1080/0951192X.2019.1637026 [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/0951192X.2019.1637026[EN] A collaborative tool for robotic polishing is developed in this work in order to allow the simultaneous operation of the robot system and human operator to cooperatively carry out the polishing task. For this purpose, the collaborative environment is detailed and the polishing application is designed. Moreover, the polishing tool is developed and its implementation using the minimum viable product approach is obtained. Furthermore, a robust hybrid position-force control is proposed to use the developed tool attached to a robot system and some experiments are given to show its performance.This work was supported in part by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (Spanish Government) under project [DPI2017-87656-C2-1-R] and the Generalitat Valenciana under Grant [VALi+ d APOSTD/2016/044].Perez-Vidal, C.; Gracia Calandin, LI.; Sanchez-Caballero, S.; Solanes Galbis, JE.; Saccon, A.; Tornero Montserrat, J. (2019). Design of a polishing tool for collaborative robotics using minimum viable product approach. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing. 32(9):848-857. https://doi.org/10.1080/0951192X.2019.1637026S848857329Alders, K., M. Lehe, and G. Wan. 2001. ‚ÄúMethod for the Automatic Recognition of Surface Defects in Body Shells and Device for Carrying Out Said Method‚ÄĚ US Patent 6,320,654, Accessed 2001 November. https://www.google.ch/patents/US6320654Alexopoulos, K., Mavrikios, D., & Chryssolouris, G. (2013). ErgoToolkit: an ergonomic analysis tool in a virtual manufacturing environment. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 26(5), 440-452. doi:10.1080/0951192x.2012.731610Andres, J., Gracia, L., & Tornero, J. (2011). Calibration and control of a redundant robotic workcell for milling tasks. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 24(6), 561-573. doi:10.1080/0951192x.2011.566284Arnal, L., Solanes, J. E., Molina, J., & Tornero, J. (2017). Detecting dings and dents on specular car body surfaces based on optical flow. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 45, 306-321. doi:10.1016/j.jmsy.2017.07.006Blank, S. 2010. ‚ÄúPerfection By Subtraction - The Minimum Feature Set‚ÄĚ. Accessed 2018 August. http://steveblank.com/2010/03/04/perfection-by-subtraction-the-minimum-feature-set/Dimeas, F., & Aspragathos, N. (2016). Online Stability in Human-Robot Cooperation with Admittance Control. IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 9(2), 267-278. doi:10.1109/toh.2016.2518670Fitzgerald, C. ‚ÄúDeveloping Baxter, A new industrial robot with common sense for U.S. manufacturing.‚ÄĚ 2013.Gracia, L., Sala, A., & Garelli, F. (2012). A supervisory loop approach to fulfill workspace constraints in redundant robots. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 60(1), 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.robot.2011.07.008Gracia, L., Sala, A., & Garelli, F. (2014). Robot coordination using task-priority and sliding-mode techniques. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 30(1), 74-89. doi:10.1016/j.rcim.2013.08.003Gracia, L., Solanes, J. E., Mu√Īoz-Benavent, P., Valls Miro, J., Perez-Vidal, C., & Tornero, J. (2018). Adaptive Sliding Mode Control for Robotic Surface Treatment Using Force Feedback. Mechatronics, 52, 102-118. doi:10.1016/j.mechatronics.2018.04.008Julius, R., Sch√ľrenberg, M., Schumacher, F., & Fay, A. (2017). Transformation of GRAFCET to PLC code including hierarchical structures. Control Engineering Practice, 64, 173-194. doi:10.1016/j.conengprac.2017.03.012. E. K. (2016). TOWARDS AN AUTOMATED POLISHING SYSTEM - CAPTURING MANUAL POLISHING OPERATIONS. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 05(07), 182-192. doi:10.15623/ijret.2016.0507030Khan, A. M., Yun, D., Zuhaib, K. M., Iqbal, J., Yan, R.-J., Khan, F., & Han, C. (2017). Estimation of Desired Motion Intention and compliance control for upper limb assist exoskeleton. International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems, 15(2), 802-814. doi:10.1007/s12555-015-0151-7Kirschner, D., Velik, R., Yahyanejad, S., Brandst√∂tter, M., & Hofbaur, M. (2016). YuMi, Come and Play with Me! A Collaborative Robot for Piecing Together a Tangram Puzzle. Interactive Collaborative Robotics, 243-251. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43955-6_29Mohammad, A. E. K., Hong, J., & Wang, D. (2018). Design of a force-controlled end-effector with low-inertia effect for robotic polishing using macro-mini robot approach. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 49, 54-65. doi:10.1016/j.rcim.2017.05.011Nagata, F., Hase, T., Haga, Z., Omoto, M., & Watanabe, K. (2007). CAD/CAM-based position/force controller for a mold polishing robot. Mechatronics, 17(4-5), 207-216. doi:10.1016/j.mechatronics.2007.01.003Nakamura, Y., Hanafusa, H., & Yoshikawa, T. (1987). Task-Priority Based Redundancy Control of Robot Manipulators. The International Journal of Robotics Research, 6(2), 3-15. doi:10.1177/027836498700600201Ries, E. 2009. ‚ÄúWhat is the Minimum Viable Product‚ÄĚ. March. Accessed 2018 August. http://venturehacks.com/articles/minimum-viable-productRobinson, F. 2001 ‚ÄúA Proven Methodology to Maximize Return on Risk‚ÄĚ. Accessed 2018 August. http://www.syncdev.com/minimum-viable-productShepherd, S., & Buchstab, A. (2014). KUKA Robots On-Site. Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2014, 373-380. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04663-1_26SYMPLEXITY. ‚ÄúSymbiotic Human-Robot Solutions for Complex Surface Finishing Operations.‚ÄĚ European project funded by E.U. through the H2020. Project no. 637080. Call: H2020-FoF-2014. Topic: FoF-06-2014. Starting date: 01/ 01/2015.Duration: 48 months. Accessed 2019 March. https://www.symplexity.eu/Vihlborg, P., I. Bryngelsson, B. Lindgren, L. G. Gunnarsson, and P. Graff. 2017. ‚ÄúAssociatio between vibration exposure and hand-arm vibration symptoms in a Swedish mechanical industry.‚ÄĚ February 2017.Vogel, J., Haddadin, S., Jarosiewicz, B., Simeral, J. D., Bacher, D., Hochberg, L. R., ‚Ķ van der Smagt, P. (2015). An assistive decision-and-control architecture for force-sensitive hand‚Äďarm systems driven by human‚Äďmachine interfaces. The International Journal of Robotics Research, 34(6), 763-780. doi:10.1177/027836491456153

