4 research outputs found

    The Innovative concept and Issues Concerning the Non-Custodial Sentence in Nigerian Criminal Justice System

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    It is apt to state that the challenges currently encountered in the Nigerian criminal justice system, is that the Nigerian correctional centers are densely populated with awaiting trial suspects and in a highly deplorable condition. In a renewed effort to attend to the Nigerian correctional centres' appalling state, the National Assembly enacted the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA) 2015 and the Nigerian Correctional Services Act (NCSA) 2019. These laws are meant to promote the efficient management of the criminal justice system and to address issues (such as a non-custodial sentence) that were not hitherto covered under the repealed Nigerian Prisons Act, in line with the internationally accepted standards. However, despite the innovation brought by these laws, there are some challenges affecting its smooth implementation. It is in this regard, that this study tends to embark on a hybrid method of study in ascertaining the relevance of non-custodial sentences in Nigeria's criminal justice system laws and its challenges. Questionnaires were sent to 327 of respondents, descriptive and analytical methods were used in analyzing the data generated. The study, therefore, found that the introduction of a non-custodian sentence has greatly enhanced the Nigerian criminal justice system. Although, there are several challenges (such as; the discretion of the judges, lack of facilities for the successful enforcement of non-custodial sentences, and corrupt practices) mitigating against its smooth implementation. It was therefore concluded and recommended that embracing non-custodial sentencing will reduce prison reception and minimize the enormous government resources in maintaining the prison infrastructure and the prisoners. In this regard, there is a need for a redress of the challenges mitigating the smooth application of non-custodian sentences in Nigeria's criminal Justice System


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    The custom and tradition of Nigeria is an outgrowth from the history of the society. In this regard, customary law emanate from the spirit of the people. However, it has been observe that by the locally made Wills Law of some state in Nigeria, it recognize and preserve the Nigerian’s customary practice of intestate succession. However, the Wills Act of 1837 which applies to all state except state that have enact their wills law, seem to create a limitation on customary intestate succession. It is in this regard, that this study adopts a hybrid method of research in analysing the statutory preservation and limitation of Nigeria’s customary practice of intestate succession by the wills laws and Act in Nigeria. The study made use online survey questionnaires sent to 308 legal practitioners (randomly selected) in the various states of the federal republic of Nigeria. A descriptive and an analytical statistic were used to analyse 308 respondent responses to the questionnaire. The study found that 76% of the respondent identify that Wills Act places customary limitation on customary intestate succession and they prefer the Wills Laws of 1958, given it preservation of the Nigerian custom and traditions concerning intestate succession. It was therefore, concluded and recommended that there is a need for some of those states that still applies the Wills Act of 1837, to enact or amend the Wills Act to recognised customary intestate succession

    A facile review concerning the Protection of an Invention in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges

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    Technological and any form of invention is a prerequisite for National development. This is concerning the fact that the reason why countries like the USA, China, Russia, and a host of other countries are regarded as developed nations is a result of their scientist and technician inventions. However, Nigeria like several African countries is regarded as a developing country given its slow pace of invention. However, despite the slow pace of invention, the legal process of also obtaining a protection or patent over an invention seems to also pose a challenge to scientists and technicians within the Nigerian terrain. It is concerning that embarks on a hybrid method of research in examining the issues and challenges as they relate to the protection of an invention in Nigeria. In this regard, 253 questionnaires were distributed to the respondent resident in the various geo-political zone in Nigeria. A descriptive and analytical method was employed in analyzing the data, and the study found that there are but few scientists and technicians involved in the technological invention. But there are challenges concerning obtaining a patent or protection of an invention in Nigeria and this in essence often discourage scientist and technician to intensify their effort toward technological invention. It was therefore concluded and recommended that for an effective and improved technological invention in Nigeria, there is a need for the Nigerian government to create an enabling environment and review the current legal framework concerning the obtaining of a patent over an invention.

    Bioenergy revamping and complimenting the global environmental legal framework on the reduction of waste materials:A facile review

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    The challenges posed by climate change/global warming are very alarming, and they have become the focal point of attention for researchers within the global environmental domains. The development of bioenergy can help salvage this situation as a renewable energy source that makes use of recycled waste materials to create useful energy products. This review study found that the development of sustainable bioenergy is environmentally friendly, and it has been proven to be a better means of recycling waste materials into final energy products for sustainable development. The study hereby concluded and recommended that environmental policies concerning the sustainable development of bioenergy should be adopted within the various nations' local laws and the global environment at large, as this will result in adhering strictly to international environmental legal frameworks regulating the prevention and reduction of waste materials. The possible correlation of bioenergy with the Sustainable Development Goals is also highlighted