386 research outputs found

### Ionization history of the cosmic plasma in the light of the recent CBI and future PLANCK data

The paper is devoted to the methods of determination of the cosmological
parameters from recent CMB observations. We show that the more complex models
of kinetics of recombination with a few "missing" parameters describing the
recombination process provide better agreement between measured and expected
characteristics of the CMB anisotropy. In particular, we consider the external
sources of the Ly-{alpha} and Ly-{c} radiation and the model with the strong
clustering of baryonic component. These factors can constrain the estimates of
the cosmological parameters usually discussed. We demonstrate also that the
measurements of polarization can improve these estimates and, for the precision
expected for the PLANCK mission, allow to discriminate a wide class of models.Comment: 25 pages, 7 figures, extended and corrected after the referee report.
Accepted in Ap

### Phase analysis of the cosmic microwave background from an incomplete sky coverage

Phases of the spherical harmonic analysis of full-sky cosmic microwave
background (CMB) temperature data contain useful information complementary to
the ubiquitous angular power spectrum. In this letter we present a new method
of phase analysis on incomplete sky maps. It is based on Fourier phases of
equal-latitude pixel rings of the map, which are related to the mean angle of
the trigonometric moments from the full-sky phases. They have an advantage for
probing regions of interest without tapping polluted Galactic plane area, and
can localize non-Gaussian features and departure from statistical isotropy in
the CMB.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures submitted to MNRAS Letters, replaced with minor
change

### The Cosmological Gene Project: cluster analysis of the atmospheric fluctuations on arcmin-scale imaging of the Cosmic Microwave Background

We discuss some aspects of the Cosmological Gene Project started at the
Special Astrophysical Observatory (Russia) in 1999. The goal of the project is
to measure the anisotropy and polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background
(CMB) and investigation of atmospheric fluctuations and foreground on
arcmin-scales using the radio-telescope RATAN-600. We develop the cluster
analysis of one-dimensional random fields for the application to the RATAN-600
scans. We analyze the specific properties of peak clusterisation in the
RATAN-600 scans which to separate the primordial CMB signal from noise.Comment: Submitted to Astronomy & Astrophysic

### Auto and cross correlation of phases of the whole-sky CMB and foreground maps from the 1-year WMAP data

The issue of non-Gaussianity is not only related to distinguishing the
theories of the origin of primordial fluctuations, but also crucial for the
determination of cosmological parameters in the framework of inflation
paradigm. We present an advenced method for testing non-Gaussianity on the
whole-sky CMB anisotropies. This method is based on the Kuiper's statistic to
probe the two-dimensional uniformity on a periodic mapping square associating
phases: return mapping of phases of the derived CMB (similar to auto
correlation) and cross correlations between phases of the derived CMB and
foregrounds. Since phases reflect morphology, detection of cross correlation of
phases signifies the contamination of foreground signals in the derived CMB
map. The advantage of this method is that one can cross check the auto and
cross correlation of phases of the derived CMB and foregrounds, and mark off
those multipoles in which the non-Gaussianity results from the foreground
contaminations. We apply this statistic on the derived signals from the 1-year
WMAP data. The auto-correlations of phases from the ILC map shows the
significance above 95% CL against the random phase hypothesis on 17 spherical
harmonic multipoles, among which some have pronounced cross correlations with
the foreground maps. We conclude that most of the non-Gaussianity found in the
derived CMB maps are from foreground contaminations, except, among others, l=6.
With this method we are better equipped to approach the issue of
non-Gaussianity of primordial origin for the upcoming PLANCK mission.Comment: 2 figures added: new representation of reconstructed (from 1D Fourier
composition) DT distribution for each multipole number el

### General Statistical properties of the CMB Polarization field

The distribution of the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB)
in the sky is determined by the hypothesis of random Gaussian distribution of
the primordial density perturbations. This hypotheses is well motivated by the
inflationary cosmology. Therefore, the test of consistency of the statistical
properties of the CMB polarization field with the Gaussianity of primordial
density fluctuations is a realistic way to study the nature of primordial
inhomogeneities in the Universe. This paper contains the theoretical
predictions of the general statistical properties of the CMB polarization
field. All results obtained under assumption of the Gaussian nature of the
signal. We pay the special attention to the following two problems. First, the
classification and statistics of the singular points of the polarization field
where polarization is equal to zero. Second, the topology of contours of the
value of the degree of polarization. We have investigated the percolation
properties for the zones of ``strong'' and ``weak'' polarization. We also have
calculated Minkowski functionals for the CMB polarization field. All results
are analytical.Comment: Latex, 22 pages, including 5 figure

### Instability of reconstruction of the low CMB multipoles

We discuss the problem of the bias of the Internal Linear Combination (ILC)
CMB map and show that it is closely related to the coefficient of
cross-correlation K(l) of the true CMB and the foreground for each multipole l.
We present analysis of the cross-correlation for the WMAP ILC quadrupole and
octupole from the first (ILC(I)) and the third (ILC(III)) year data releases
and show that these correlations are about -0.52-0.6. Analysing 10^4 Monte
Carlo simulations of the random Gaussian CMB signals, we show that the
distribution function for the corresponding coefficient of the
cross-correlation has a polynomial shape P(K,l)\propto(1-K^2)^(l-1). We show
that the most probable value of the cross-correlation coefficient of the ILC
and foreground quadrupole has two extrema at K ~= +/-0.58$. Thus, the ILC(III)
quadrupole represents the most probable value of the coefficient K. We analyze
the problem of debiasing of the ILC CMB and pointed out that reconstruction of
the bias seems to be very problematic due to statistical uncertainties. In
addition, instability of the debiasing illuminates itself for the quadrupole
and octupole components through the flip-effect, when the even (l+m) modes can
be reconstructed with significant error. This error manifests itself as
opposite, in respect to the true sign of even low multipole modes, and leads to
significant changes of the coefficient of cross-correlation with the
foreground. We show that the CMB realizations, whose the sign of quadrupole
(2,0) component is negative (and the same, as for all the foregrounds), the
corresponding probability to get the positive sign after implementation of the
ILC method is about 40%.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure

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