46 research outputs found

    Non-Commutative (Softly Broken) Supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons

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    We study d=2+1 non-commutative U(1) YMCS, concentrating on the one-loop corrections to the propagator and to the dispersion relations. Unlike its commutative counterpart, this model presents divergences and hence an IR/UV mechanism, which we regularize by adding a Majorana gaugino of mass m_f, that provides (softly broken) supersymmetry. The perturbative vacuum becomes stable for a wide range of coupling and mass values, and tachyonic modes are generated only in two regions of the parameters space. One such region corresponds to removing the supersymmetric regulator (m_f >> m_g), restoring the well-known IR/UV mixing phenomenon. The other one (for m_f ~ m_g/2 and large \theta) is novel and peculiar of this model. The two tachyonic regions turn out to be very different in nature. We conclude with some remarks on the theory's off-shell unitarity.Comment: 42 pages, 11 figures, uses Axodraw. Bibliography revise

    Factorisation and holomorphic blocks in 4d

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    We study N=1 theories on Hermitian manifolds of the form M^4=S^1xM^3 with M^3 a U(1) fibration over S^2, and their 3d N=2 reductions. These manifolds admit an Heegaard-like decomposition in solid tori D^2xT^2 and D^2xS^1. We prove that when the 4d and 3d anomalies are cancelled the matrix integrands in the Coulomb branch partition functions can be factorised in terms of 1-loop factors on D^2xT^2 and D^2xS^1 respectively. By evaluating the Coulomb branch matrix integrals we show that the 4d and 3d partition functions can be expressed as sums of products of 4d and 3d holomorphic blocks.Comment: 57 page

    Borel and Stokes Nonperturbative Phenomena in Topological String Theory and c=1 Matrix Models

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    We address the nonperturbative structure of topological strings and c=1 matrix models, focusing on understanding the nature of instanton effects alongside with exploring their relation to the large-order behavior of the 1/N expansion. We consider the Gaussian, Penner and Chern-Simons matrix models, together with their holographic duals, the c=1 minimal string at self-dual radius and topological string theory on the resolved conifold. We employ Borel analysis to obtain the exact all-loop multi-instanton corrections to the free energies of the aforementioned models, and show that the leading poles in the Borel plane control the large-order behavior of perturbation theory. We understand the nonperturbative effects in terms of the Schwinger effect and provide a semiclassical picture in terms of eigenvalue tunneling between critical points of the multi-sheeted matrix model effective potentials. In particular, we relate instantons to Stokes phenomena via a hyperasymptotic analysis, providing a smoothing of the nonperturbative ambiguity. Our predictions for the multi-instanton expansions are confirmed within the trans-series set-up, which in the double-scaling limit describes nonperturbative corrections to the Toda equation. Finally, we provide a spacetime realization of our nonperturbative corrections in terms of toric D-brane instantons which, in the double-scaling limit, precisely match D-instanton contributions to c=1 minimal strings.Comment: 71 pages, 14 figures, JHEP3.cls; v2: added refs, minor change

    Large N duality beyond the genus expansion

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    We study non-perturbative aspects of the large N duality between Chern-Simons theory and topological strings, and we find a rich structure of large N phase transitions in the complex plane of the 't Hooft parameter. These transitions are due to large N instanton effects, and they can be regarded as a deformation of the Stokes phenomenon. Moreover, we show that, for generic values of the 't Hooft coupling, instanton effects are not exponentially suppressed at large N and they correct the genus expansion. This phenomenon was first discovered in the context of matrix models, and we interpret it as a generalization of the oscillatory asymptotics along anti-Stokes lines. In the string dual, the instanton effects can be interpreted as corrections to the saddle string geometry due to discretized neighboring geometries. As a mathematical application, we obtain the 1/N asymptotics of the partition function of Chern-Simons theory on L(2,1), and we test it numerically to high precision in order to exhibit the importance of instanton effects.Comment: 37 pages, 24 figures. v2: clarifications and references added, misprints corrected, to appear in JHE

    5D partition functions, q-Virasoro systems and integrable spin-chains

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    We analyze N = 1 theories on S5 and S4 x S1, showing how their partition functions can be written in terms of a set of fundamental 5d holomorphic blocks. We demonstrate that, when the 5d mass parameters are analytically continued to suitable values, the S5 and S4 x S1 partition functions degenerate to those for S3 and S2 x S1. We explain this mechanism via the recently proposed correspondence between 5d partition functions and correlators with underlying q-Virasoro symmetry. From the q-Virasoro 3-point functions, we axiomatically derive a set of associated reflection coefficients, and show they can be geometrically interpreted in terms of Harish-Chandra c-functions for quantum symmetric spaces. We then link these particular c-functions to the types appearing in the Jost functions encoding the asymptotics of the scattering in integrable spin chains, obtained taking different limits of the XYZ model to XXZ-type.Comment: 58 pages, 2 figures, pdfLaTeX; v2: references added, comments adde

    Rethinking mirror symmetry as a local duality on fields

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    We introduce an algorithm to piecewise dualise linear quivers into their mirror dual. The algorithm uses two basic duality moves and the properties of the SS-wall which can all be derived by iterative applications of Seiberg-like dualities.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures; v3: Figure 2 revised, the introduction and comments sections elaborate

    T[SU(N)] duality webs: mirror symmetry, spectral duality and gauge/CFT correspondences

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    Abstract We study various duality webs involving the 3d FT[SU(N)] theory, a close relative of the T[SU(N)] quiver tail. We first map the partition functions of FT[SU(N)] and its 3d spectral dual to a pair of spectral dual q-Toda conformal blocks. Then we show how to obtain the FT[SU(N)] partition function by Higgsing a 5d linear quiver gauge theory, or equivalently from the refined topological string partition function on a certain toric Calabi-Yau three-fold. 3d spectral duality in this context descends from 5d spectral duality. Finally we discuss the 2d reduction of the 3d spectral dual pair and study the corresponding limits on the q-Toda side. In particular we obtain a new direct map between the partition function of the 2d FT[SU(N)] GLSM and an (N + 2)-point Toda conformal block

    Flipping the head of T[SU(N)]: mirror symmetry, spectral duality and monopoles

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    We consider T[SU(N)] and its mirror, and we argue that there are two more dual frames, which are obtained by adding flipping fields for the moment maps on the Higgs and Coulomb branch. Turning on a monopole deformation in T[SU(N)], and following its effect on each dual frame, we obtain four new daughter theories dual to each other. We are then able to construct pairs of 3d spectral dual theories by performing simple operations on the four dual frames of T[SU(N)]. Engineering these 3d spectral pairs as codimension-two defect theories coupled to a trivial 5d theory, via Higgsing, we show that our 3d spectral dual theories descends from the 5d spectral duality, or fiber base duality in topological string. We provide further consistency checks about the web of dualities we constructed by matching partition functions on the three sphere, and in the case of spectral duality, matching exactly topological string computations with holomorphic blocks.Comment: 74 pages, 15 picture
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