712 research outputs found

    The technological influence on health professionals' care: translation and adaptation of scales

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    Objectives: in this study, two research tools were validated to study the impact of technological influence on health professionals' care practice. Methods: the following methodological steps were taken: bibliographic review, selection of the scales, translation and cultural adaptation and analysis of psychometric properties. Results: the psychometric properties of the scale were assessed based on its application to a sample of 341 individuals (nurses, physicians, final-year nursing and medical students). The validity, reliability and internal consistency were tested. Two scales were found: Caring Attributes Questionnaire (adapted) with a Cronbach's Alpha coefficient of 0.647 and the Technological Influence Questionnaire (adapted) with an Alpha coefficient of 0.777. Conclusions: the scales are easy to apply and reveal reliable psychometric properties, an additional quality as they permit generalized studies on a theme as important as the impact of technological influence in health care.Objetivos: este estudo consistiu na valida√ß√£o de dois instrumentos de pesquisa que permitem estudar o impacto da influ√™ncia tecnol√≥gica na pr√°tica do cuidar dos profissionais de sa√ļde. M√©todo: foram dados os seguintes passos metodol√≥gicos: revis√£o bibliogr√°fica, sele√ß√£o das escalas, tradu√ß√£o e adapta√ß√£o cultural e an√°lise das qualidades psicom√©tricas. Resultados: as propriedades psicom√©tricas da escala foram avaliadas a partir da sua aplica√ß√£o a uma amostra de 342 indiv√≠duos (enfermeiros, m√©dicos, estudantes finalistas de enfermagem e de medicina). Foram realizados estudos de validade e de fiabilidade e consist√™ncia interna. Obtiveram-se duas escalas: Escala dos Atributos do Cuidar (adaptada) com um valor de coeficiente de alpha de Cronbach de 0,647 e o Question√°rio da Influ√™ncia Tecnol√≥gica (adaptado) com um valor de 0,777. Conclus√Ķes: as escalas s√£o de f√°cil aplica√ß√£o e revelam propriedades psicom√©tricas confi√°veis, sendo uma mais valia na medida em que permitem realizar estudos generalizados sobre um tema t√£o importante como o impacto da influ√™ncia tecnol√≥gica no cuidar em sa√ļde.Objetivos: en este estudio fueron validados dos instrumentos de investigaci√≥n que permiten estudiar el impacto de la influencia tecnol√≥gica en la pr√°ctica del cuidar de los profesionales de salud. M√©todo: fueron dados los siguientes pasos metodol√≥gicos: revisi√≥n bibliogr√°fica, selecci√≥n de las escalas, traducci√≥n y adaptaci√≥n cultural y an√°lisis de las calidades psicom√©tricas. Resultados: las propiedades psicom√©tricas de la escala fueron evaluadas a partir de su aplicaci√≥n a una muestra de 342 individuos (enfermeros, m√©dicos, estudiantes finalistas de enfermer√≠a y de medicina). Fueron llevados a cabo estudios de validez y de fiabilidad y consistencia interna. Fueron encontradas dos escalas: Escala de los Atributos del Cuidar (adaptada) con coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach de 0,647 y el Cuestionario de Influencia Tecnol√≥gica (adaptado) con valor de 0,777. Conclusiones: las escalas son de f√°cil aplicaci√≥n y revelan propiedades psicom√©tricas confiables, siendo un valor a√Īadido en la medida en que permiten desarrollar estudios generalizados sobre un tema tan importante como el impacto de la influencia tecnol√≥gica en el cuidado en salud

    Patient-physician discordance in assessment of adherence to inhaled controller medication: a cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts

