184 research outputs found

    A general method for determining the masses of semi-invisibly decaying particles at hadron colliders

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    We present a general solution to the long standing problem of determining the masses of pair-produced, semi-invisibly decaying particles at hadron colliders. We define two new transverse kinematic variables, MCTM_{CT_\perp} and MCTM_{CT_\parallel}, which are suitable one-dimensional projections of the contransverse mass MCTM_{CT}. We derive analytical formulas for the boundaries of the kinematically allowed regions in the (MCT,MCT)(M_{CT_\perp},M_{CT_\parallel}) and (MCT,MCT)(M_{CT_\perp},M_{CT}) parameter planes, and introduce suitable variables DCTD_{CT_\parallel} and DCTD_{CT} to measure the distance to those boundaries on an event per event basis. We show that the masses can be reliably extracted from the endpoint measurements of MCTmaxM_{CT_\perp}^{max} and DCTminD_{CT}^{min} (or DCTminD_{CT_\parallel}^{min}). We illustrate our method with dilepton ttˉt\bar{t} events at the LHC.Comment: thoroughly revised; all new figures; new results on pages 3 and 4; new illustrative example; includes detector simulation. 4 pages, 6 figures, uses revtex and axodra

    Supersymmetric Higgs-portal and X-ray lines

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    We consider a Dirac singlet fermion as thermal dark matter for explaining the X-ray line in the context of a supersymmetric Higgs-portal model or a generalized Dirac NMSSM. The Dirac singlet fermion gets a mass splitting due to their Yukawa couplings to two Higgs doublets and their superpartners, Higgsinos, after electroweak symmetry breaking. We show that a correct relic density can be obtained from thermal freeze-out, due to the co-annihilation with Higgsinos for the same Yukawa couplings. We discuss the phenomenology of the Higgsinos in this model such as displaced vertices at the LHC.Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures, references adde

    The Hierarchy Solution to the LHC Inverse Problem

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    Supersymmetric (SUSY) models, even those described by relatively few parameters, generically allow many possible SUSY particle (sparticle) mass hierarchies. As the sparticle mass hierarchy determines, to a great extent, the collider phenomenology of a model, the enumeration of these hierarchies is of the utmost importance. We therefore provide a readily generalizable procedure for determining the number of sparticle mass hierarchies in a given SUSY model. As an application, we analyze the gravity-mediated SUSY breaking scenario with various combinations of GUT-scale boundary conditions involving different levels of universality among the gaugino and scalar masses. For each of the eight considered models, we provide the complete list of forbidden hierarchies in a compact form. Our main result is that the complete (typically rather large) set of forbidden hierarchies among the eight sparticles considered in this analysis can be fully specified by just a few forbidden relations involving much smaller subsets of sparticles.Comment: 44 pages, 2 figures. Python code providing lists of allowed and forbidden hierarchy is included in ancillary file

    Gravity-mediated (or composite) dark matter

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    Dark matter could have an electroweak origin, yet it could communicate with the visible sector exclusively through gravitational interactions. In a setup addressing the hierarchy problem, we propose a new dark-matter scenario where gravitational mediators, arising from the compactification of extra dimensions, are responsible for dark-matter interactions and its relic abundance in the Universe. We write an explicit example of this mechanism in warped extra dimensions and work out its constraints. We also develop a dual picture of the model, based on a four-dimensional scenario with partial compositeness. We show that gravity-mediated dark matter is equivalent to a mechanism of generating viable dark matter scenarios in a strongly coupled, near-conformal theory, such as in composite Higgs models

    Re-interpreting the Oxbridge stransverse mass variable MT2 in general cases

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    We extend the range of possible applications of MT2 type analyses to decay chains with multiple invisible particles, as well as to asymmetric event topologies with different parent and/or different children particles. We advocate two possible approaches. In the first, we introduce suitably defined 3+1-dimensional analogues of the MT2 variable, which take into account all relevant on-shell kinematic constraints in a given event topology. The second approach utilizes the conventional MT2 variable, but its kinematic endpoint is suitably reinterpreted on a case by case basis, depending on the specific event topology at hand. We provide the general prescription for this reinterpretation, including the formulas relating the measured MT2 endpoint (as a function of the test masses of all the invisible particles) to the underlying physical mass spectrum. We also provide analytical formulas for the shape of the differential distribution of the doubly projected MT2(perp) variable for the ten possible event topologies with one visible particle and up to two invisible particles per decay chain. We illustrate our results with the example of leptonic chargino decays, (chargino to lepton, neutrino and LSP) in supersymmetry.Comment: 36 pages, 9 figures, Preprint typeset in JHEP styl

    Beyond the Dark matter effective field theory and a simplified model approach at colliders

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    Direct detection of and LHC search for the singlet fermion dark matter (SFDM) model with Higgs portal interaction are considered in a renormalizable model where the full Standard Model (SM) gauge symmetry is imposed by introducing a singlet scalar messenger. In this model, direct detection is described by an effective operator m_q \bar{q} q \bar{\chi} \chi as usual, but the full amplitude for monojet + \not E_T involves two intermediate scalar propagators, which cannot be seen within the effective field theory (EFT) or in the simplified model without the full SM gauge symmetry. We derive the collider bounds from the ATLAS monojet + \not E_T as well as the CMS t\bar{t} + \not E_T data, finding out that the bounds and the interpretation of the results are completely different from those obtained within the EFT or simplified models. It is pointed out that it is important to respect unitarity, renormalizability and local gauge invariance of the SM.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures, version published in Phys. Lett.