959 research outputs found

    Spiky ice and penitente tilting

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    Indexación: Scopus.Under certain conditions, at high altitude, the surface of snow develops spike-like structures known as penitentes. This is a rather counterintuitive phenomenon, which is a consequence of surface sublimation at a given point as a result of the incidence of light scattered by the surrounding region. Following the existing literature, we model the time evolution of the phenomenon described above as a 1D diffusion equation with a non-local source term, as it represents the light coming from all the line of sight defined for a point of the curve. For small initial perturbations in the surface, the system undergoes a thermodynamic instability which triggers the formation of spikes. For sunlight coming in at a given angle, numerical simulations account for a feature observed in the real system: penitentes get tilted in the direction of the sunlight. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.We thank R. Rojas and R. Soto for interesting discussions. P.G. was financially supported by Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, UNAB, to attend SOCHIFI 2016 Meeting.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1043/1/01200

    Conserved quantities for a charged rotating black holes in 5D Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory

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    Indexación: Scopus.In this work, we compute the conserved quantities of a charged rotating black hole which appears as the solution of Einstein-Maxwell action in five dimensions coupled to a Chern-Simons term for U(1) field. The addition of the Chern-Simons term will modify the Maxwell equations and the definition of charge but not the Einstein field equations. Upon the addition of suitable boundary terms for the pure gravity sector of the theory, which depend on the extrinsic and intrinsic curvatures (Kounterterms), we obtain the correct conserved quantities of the solution. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.We thank Giorgos Anastasiou and David Rivera-Betancour for insightful discussions. This work was funded in part by FONDECYT Grant 1131075, UNAB Grant DI-1336-16/RG and CONICYT Grant DPI 20140115.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1043/1/01202

    Noether-Wald Charges in Critical Gravity

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    Indexación: Scopus.Critical Gravity theory is defined by a particular combination of quadratic couplings in the curvature added on top of 4D Einstein-Hilbert action with negative cosmological constant. As the Lagrangian is given by a Weyl-squared term, the asymptotic form of the curvature is not modified. The coupling of the W eyl 2 term is such the massive scalar mode is eliminated and the massive spin-2 mode become massless, rendering the theory consistent around the critical point. In the present work, we construct the Noether-Wald charges for the action of Critical Gravity. Such construction makes manifest a defining property of this theory: both the energy and entropy for Einstein black holes vanish identically. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.We thank G. Anastasiou, F. Díaz-Martínez and O. Miskovic for helpful discussions. This work was funded in part by FONDECYT Grant 1131075, CONICYT Grant DPI 2014-0115 and UNAB Grants DI-1336-16/RG. D.R.B was financially supported by Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, UNAB, to attend SOCHIFI 2016 Meeting.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1043/1/01202

    Pontryagin Term and Magnetic Mass in 4D AdS Gravity

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    Indexación: Scopus.In the context of the anti-de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence, 4D AdS gravity is suitably renormalized by adding the Gauss Bonnet term to the Einstein-Hilbert action. The subsequent addition of the Pontryagin term, with a specific coupling, allows to write the on-shell action in terms of the Weyl tensor and its dual, such that the action becomes stationary for asymptotic (anti) self-dual solutions in the Weyl tensor. The addition to the action of both topological invariants mentioned above does not modify the bulk dynamics, but it does modify the expression of the Noether current and, therefore, the conserved quantities of the theory. Here, we show that the method of Iyer and Wald leads to a fully-covariant Noether charge, which contains both the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor. For configurations which are globally (anti) self-dual in the Weyl tensor, both the action and the Noether charge identically vanish. This means that, for such spacetimes, the magnetic mass is equal to the electric mass. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.This work was funded in part by FONDECYT Grants No. 1131075, 1140296 and 1151107, CONICYT Grant DPI 2014-0115, UNAB Grants DI-735-15/R and DI-1336-16/RG and VRIEA-PUCV Grant 039.345/2016. R.Araneda received financial support from Facultad de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile to participate in SOCHIFI Congress.https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1043/1/01201

