754 research outputs found

    Renormalized Perturbation Theory And Its Optimization By The Principle Of Minimal Sensitivity

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    The results of renormalized perturbation theory, in QCD and other quantum field theories, are ambiguous at any finite order, due to renormalization-scheme dependence. The perturbative results depend upon extraneous scheme variables, including the renormalization scale, that the exact result cannot depend on. Such 'non-invariant approximations' occur in many other areas of physics, too. The sensible strategy is to find where the approximant is stationary under small variations of the extraneous variables. This general principle is explained and illustrated with various examples. Also dimensional transmutation, RG equations, the essence of renormalization and the origin of its ambiguities are explained in simple terms, assuming little or no background in quantum field theory. The minimal-sensitivity approach leads to 'optimized perturbation theory,' which is developed in detail. Applications to Re⁺e⁻, the infrared limit, and to the optimization of factorized quantities, are also discussed thoroughly

    The Non-Trivial Effective Potential of the `Trivial' lambda Phi^4 Theory: A Lattice Test

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    The strong evidence for the `triviality' of (lambda Phi^4)_4 theory is not incompatible with spontaneous symmetry breaking. Indeed, for a `trivial' theory the effective potential should be given exactly by the classical potential plus the free-field zero-point energy of the shifted field; i.e., by the one-loop effective potential. When this is renormalized in a simple, but nonperturbative way, one finds, self-consistently, that the shifted field does become non-interacting in the continuum limit. For a classically scale-invariant (CSI) lambda Phi^4 theory one finds m_h^2 = 8 pi^2 v^2, predicting a 2.2 TeV Higgs boson. Here we extend our earlier work in three ways: (i) we discuss the analogy with the hard-sphere Bose gas; (ii) we extend the analysis from the CSI case to the general case; and (iii) we propose a test of the predicted shape of the effective potential that could be tested in a lattice simulation.Comment: 22 pages, LaTeX, DE-FG05-92ER40717-

    QCD perturbation theory at large orders with large renormalization scales in the large β0\beta_0 limit

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    We examine the QCD perturbation series at large orders, for different values of the 'large β0\beta_0 renormalization scale'. It is found that if we let this scale grow exponentially with the order, the divergent series can be turned into an expansion that converges to the Borel integral, with a certain cut off. In the case of the first IR renormalon at 2/β02/\beta_0, corresponding to a dimension four operator in the operator product expansion, this qualitatively improves the perturbative predictions. Furthermore, our results allow us to establish formulations of the principle of minimal sensitivity and the fastest apparent convergence criterion that result in a convergent expansion.Comment: 14 pages, 5 figures, elaborated conclusion

    Dependence of Variational Perturbation Expansions on Strong-Coupling Behavior. Inapplicability of delta-Expansion to Field Theory

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    We show that in applications of variational theory to quantum field theory it is essential to account for the correct Wegner exponent omega governing the approach to the strong-coupling, or scaling limit. Otherwise the procedure either does not converge at all or to the wrong limit. This invalidates all papers applying the so-called delta-expansion to quantum field theory.Comment: Author Information under http://www.physik.fu-berlin.de/~kleinert/institution.html . Latest update of paper (including all PS fonts) at http://www.physik.fu-berlin.de/~kleinert/34

    On the Existence of the Quantum Action

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    We have previously proposed a conjecture stating that quantum mechanical transition amplitudes can be parametrized in terms of a quantum action. Here we give a proof of the conjecture and establish the existance of a local quantum action in the case of imaginary time in the Feynman-Kac limit (when temperature goes to zero). Moreover we discuss some symmetry properties of the quantum action.Comment: revised version, Text (LaTeX

    A Variational Approach to Bound States in Quantum Field Theory

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    We consider here in a toy model an approach to bound state problem in a nonperturbative manner using equal time algebra for the interacting field operators. Potential is replaced by offshell bosonic quanta inside the bound state of nonrelativistic particles. The bosonic dressing is determined through energy minimisation, and mass renormalisation is carried out in a nonperturbative manner. Since the interaction is through a scalar field, it does not include spin effects. The model however nicely incorporates an intuitive picture of hadronic bound states in which the gluon fields dress the quarks providing the binding between them and also simulate the gluonic content of hadrons in deep inelastic collisions.Comment: latex, revtex, 22 page

    QCD Corrections to t anti-b H^- Associated Production in e^+ e^- Annihilation

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    We calculate the QCD corrections to the cross section of e^+ e^- -> t anti-b H^- and its charge-conjugate counterpart within the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. This process is particularly important if m_t b H^+ and e^+ e^- -> H^+ H^- are not allowed kinematically. Large logarithmic corrections that arise in the on-mass-shell scheme of quark mass renormalization, especially from the t anti-b H^- Yukawa coupling for large values of tan(beta), are resummed by adopting the modified minimal-subtraction scheme, so that the convergence behavior of the perturbative expansion is improved. The inclusion of the QCD corrections leads to a significant reduction of the theoretical uncertainties due to scheme and scale dependences.Comment: 21 pages (Latex), 8 figures (Postscript); detailed discussion of scheme and scale dependences adde

    High-Order Variational Calculation for the Frequency of Time-Periodic Solutions

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    We develop a convergent variational perturbation theory for the frequency of time-periodic solutions of nonlinear dynamical systems. The power of the theory is illustrated by applying it to the Duffing oscillator.Comment: Author Information under http://www.physik.fu-berlin.de/~pelster/, http://www.physik.fu-berlin.de/~kleinert/ and http://www.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/ipvr/bv/personen/schanz.htm

    Spiral Multi-component Structure in Pade - Approximant QCD

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    We present a graphical method of analyzing the infra-red fixed point structure of Pade approximant QCD. The analysis shows a spiral multi-component couplant structure as well as an infra-red attractor behavior of PQCD couplant for all flavors 0Nf160 \le N_{f} \le 16.Comment: 78 pages, 4 tables, 44 graph

    On an asymptotic estimate of the nn-loop correction in perturbative QCD

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    A recently proposed method of estimating the asymptotic behaviour of QCD perturbation theory coefficients is critically reviewed and shown to contain numerous invalid mathematical operations and unsubstantiated assumptions. We discuss in detail why this procedure, based solely on renormalization group (RG) considerations and analyticity constraints, cannot lead to such estimates. We stress the importance of correct renormalization scheme (RS) dependence of any meaningful asymptotic estimate and argue that the unambiguous summation of QCD perturbation expansions for physical quantities requires information from outside of perturbation theory itself.Comment: PRA-HEP-92/17, Latex, 20 pages of text plus 5 figures contained in 5 separate PS files. Four of them (corresponding to Figs.1,2,3,5) are appended at the end of this file, the (somewhat larger one) corresponding to Fig.4 can be obtained from any of the mentioned E-mail addresses upon request. E-mail connections: J. Chyla - [email protected]) or h1kchy@dhhdesy3 P. Kolar - [email protected]
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