386 research outputs found

    Ionization history of the cosmic plasma in the light of the recent CBI and future PLANCK data

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    The paper is devoted to the methods of determination of the cosmological parameters from recent CMB observations. We show that the more complex models of kinetics of recombination with a few "missing" parameters describing the recombination process provide better agreement between measured and expected characteristics of the CMB anisotropy. In particular, we consider the external sources of the Ly-{alpha} and Ly-{c} radiation and the model with the strong clustering of baryonic component. These factors can constrain the estimates of the cosmological parameters usually discussed. We demonstrate also that the measurements of polarization can improve these estimates and, for the precision expected for the PLANCK mission, allow to discriminate a wide class of models.Comment: 25 pages, 7 figures, extended and corrected after the referee report. Accepted in Ap

    Phase analysis of the cosmic microwave background from an incomplete sky coverage

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    Phases of the spherical harmonic analysis of full-sky cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature data contain useful information complementary to the ubiquitous angular power spectrum. In this letter we present a new method of phase analysis on incomplete sky maps. It is based on Fourier phases of equal-latitude pixel rings of the map, which are related to the mean angle of the trigonometric moments from the full-sky phases. They have an advantage for probing regions of interest without tapping polluted Galactic plane area, and can localize non-Gaussian features and departure from statistical isotropy in the CMB.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures submitted to MNRAS Letters, replaced with minor change

    The Cosmological Gene Project: cluster analysis of the atmospheric fluctuations on arcmin-scale imaging of the Cosmic Microwave Background

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    We discuss some aspects of the Cosmological Gene Project started at the Special Astrophysical Observatory (Russia) in 1999. The goal of the project is to measure the anisotropy and polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and investigation of atmospheric fluctuations and foreground on arcmin-scales using the radio-telescope RATAN-600. We develop the cluster analysis of one-dimensional random fields for the application to the RATAN-600 scans. We analyze the specific properties of peak clusterisation in the RATAN-600 scans which to separate the primordial CMB signal from noise.Comment: Submitted to Astronomy & Astrophysic

    Auto and cross correlation of phases of the whole-sky CMB and foreground maps from the 1-year WMAP data

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    The issue of non-Gaussianity is not only related to distinguishing the theories of the origin of primordial fluctuations, but also crucial for the determination of cosmological parameters in the framework of inflation paradigm. We present an advenced method for testing non-Gaussianity on the whole-sky CMB anisotropies. This method is based on the Kuiper's statistic to probe the two-dimensional uniformity on a periodic mapping square associating phases: return mapping of phases of the derived CMB (similar to auto correlation) and cross correlations between phases of the derived CMB and foregrounds. Since phases reflect morphology, detection of cross correlation of phases signifies the contamination of foreground signals in the derived CMB map. The advantage of this method is that one can cross check the auto and cross correlation of phases of the derived CMB and foregrounds, and mark off those multipoles in which the non-Gaussianity results from the foreground contaminations. We apply this statistic on the derived signals from the 1-year WMAP data. The auto-correlations of phases from the ILC map shows the significance above 95% CL against the random phase hypothesis on 17 spherical harmonic multipoles, among which some have pronounced cross correlations with the foreground maps. We conclude that most of the non-Gaussianity found in the derived CMB maps are from foreground contaminations, except, among others, l=6. With this method we are better equipped to approach the issue of non-Gaussianity of primordial origin for the upcoming PLANCK mission.Comment: 2 figures added: new representation of reconstructed (from 1D Fourier composition) DT distribution for each multipole number el

    General Statistical properties of the CMB Polarization field

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    The distribution of the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) in the sky is determined by the hypothesis of random Gaussian distribution of the primordial density perturbations. This hypotheses is well motivated by the inflationary cosmology. Therefore, the test of consistency of the statistical properties of the CMB polarization field with the Gaussianity of primordial density fluctuations is a realistic way to study the nature of primordial inhomogeneities in the Universe. This paper contains the theoretical predictions of the general statistical properties of the CMB polarization field. All results obtained under assumption of the Gaussian nature of the signal. We pay the special attention to the following two problems. First, the classification and statistics of the singular points of the polarization field where polarization is equal to zero. Second, the topology of contours of the value of the degree of polarization. We have investigated the percolation properties for the zones of ``strong'' and ``weak'' polarization. We also have calculated Minkowski functionals for the CMB polarization field. All results are analytical.Comment: Latex, 22 pages, including 5 figure

    Instability of reconstruction of the low CMB multipoles

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    We discuss the problem of the bias of the Internal Linear Combination (ILC) CMB map and show that it is closely related to the coefficient of cross-correlation K(l) of the true CMB and the foreground for each multipole l. We present analysis of the cross-correlation for the WMAP ILC quadrupole and octupole from the first (ILC(I)) and the third (ILC(III)) year data releases and show that these correlations are about -0.52-0.6. Analysing 10^4 Monte Carlo simulations of the random Gaussian CMB signals, we show that the distribution function for the corresponding coefficient of the cross-correlation has a polynomial shape P(K,l)\propto(1-K^2)^(l-1). We show that the most probable value of the cross-correlation coefficient of the ILC and foreground quadrupole has two extrema at K ~= +/-0.58$. Thus, the ILC(III) quadrupole represents the most probable value of the coefficient K. We analyze the problem of debiasing of the ILC CMB and pointed out that reconstruction of the bias seems to be very problematic due to statistical uncertainties. In addition, instability of the debiasing illuminates itself for the quadrupole and octupole components through the flip-effect, when the even (l+m) modes can be reconstructed with significant error. This error manifests itself as opposite, in respect to the true sign of even low multipole modes, and leads to significant changes of the coefficient of cross-correlation with the foreground. We show that the CMB realizations, whose the sign of quadrupole (2,0) component is negative (and the same, as for all the foregrounds), the corresponding probability to get the positive sign after implementation of the ILC method is about 40%.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure
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