418 research outputs found

### Towards Nonperturbative Renormalizability of Quantum Einstein Gravity

We summarize recent evidence supporting the conjecture that four-dimensional
Quantum Einstein Gravity (QEG) is nonperturbatively renormalizable along the
lines of Weinberg's asymptotic safety scenario. This would mean that QEG is
mathematically consistent and predictive even at arbitrarily small length
scales below the Planck length. For a truncated version of the exact flow
equation of the effective average action we establish the existence of a
non-Gaussian renormalization group fixed point which is suitable for the
construction of a nonperturbative infinite cutoff-limit. The cosmological
implications of this fixed point are discussed, and it is argued that QEG might
solve the horizon and flatness problem of standard cosmology without an
inflationary period.Comment: 10 pages, latex, 1 figur

### Contraints on Matter from Asymptotic Safety

Recent studies of the ultraviolet behaviour of pure gravity suggest that it
admits a non-Gaussian attractive fixed point, and therefore that the theory is
asymptotically safe. We consider the effect on this fixed point of massless
minimally coupled matter fields. The existence of a UV attractive fixed point
puts bounds on the type and number of such fields.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, revtex4; introduction expande

### Asymptotic Safety of Gravity Coupled to Matter

Nonperturbative treatments of the UV limit of pure gravity suggest that it
admits a stable fixed point with positive Newton's constant and cosmological
constant. We prove that this result is stable under the addition of a scalar
field with a generic potential and nonminimal couplings to the scalar
curvature. There is a fixed point where the mass and all nonminimal scalar
interactions vanish while the gravitational couplings have values which are
almost identical to the pure gravity case. We discuss the linearized flow
around this fixed point and find that the critical surface is four-dimensional.
In the presence of other, arbitrary, massless minimally coupled matter fields,
the existence of the fixed point, the sign of the cosmological constant and the
dimension of the critical surface depend on the type and number of fields. In
particular, for some matter content, there exist polynomial asymptotically free
scalar potentials, thus providing a solution to the well-known problem of
triviality.Comment: 18 pages,typeset with revtex

### Asymptotic safety, hypergeometric functions, and the Higgs mass in spectral action models

We study the renormalization group flow for the Higgs self coupling in the
presence of gravitational correction terms. We show that the resulting equation
is equivalent to a singular linear ODE, which has explicit solutions in terms
of hypergeometric functions. We discuss the implications of this model with
gravitational corrections on the Higgs mass estimates in particle physics
models based on the spectral action functional.Comment: 25 pages, LaTeX, 8 PDF figure

### Improved Action Functionals in Non-Perturbative Quantum Gravity

Models of gravity with variable G and Lambda have acquired greater relevance
after the recent evidence in favour of the Einstein theory being
non-perturbatively renormalizable in the Weinberg sense. The present paper
builds a modified Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) action functional for such models
which leads to a power-law growth of the scale factor for pure gravity and for
a massless phi**4 theory in a Universe with Robertson-Walker symmetry, in
agreement with the recently developed fixed-point cosmology. Interestingly, the
renormalization-group flow at the fixed point is found to be compatible with a
Lagrangian description of the running quantities G and Lambda.Comment: Latex file. Record without file already exists on SLAC-SPIRES, and
hence that record and the one for the present arxiv submission should become
one record onl

### Background Independence and Asymptotic Safety in Conformally Reduced Gravity

We analyze the conceptual role of background independence in the application
of the effective average action to quantum gravity. Insisting on a background
independent renormalization group (RG) flow the coarse graining operation must
be defined in terms of an unspecified variable metric since no rigid metric of
a fixed background spacetime is available. This leads to an extra field
dependence in the functional RG equation and a significantly different RG flow
in comparison to the standard flow equation with a rigid metric in the mode
cutoff. The background independent RG flow can possess a non-Gaussian fixed
point, for instance, even though the corresponding standard one does not. We
demonstrate the importance of this universal, essentially kinematical effect by
computing the RG flow of Quantum Einstein Gravity in the ``conformally
reduced'' Einstein--Hilbert approximation which discards all degrees of freedom
contained in the metric except the conformal one. Without the extra field
dependence the resulting RG flow is that of a simple $\phi^4$-theory. Including
it one obtains a flow with exactly the same qualitative properties as in the
full Einstein--Hilbert truncation. In particular it possesses the non-Gaussian
fixed point which is necessary for asymptotic safety.Comment: 4 figures

### A Class of Renormalization Group Invariant Scalar Field Cosmologies

We present a class of scalar field cosmologies with a dynamically evolving
Newton parameter $G$ and cosmological term $\Lambda$. In particular, we discuss
a class of solutions which are consistent with a renormalization group scaling
for $G$ and $\Lambda$ near a fixed point. Moreover, we propose a modified
action for gravity which includes the effective running of $G$ and $\Lambda$
near the fixed point. A proper understanding of the associated variational
problem is obtained upon considering the four-dimensional gradient of the
Newton parameter.Comment: 10 pages, RevTex4, no figures, to appear on GR

### Is Quantum Einstein Gravity Nonperturbatively Renormalizable?

We find considerable evidence supporting the conjecture that four-dimensional
Quantum Einstein Gravity is ``asymptotically safe'' in Weinberg's sense. This
would mean that the theory is likely to be nonperturbatively renormalizable and
thus could be considered a fundamental (rather than merely effective) theory
which is mathematically consistent and predictive down to arbitrarily small
length scales. For a truncated version of the exact flow equation of the
effective average action we establish the existence of a non-Gaussian
renormalization group fixed point which is suitable for the construction of a
nonperturbative infinite cutoff-limit. The truncation ansatz includes the
Einstein-Hilbert action and a higher derivative term.Comment: 18 pages, latex, 3 figure

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