    Pasado, presente y futuro de la vacunación anti-idiotipo

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    Cancer vaccines are conceived as therapeutic tools, in contrast to the prophylactic vaccines used to fight against infectious diseases. Among the most potent therapeutic vaccines, anti-idiotype vaccination is directed against the tumor idiotype, the only well-characterized tumor antigen displayed in neoplastic B-cells. Anti-idiotype vaccines have demonstrated clinical benefit against follicular lymphoma and are currently being evaluated in two different phase III clinical trials. Additional emerging strategies, which include the use of dendritic cells and the production of vaccines via molecular means will surely allow us to draw important conclusions concerning the treatment of cancer patients

    Remission of obesity and insulin resistance is not sufficient to restore mitochondrial homeostasis in visceral adipose tissue

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    Metabolic plasticity is the ability of a biological system to adapt its metabolic phenotype to different environmental stressors. We used a whole-body and tissue-specific phenotypic, functional, proteomic, metabolomic and transcriptomic approach to systematically assess metabolic plasticity in diet-induced obese mice after a combined nutritional and exercise intervention. Although most obesity and overnutrition-related pathological features were successfully reverted, we observed a high degree of metabolic dysfunction in visceral white adipose tissue, characterized by abnormal mitochondrial morphology and functionality. Despite two sequential therapeutic interventions and an apparent global healthy phenotype, obesity triggered a cascade of events in visceral adipose tissue progressing from mitochondrial metabolic and proteostatic alterations to widespread cellular stress, which compromises its biosynthetic and recycling capacity. In humans, weight loss after bariatric surgery showed a transcriptional signature in visceral adipose tissue similar to our mouse model of obesity reversion. Overall, our data indicate that obesity prompts a lasting metabolic fingerprint that leads to a progressive breakdown of metabolic plasticity in visceral adipose tissue

    The Fourteenth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: First Spectroscopic Data from the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey and from the second phase of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment

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    The fourth generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV) has been in operation since July 2014. This paper describes the second data release from this phase, and the fourteenth from SDSS overall (making this, Data Release Fourteen or DR14). This release makes public data taken by SDSS-IV in its first two years of operation (July 2014-2016). Like all previous SDSS releases, DR14 is cumulative, including the most recent reductions and calibrations of all data taken by SDSS since the first phase began operations in 2000. New in DR14 is the first public release of data from the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS); the first data from the second phase of the Apache Point Observatory (APO) Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE-2), including stellar parameter estimates from an innovative data driven machine learning algorithm known as "The Cannon"; and almost twice as many data cubes from the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO (MaNGA) survey as were in the previous release (N = 2812 in total). This paper describes the location and format of the publicly available data from SDSS-IV surveys. We provide references to the important technical papers describing how these data have been taken (both targeting and observation details) and processed for scientific use. The SDSS website (www.sdss.org) has been updated for this release, and provides links to data downloads, as well as tutorials and examples of data use. SDSS-IV is planning to continue to collect astronomical data until 2020, and will be followed by SDSS-V.Comment: SDSS-IV collaboration alphabetical author data release paper. DR14 happened on 31st July 2017. 19 pages, 5 figures. Accepted by ApJS on 28th Nov 2017 (this is the "post-print" and "post-proofs" version; minor corrections only from v1, and most of errors found in proofs corrected
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