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    We aimed to compare patient's and physician's ratings of inhaled medication adherence and to identify predictors of patient-physician discordance.(SFRH/BPD/115169/2016) funded by Funda√ß√£o para a Ci√™ncia e Tecnologia (FCT); ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) through the operations: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-029130 ('mINSPIRERS‚ÄĒmHealth to measure and improve adherence to medication in chronic obstructive respiratory diseases‚ÄĒgeneralisation and evaluation of gamification, peer support and advanced image processing technologies') cofunded by the COMPETE2020 (Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionaliza√ß√£o), Portugal 2020 and by Portuguese Funds through FCT (Funda√ß√£o para a Ci√™ncia e a Tecnologia).info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Arquivo de Mem√≥ria Oral das Profiss√Ķes da Comunica√ß√£o (AMOPC)

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    O AMOPC designa um reposit√≥rio de mem√≥rias orais dos profissionais das v√°rias √°reas da comunica√ß√£o. O objetivo √© a cria√ß√£o de um arquivo audiovisual em formato eletr√≥nico, para recolha, recupera√ß√£o, cataloga√ß√£o, preserva√ß√£o, disponibiliza√ß√£o e aproveitamento de registos de mem√≥ria hist√≥rica sobre as profiss√Ķes da comunica√ß√£o, aberto √† sociedade civil e √† comunidade acad√©mica mais alargada. O AMOPC poder√° ser acedido e pesquis√°vel atrav√©s da internet, permitindo a rentabiliza√ß√£o de materiais que se constituir√£o como fonte permanente de informa√ß√£o pedag√≥gica e cient√≠fica. Os media constituem um dos elementos mais determinantes das sociedades contempor√Ęneas. √Ä medida que √† escala mundial se vai constituindo um h√≠per sector, assistindo-se a fen√≥menos de converg√™ncia e de homogeneiza√ß√£o cultural, os estudos na √°rea da comunica√ß√£o assumem um papel relevante para a compreens√£o das reconfigura√ß√Ķes da esfera p√ļblica. Face √† mudan√ßa nas atividades profissionais da √°rea da comunica√ß√£o, em termos tecnol√≥gicos, organizacionais e laborais, consideramos como prioridade o resgatar de mem√≥rias e vest√≠gios plurais que tendem a ser ignorados e esquecidos, nas fontes oficiais e nos registos institucionais sobre a √°rea da comunica√ß√£o social. Opt√°mos aqui por tomar a atividade da comunica√ß√£o social como um todo, rejeitando a perspectiva de uma an√°lise parcelar, por sector ou por suporte tecnol√≥gico, colocando as v√°rias √°reas ligadas aos media como um conjunto ocupacional (onde muitas trajet√≥rias de vida cruzam diferentes √°reas). Procuraremos diversificar as ‚Äú vozes‚ÄĚ que ‚Äúcontam‚ÄĚ, a nossa preocupa√ß√£o recair√° na inclus√£o dos diversos grupos de profissionais, do diretor de informa√ß√£o de um canal de televis√£o, ao tip√≥grafo, ao gestor de comunica√ß√£o, ao jornalista, ao account em comunica√ß√£o, ao diretor do servi√ßo ao cliente, ao revisor, ao assessor de imprensa, ao operador de imagem, ao copyright, ao fot√≥grafo, ao regente de est√ļdios, ao sonoplasta, etc. O caracter interdisciplinar √© assegurado por uma equipa que 21 investigadores, de v√°rias institui√ß√Ķes do ensino superior, de Portugal e do Brasil. O nosso objectivo √© alargar o projeto a outras institui√ß√Ķes acad√©micas e associa√ß√Ķes profissionais da √°rea da comunica√ß√£o. O projeto est√° numa fase de arranque, para a qual obteve financiamento em Dezembro de 2017, no Concurso Anual para Projectos de Investiga√ß√£o, Desenvolvimento, Inova√ß√£o e Cria√ß√£o Art√≠stica do IPL-2016.Este trabalho insere-se no projeto de Investiga√ß√£o, Desenvolvimento, Inova√ß√£o e Cria√ß√£o Art√≠stica do Instituto Polit√©cnico de Lisboa (IDI&CA do IPL ‚Äď 2016) com a refer√™ncia IPL/2016/AMOPC_ESCS.N/

    Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study

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    The aim of this study is to observe the morphological and postural changes to the foot that take place during pregnancy and the puerperium. Method: In this descriptive, observational, longitudinal study, we analysed 23 pregnant women, with particular attention to morphological and postural aspects of the foot, at three time points during and after pregnancy: in weeks 9-13 of gestation, weeks 32-35 of gestation and weeks 4-6 after delivery. The parameters considered were changes in foot length, the Foot Posture Index (FPI) and the Hern√°ndez Corvo Index, which were analysed using a pedigraph and taking into account the Body Mass Index (BMI). The same procedure was conducted in each review. Results: The statistical analyses obtained for each foot did not differ significantly between the three measurement times. A pronator-type footprint was most frequently observed during the third trimester of pregnancy; it was predominantly neutral during the postpartum period. Statistically significant differences between the measurement times were obtained in the right foot for cavus vs. neutral foot type (between the first and third trimesters and also between the first trimester and the puerperium) (in both cases, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Foot length increases in the third trimester and returns to normal in the puerperium. According to FPI findings, the third trimester of pregnancy is characterised by pronation, while the posture returns to neutrality during the postpartum period. During pregnancy, the plantar arch flattens, and this persists during the puerperium. The incidence of cavus foot increases significantly in the third trimester and in the puerperium

    Congresso Internacional ‚ÄúDi√°logos Interculturais Portugal-China‚ÄĚ: livro de resumos

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    O Instituto Conf√ļcio da Universidade de Aveiro (IC-UA), em parceria com v√°rios Departamentos da Universidade de Aveiro (DLC, DeCA, DCSPT, DEGEIT), organiza, nos dias 15, 16 e 17 de fevereiro de 2017, o Congresso Internacional ‚ÄúDi√°logos Interculturais Portugal-China‚ÄĚ. Do programa do congresso constam confer√™ncias plen√°rias, mesas redondas, comunica√ß√Ķes livres, p√≥steres e exposi√ß√Ķes. (...

    Tipologia de rios em Portugal Continental no √Ęmbito da implementa√ß√£o da Directiva Quadro da √Āgua. I - Caracteriza√ß√£o abi√≥tica.

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    Os tipos s√£o grupos de massas de √°gua com caracter√≠sticas geogr√°ficas e hidrol√≥gicas relativamente homog√©neas, consideradas relevantes para a determina√ß√£o das condi√ß√Ķes ecol√≥gicas. O objectivo da defini√ß√£o de tipos √© permitir que sejam correctamente estabelecidas condi√ß√Ķes de refer√™ncia e que sejam compar√°veis as classifica√ß√Ķes de estado ecol√≥gico dentro de cada grupo de rios com caracter√≠sticas semelhantes. Na defini√ß√£o da Tipologia para Rios, procedeu-se inicialmente √† aplica√ß√£o do sistema A (Anexo II, DQA) tendo-se obtido 18 tipos. Estando a generalidade dos tipos representada em todo o territ√≥rio continental, considerou-se que este sistema n√£o traduziria a heterogeneidade ecol√≥gica existente, n√£o reflectindo o gradiente clim√°tico Norte ‚Äď Sul, particularmente evidente para a temperatura e precipita√ß√£o. Nesse sentido entendeu-se necess√°rio aplicar o Sistema B (Anexo II, DQA)

    Identification of clusters of asthma control: A preliminary analysis of the inspirers studies

