12,532 research outputs found

### Entanglement entropy and D1-D5 geometries

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.90.066004Giusto, Stefano, and Rodolfo Russo. "Entanglement Entropy and D1-D5 geometries." Physical Review D 90.6 (2014): 066004

### Entanglement entropy and quantum field theory: a non-technical introduction

In these proceedings we give a pedagogical and non-technical introduction to
the Quantum Field Theory approach to entanglement entropy. Particular attention
is devoted to the one space dimensional case, with a linear dispersion
relation, that, at a quantum critical point, can be effectively described by a
two-dimensional Conformal Field Theory.Comment: 10 Pages, 2 figures. Talk given at the conference "Entanglement in
Physical and information sciences", Centro Ennio de Giorgi, Pisa, December
200

### A class of quantum many-body states that can be efficiently simulated

We introduce the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA), an
efficient representation of certain quantum many-body states on a D-dimensional
lattice. Equivalent to a quantum circuit with logarithmic depth and distinctive
causal structure, the MERA allows for an exact evaluation of local expectation
values. It is also the structure underlying entanglement renormalization, a
coarse-graining scheme for quantum systems on a lattice that is focused on
preserving entanglement.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

### Corrections to scaling in entanglement entropy from boundary perturbations

We investigate the corrections to scaling of the Renyi entropies of a region
of size l at the end of a semi-infinite one-dimensional system described by a
conformal field theory when the corrections come from irrelevant boundary
operators. The corrections from irrelevant bulk operators with scaling
dimension x have been studied by Cardy and Calabrese (2010), and they found not
only the expected corrections of the form l^(4-2x) but also unusual corrections
that could not have been anticipated by finite-size scaling arguments alone.
However, for the case of perturbations from irrelevant boundary operators we
find that the only corrections that can occur to leading order are of the form
l^(2-2x_b) for boundary operators with scaling dimension x_b < 3/2, and l^(-1)
when x_b > 3/2. When x_b=3/2 they are of the form l^(-1)log(l). A marginally
irrelevant boundary perturbation will give leading corrections going as
log(l)^(-3). No unusual corrections occur when perturbing with a boundary
operator.Comment: 8 pages. Minor improvements and updated references. Published versio

### Entanglement renormalization

In the context of real-space renormalization group methods, we propose a
novel scheme for quantum systems defined on a D-dimensional lattice. It is
based on a coarse-graining transformation that attempts to reduce the amount of
entanglement of a block of lattice sites before truncating its Hilbert space.
Numerical simulations involving the ground state of a 1D system at criticality
show that the resulting coarse-grained site requires a Hilbert space dimension
that does not grow with successive rescaling transformations. As a result we
can address, in a quasi-exact way, tens of thousands of quantum spins with a
computational effort that scales logarithmically in the system's size. The
calculations unveil that ground state entanglement in extended quantum systems
is organized in layers corresponding to different length scales. At a quantum
critical point, each rellevant length scale makes an equivalent contribution to
the entanglement of a block with the rest of the system.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, updated versio

### Entanglement entropy of two disjoint intervals in conformal field theory

We study the entanglement of two disjoint intervals in the conformal field
theory of the Luttinger liquid (free compactified boson). Tr\rho_A^n for any
integer n is calculated as the four-point function of a particular type of
twist fields and the final result is expressed in a compact form in terms of
the Riemann-Siegel theta functions. In the decompactification limit we provide
the analytic continuation valid for all model parameters and from this we
extract the entanglement entropy. These predictions are checked against
existing numerical data.Comment: 34 pages, 7 figures. V2: Results for small x behavior added, typos
corrected and refs adde

### Entanglement Entropy in Extended Quantum Systems

After a brief introduction to the concept of entanglement in quantum systems,
I apply these ideas to many-body systems and show that the von Neumann entropy
is an effective way of characterising the entanglement between the degrees of
freedom in different regions of space. Close to a quantum phase transition it
has universal features which serve as a diagnostic of such phenomena. In the
second part I consider the unitary time evolution of such systems following a
`quantum quench' in which a parameter in the hamiltonian is suddenly changed,
and argue that finite regions should effectively thermalise at late times,
after interesting transient effects.Comment: 6 pages. Plenary talk delivered at Statphys 23, Genoa, July 200

### Field-theory results for three-dimensional transitions with complex symmetries

We discuss several examples of three-dimensional critical phenomena that can
be described by Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson $\phi^4$ theories. We present an
overview of field-theoretical results obtained from the analysis of high-order
perturbative series in the frameworks of the $\epsilon$ and of the
fixed-dimension d=3 expansions. In particular, we discuss the stability of the
O(N)-symmetric fixed point in a generic N-component theory, the critical
behaviors of randomly dilute Ising-like systems and frustrated spin systems
with noncollinear order, the multicritical behavior arising from the
competition of two distinct types of ordering with symmetry O($n_1$) and
O($n_2$) respectively.Comment: 9 pages, Talk at the Conference TH2002, Paris, July 200

### The role of initial conditions in the ageing of the long-range spherical model

The kinetics of the long-range spherical model evolving from various initial
states is studied. In particular, the large-time auto-correlation and -response
functions are obtained, for classes of long-range correlated initial states,
and for magnetized initial states. The ageing exponents can depend on certain
qualitative features of initial states. We explicitly find the conditions for
the system to cross over from ageing classes that depend on initial conditions
to those that do not.Comment: 15 pages; corrected some typo

### On entanglement evolution across defects in critical chains

We consider a local quench where two free-fermion half-chains are coupled via
a defect. We show that the logarithmic increase of the entanglement entropy is
governed by the same effective central charge which appears in the ground-state
properties and which is known exactly. For unequal initial filling of the
half-chains, we determine the linear increase of the entanglement entropy.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, minor changes, reference adde

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