    Einstein-AdS action, renormalized volume/area and holographic Rényi entropies

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    Indexación: Scopus.The authors thank D.E. Díaz, P. Sundell and A. Waldron for interesting discussions. C.A. is a Universidad Andres Bello (UNAB) Ph.D. Scholarship holder, and his work is supported by Dirección General de Investigación (DGI-UNAB). This work is funded in part by FONDECYT Grants No. 1170765 “Boundary dynamics in anti-de Sitter gravity and gauge/gravity duality ” and No. 3180620 “Entanglement Entropy and AdS gravity ”, and CONICYT Grant DPI 20140115.We exhibit the equivalence between the renormalized volume of asymptotically anti-de Sitter (AAdS) Einstein manifolds in four and six dimensions, and their renormalized Euclidean bulk gravity actions. The action is that of Einstein gravity, where the renormalization is achieved through the addition of a single topological term. We generalize this equivalence, proposing an explicit form for the renormalized volume of higher even-dimensional AAdS Einstein manifolds. We also show that evaluating the renormalized bulk gravity action on the conically singular manifold of the replica trick results in an action principle that corresponds to the renormalized volume of the regular part of the bulk, plus the renormalized area of a codimension-2 cosmic brane whose tension is related to the replica index. Renormalized Rényi entropy of odd-dimensional holographic CFTs can thus be obtained from the renormalized area of the brane with finite tension, including the effects of its backreaction on the bulk geometry. The area computation corresponds to an extremization problem for an enclosing surface that extends to the AdS boundary, where the newly defined renormalized volume is considered. © 2018, The Author(s).https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FJHEP08%282018%2913

    Energy in higher-derivative gravity via topological regularization

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    Indexación: Scopus.We give a novel definition of gravitational energy for an arbitrary theory of gravity including quadratic-curvature corrections to Einstein's equations. We focus on the theory in four dimensions, in the presence of a negative cosmological constant, and with asymptotically anti-de Sitter (AdS) boundary conditions. As a first example, we compute the gravitational energy and angular momentum of Schwarzschild-AdS black holes, for which we obtain results consistent with previous computations performed using different methods. However, our method is qualitatively different due to the fact that it is intrinsically nonlinear. It relies on the idea of adding to the gravity action topological invariant terms which suffice to regularize the Noether charges and render the variational problem well-posed. This is an idea that has been previously considered in the case of second-order theories, such as general relativity and which, as shown here, extends to higher-derivative theories. Besides black holes, we consider other solutions such as gravitational waves in AdS, for which we also find results that are in agreement. This enables us to investigate the consistency of this approach in the non-Einstein sector of the theory. © 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.04404

    Hamilton-Jacobi Counterterms for Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity

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    The on-shell gravitational action and the boundary stress tensor are essential ingredients in the study of black hole thermodynamics. We employ the Hamilton-Jacobi method to calculate the boundary counterterms necessary to remove the divergences and allow the study of the thermodynamics of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet black holes.Comment: 21 pages, LaTe

    Black strings in AdS_5

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    We present non-extremal magnetic black string solutions in five-dimensional gauged supergravity. The conformal infinity is the product of time and S^1xS_h, where S_h denotes a compact Riemann surface of genus h. The construction is based on both analytical and numerical techniques. We compute the holographic stress tensor, the Euclidean action and the conserved charges of the solutions and show that the latter satisfy a Smarr-type formula. The phase structure is determined in the canonical ensemble, and it is shown that there is a first order phase transition from small to large black strings, which disappears above a certain critical magnetic charge that is obtained numerically. For another particular value of the magnetic charge, that corresponds to a twisting of the dual super Yang-Mills theory, the conformal anomalies coming from the background curvature and those arising from the coupling to external gauge fields exactly cancel. We also obtain supersymmetric solutions describing waves propagating on extremal BPS magnetic black strings, and show that they possess a Siklos-Virasoro reparametrization invariance.Comment: 40 pages, 7 figures, JHEP3. v2: minor corrections, 2 references added. v3: typos in holographic stress tensor corrected, 3 references adde
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