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    This work was funded by ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) through the operations: POCI- -01-0145-FEDER-029130 (‚ÄúmINSPIRERS‚ÄĒmHealth to measure and improve adherence to medication in chronic obstructive respiratory diseases - generalisation and evaluation of gamification, peer support and advanced image processing technologies‚ÄĚ) co-funded by the COMPETE2020 (Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionaliza√ß√£o), Portugal 2020 and by Portuguese Funds through FCT (Funda√ß√£o para a Ci√™ncia e a Tecnologia).¬© 2020, Sociedade Portuguesa de Alergologia e Imunologia Clinica. All rights reserved. Aims: To identify distinct asthma control clusters based on Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) and to compare patients‚Äô characteristics among these clusters. Methods: Adults and adolescents (‚Č•13 years) with persistent asthma were recruited at 29 Portuguese hospital outpatient clinics, in the context of two observational studies of the INSPIRERS project. Demographic and clinical characteristics, adherence to inhaled medication, beliefs about inhaled medication, anxiety and depression, quality of life, and asthma control (CARAT, >24 good control) were collected. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using CARAT total score (CARAT-T). Results: 410 patients (68% adults), with a median (percentile 25‚Äďpercentile 75) age of 28 (16-46) years, were analysed. Three clusters were identified [mean CARAT-T (min-max)]: cluster 1 [27(24-30)], cluster 2 [19(14-23)] and cluster 3 [10(2-13)]. Patients in cluster 1 (34%) were characterised by better asthma control, better quality of life, higher inhaler adherence and use of a single inhaler. Patients in clusters 2 (50%) and 3 (16%) had uncontrolled asthma, lower inhaler adherence, more symptoms of anxiety and depression and more than half had at least one exacerbation in the previous year. Further-more, patients in cluster 3 were predominantly female, had more unscheduled medical visits and more anxiety symp-toms, perceived a higher necessity of their prescribed inhalers but also higher levels of concern about taking these inhalers. There were no differences in age, body mass index, lung function, smoking status, hospital admissions or specialist physician follow-up time among the three clusters. Conclusion: An unsupervised method based on CARAT--T, identified 3 clusters of patients with distinct, clinically meaningful characteristics. The cluster with better asthma control had a cut-off similar to the established in the validation study of CARAT and an additional cut-off seems to distinguish more severe disease. Further research is necessary to validate the asthma control clusters identified.publishersversionpublishe

    MAMMALS IN PORTUGAL : A data set of terrestrial, volant, and marine mammal occurrences in P ortugal

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    Mammals are threatened worldwide, with 26% of all species being includedin the IUCN threatened categories. This overall pattern is primarily associatedwith habitat loss or degradation, and human persecution for terrestrial mam-mals, and pollution, open net fishing, climate change, and prey depletion formarine mammals. Mammals play a key role in maintaining ecosystems func-tionality and resilience, and therefore information on their distribution is cru-cial to delineate and support conservation actions. MAMMALS INPORTUGAL is a publicly available data set compiling unpublishedgeoreferenced occurrence records of 92 terrestrial, volant, and marine mam-mals in mainland Portugal and archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira thatincludes 105,026 data entries between 1873 and 2021 (72% of the data occur-ring in 2000 and 2021). The methods used to collect the data were: live obser-vations/captures (43%), sign surveys (35%), camera trapping (16%),bioacoustics surveys (4%) and radiotracking, and inquiries that represent lessthan 1% of the records. The data set includes 13 types of records: (1) burrowsjsoil moundsjtunnel, (2) capture, (3) colony, (4) dead animaljhairjskullsjjaws, (5) genetic confirmation, (6) inquiries, (7) observation of live animal (8),observation in shelters, (9) photo trappingjvideo, (10) predators dietjpelletsjpine cones/nuts, (11) scatjtrackjditch, (12) telemetry and (13) vocalizationjecholocation. The spatial uncertainty of most records ranges between 0 and100 m (76%). Rodentia (n=31,573) has the highest number of records followedby Chiroptera (n=18,857), Carnivora (n=18,594), Lagomorpha (n=17,496),Cetartiodactyla (n=11,568) and Eulipotyphla (n=7008). The data setincludes records of species classified by the IUCN as threatened(e.g.,Oryctolagus cuniculus[n=12,159],Monachus monachus[n=1,512],andLynx pardinus[n=197]). We believe that this data set may stimulate thepublication of other European countries data sets that would certainly contrib-ute to ecology and conservation-related research, and therefore assisting onthe development of more accurate and tailored conservation managementstrategies for each species. There are no copyright restrictions; please cite thisdata paper when the data are used in publications.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio
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