9 research outputs found

    Ozone model for bonding of an O_2 to heme in oxyhemoglobin

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    Several rather different models of the Fe-O_2 bond in oxyhemoglobin have previously been proposed, none of which provide a satisfactory explanation of several properties. We propose a new model for the bonding of an O_2 to the Fe of myoglobin and hemoglobin and report ab initio generalized valence bond and configuration interaction calculations on FeO_2 that corroborate this model. Our model is based closely upon the bonding in ozone which recent theoretical studies have shown to be basically a biradical with a singlet state stabilized by a three-center four-electron pi bond. In this model, the facile formation and dissociation of the Fe-O_2 bond is easily rationalized since the O_2 always retains its triplet ground state character. The ozone model leads naturally to a large negative electric field gradient (in agreement with Mossbauer studies) and to z-polarized (perpendicular to the heme) charge transfer transitions. It also suggests that the 1.3 eV transition, present in HbO_2 and absent in HbCO, is due to a porphyrin-to-Fe transition, analogous to that of ferric hemoglobins (e.g., HbCN)

    DREIDING: A generic force field for molecular simulations

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    We report the parameters for a new generic force field, DREIDING, that we find useful for predicting structures and dynamics of organic, biological, and main-group inorganic molecules. The philosophy in DREIDING is to use general force constants and geometry parameters based on simple hybridization considerations rather than individual force constants and geometric parameters that depend on the particular combination of atoms involved in the bond, angle, or torsion terms. Thus all bond distances are derived from atomic radii, and there is only one force constant each for bonds, angles, and inversions and only six different values for torsional barriers. Parameters are defined for all possible combinations of atoms and new atoms can be added to the force field rather simply. This paper reports the parameters for the "nonmetallic" main-group elements (B, C, N, 0, F columns for the C, Si, Ge, and Sn rows) plus H and a few metals (Na, Ca, Zn, Fe). The accuracy of the DREIDING force field is tested by comparing with (i) 76 accurately determined crystal structures of organic compounds involving H, C, N, 0, F, P, S, CI, and Br, (ii) rotational barriers of a number of molecules, and (iii) relative conformational energies and barriers of a number of molecules. We find excellent results for these systems

    Particulate methane monooxygenase contains only mononuclear copper centers

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    Bacteria that oxidize methane to methanol are central to mitigating emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. The nature of the copper active site in the primary metabolic enzyme of these bacteria, particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO), has been controversial owing to seemingly contradictory biochemical, spectroscopic, and crystallographic results. We present biochemical and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic characterization most consistent with two monocopper sites within pMMO: one in the soluble PmoB subunit at the previously assigned active site (CuB) and one ~2 nanometers away in the membrane-bound PmoC subunit (CuC). On the basis of these results, we propose that a monocopper site is able to catalyze methane oxidation in pMMO

    Harold Rosenberg diante da Morte da arte

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    : http://filosofiacienciaevida.uol.com.br/ESFI/edicoes/34/sumario.aspRevista filosofiaRevista filosofia Edição 34 – 200

    Circular dichroism determination of class I MHC-peptide equilibrium dissociation constants

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    Class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules bind peptides derived from degraded proteins for display to T cells of the immune system. Peptides bind to MHC proteins with varying affinities, depending upon their sequence and length. We demonstrate that the thermal stability of the MHC-peptide complex depends directly on peptide binding affinity. We use this correlation to develop a convenient method to determine peptide dissociation constants by measuring MHC-peptide complex stability using thermal denaturation profiles monitored by circular dichroism

    Immigration Geopolitics Beyond the Mexico?US Border

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    Molecular biology of trypanosome antigenic variation

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    Enzyme Handbook

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