10 research outputs found

    An evaluation approach to environmental program and project planning

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    This paper presents the incorporation of realistic practice into the formulation of evaluation methodology in environmental planning. The approach is based on the principles of realistic evaluation. The latter, founded on scientific realist philosophy, offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities and proposes realistic development in policy making. Combining theory and method, as well as qualitative and quantitative procedures, realistic evaluation focuses on testing theories of how outcomes are generated by specific mechanisms, fired and activated in particular contexts. Its commitment to the belief that evaluation research depends on the investigation of causal explanation underlines the fact that environmental interventions are closely connected with and affect social world. In this way the social dimension in environmental interventions is enhanced and a more sophisticated perspective is introduced in the evaluation process. Realistic evaluation offers to environmental planning and development an actual practice into the conduct of evaluation. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers

    Artemis Mark-IV, the new Greek-French digital radio spectrograph at Thermopyles, Greece

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    We present the new digital solar radio spectrograph located at the Thermopyles station, Greece, operated by the University of Athens. Observations cover the range from 110 to 600 MHz, using a 7-m parabolic antenna. The reception system uses two techniques in parallel: sweep frequency and multi-channel, the latter being based on the Acousto-Optical technique. The data acquisition system is based on two subsystems, a Sun Spare-5 workstation and a front end based on a VME Motorola system. The two subsystems are connected through the Ethernet and are operated using the VxWorks real-time package. The daily operation is completely automated: pointing of the antenna to the sun, starting and stopping the observations at pre-set times, acquiring data, compressing data by silence suppression in real time, and archiving the data on a routine manner on DAT tapes. Apart from its usual function, this instrument will be used in conjunction with other instruments, including the Nançay decameter array and the low frequency radio receivers on the Wind spacecraft

    The new multichannel radiospectrograph artemis-IV/hecate, of the University of Athens

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    We present the new solar radiospectrograph of the University of Athens operating at the Thermopylae Station since 1996. Observations cover the frequency range from 110 to 688 MHz. The radiospectrograph has a 7-meter parabolic antenna and two receivers operating in parallel. One is a sweep frequency receiver and the other a multichannel acousto-optical receiver. The data acquisition system consists of a front-end VME based subsystem and a Sun Sparc-5 workstation connected through Ethernet. The two subsystems are operated using the VxWorks real-time package. The daily operation is fully automated: pointing of the antenna to the sun, starting and stopping the observations at pre-set times, data acquisition, data compression by 'silence suppression', and archiving on DAT tapes. The instrument can be used either by itself to study the onset and evolution of solar radio bursts or in conjunction with other instruments including the Nançay Decametric Array and the WIND/WAVES RAD1 and RAD2 low frequency receivers to study associated interplanetary phenomena

    THE NEW MULTICHANNEL RADIOSPECTROGRAPH ARTEMIS-IV/HECATE, OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS

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    Abstract. We present the new solar radiospectrograph of the University of Athens operating at the Thermopylae Station since 1996. Observations cover the frequency range from 110 to 688 MHz. The radiospectrograph has a 7-meter parabolic antenna and two receivers operating in parallel. One is a sweep frequency receiver and the other a multichannel acousto-optical receiver. The data acquisition system consists of a front-end VME based subsystem and a Sun Sparc-5 workstation connected through Ethernet. The two subsystems are operated using the VxWorks real-time package. The daily operation is fully automated: pointing of the antenna to the sun, starting and stopping the observations at pre-set times, data acquisition, data compression by ‘silence suppression’, and archiving on DAT tapes. The instrument can be used either by itself to study the onset and evolution of solar radio bursts or in conjunction with other instruments including the Nançay Decametric Array and the WIND/WAVES RAD1 and RAD2 low frequency receivers to study associated interplanetary phenomena

    ARTEMIS IV RADIO OBSERVATIONS OF THE 14 JULY 2000 LARGE SOLAR EVENT

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    Abstract. In this report we present a complex metric burst, associated with the 14 July 2000 major solar event, recorded by the ARTEMIS-IV radio spectrograph at Thermopylae. Additional spaceborne and Earth-bound observational data are used, in order to identify and analyze the diverse, yet associated, processes during this event. The emission at metric wavelengths consisted of broad-band continua including a moving and a stationary type IV, impulsive bursts and pulsating structures. The principal release of energetic electrons in the corona was 15–20 min after the start of the flare, in a period when the flare emission spread rapidly eastwards and a hard X-ray peak occurred. Backward extrapolation of the CME also puts its origin in the same time interval, however, the uncertainty of the extrapolation does not allow us to associate the CME with any particular radio or X-ray signature. Finally, we present high time and spectral resolution observations of pulsations and fiber bursts, together with a preliminary statistical analysis. 1
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