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    Lorentz Invariance Violation and IceCube Neutrino Events

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    The IceCube neutrino spectrum shows a flux which falls of as E2E^{-2} for sub PeV energies but there are no neutrino events observed above 3\sim 3 PeV. In particular the Glashow resonance expected at 6.3 PeV is not seen. We examine a Planck scale Lorentz violation as a mechanism for explaining the cutoff of observed neutrino energies around a few PeV. By choosing the one free parameter the cutoff in neutrino energy can be chosen to be between 2 and 6.3 PeV. We assume that neutrinos (antineutrinos) have a dispersion relation E2=p2(ξ3/MPl) p3E^2=p^2 - (\xi_3/M_{Pl})~p^3, and find that both π+\pi^+ and π\pi^- decays are suppressed at neutrino energies of order of few PeV. We find that the μ\mu^- decay being a two-neutrino process is enhanced, whereas μ+\mu^+ decay is suppressed. The K+π0e+νeK^+\rightarrow \pi^0 e^+ \nu_e is also suppressed with a cutoff neutrino energy of same order of magnitude, whereas Kπ0eνˉeK^-\rightarrow \pi^0 e^- \bar \nu_e is enhanced. The np+eνˉen \rightarrow p^+ e^- \bar \nu_e decay is suppressed (while the nˉpe+νe\bar n \rightarrow p^- e^+ \nu_e is enhanced). This means that the νˉe\bar \nu_e expected from nn decay arising from p+γΔπ+np+\gamma \rightarrow \Delta \rightarrow \pi^+ n reaction will not be seen. This can explain the lack of Glashow resonance events at IceCube. If no Glashow resonance events are seen in the future then the Lorentz violation can be a viable explanation for the IceCube observations at PeV energies.Comment: v2, 16 pages, Version accepted for publication in JHE
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