6,419 research outputs found

    Amplification of Quantum Meson Modes in the Late Time of Chiral Phase Transition

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    It is shown that there exists a possibility of amplification of amplitudes of quantum pion modes with low momenta in the late time of chiral phase transition by using the Gaussian wave functional approximation in the O(4) linear sigma model. It is also shown that the amplification occurs in the mechanism of the resonance by forced oscillation as well as the parametric resonance induced by the small oscillation of the chiral condensate. These mechanisms are investigated in both the case of spatially homogeneous system and the spatially expanded system described by the Bjorken coordinate.Comment: 17 pages, 16 figure

    Novel Lifshitz point for chiral transition in the magnetic field

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    Based on the generalized Ginzburg-Landau theory, chiral phase transition is discussed in the presence of magnetic field. Considering the chiral density wave we show chiral anomaly gives rise to an inhomogeneous chiral phase for nonzero quark-number chemical potential. Novel Lifshitz point appears on the vanishing chemical potential line, which may be directly explored by the lattice QCD simulation.Comment: 4pages,2figure

    A new description of motion of the Fermionic SO(2N+2) top in the classical limit under the quasi-anticommutation relation approximation

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    The boson images of fermion SO(2N+1) Lie operators have been given together with those of SO(2N+2) ones. The SO(2N+1) Lie operators are generators of rotation in the (2N+1)-dimensional Euclidian space (N: number of single-particle states of the fermions). The images of fermion annihilation-creation operators must satisfy the canonical anti-commutation relations, when they operate on a spinor subspace. In the regular representation space we use a boson Hamiltonian with Lagrange multipliers to select out the spinor subspace. Based on these facts, a new description of a fermionic SO(2N+2) top is proposed. From the Heisenberg equations of motions for the boson operators, we get the SO(2N+1) self-consistent field (SCF) Hartree-Bogoliubov (HB) equation for the classical stationary motion of the fermion top. Decomposing an SO(2N+1) matrix into matrices describing paired and unpaired modes of fermions, we obtain a new form of the SO(2N+1) SCF equation with respect to the paired-mode amplitudes. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the new description based on the bosonization theory, the extended HB eigenvalue equation is applied to a superconducting toy-model which consists of a particle-hole plus BCS type interaction. It is solved to reach an interesting and exciting solution which is not found in the traditional HB eigenvalue equation, due to the unpaired-mode effects. To complete the new description, the Lagrange multipliers must be determined in the classical limit. For this aim a quasi anti-commutation-relation approximation is proposed. Only if a certain relation between an SO(2N+1) parameter z and the N is satisfied, unknown parameters k and l in the Lagrange multipliers can be determined withuout any inconcistency.Comment: 36 pages, no figures, typos corrected, published versio

    Magnetic ordering and fluctuation in kagome lattice antiferromagnets, Fe and Cr jarosites

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    Jarosite family compounds, KFe_3(OH)_6(SO_4)_2, (abbreviate Fe jarosite), and KCr_3(OH)_6(SO_4)_2, (Cr jarosite), are typical examples of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice and have been investigated by means of magnetization and NMR experiments. The susceptibility of Cr jarosite deviates from Curie-Weiss law due to the short-range spin correlation below about 150 K and shows the magnetic transition at 4.2 K, while Fe jarosite has the transition at 65 K. The susceptibility data fit well with the calculated one on the high temperature expansion for the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice. The values of exchange interaction of Cr jarosite and Fe jarosite are derived to be J_Cr = 4.9 K and J_Fe = 23 K, respectively. The 1H-NMR spectra of Fe jarosite suggest that the ordered spin structure is the q = 0 type with positive chirality of the 120 degrees configuration. The transition is caused by a weak single-ion type anisotropy. The spin-lattice relaxation rate, 1/T_1, of Fe jarosite in the ordered phase decreases sharply with lowering the temperature and can be well explained by the two-magnon process of spin wave with the anisotropy.Comment: REVTeX, 14 pages with 5 figures. Submitted to Canadian Journal of Physic

    Haldane Gap and Hidden Order in the S=2 Antiferromagnetic Quantum Spin Chain

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    We have investigated Haldane's conjecture for the S=2 isotropic antiferromagnetic quantum spin chain with nearest-neighbor exchange J. Using a density matrix renormalization group algorithm for chains up to L=350 spins, we find in the thermodynamic limit a finite spin gap of Delta = 0.085(5)J and a finite spin-spin correlation length xi = 49(1) lattice spacings. We establish the ground state energy per bond to be E_0=-4.761248(1)J. We show that the ground state has a hidden topological order that is revealed in a nonlocal string correlation function. This means that the physics of the S=2 chain can be captured by a valence-bond solid description. We also observe effective free spin-1 states at the ends of an open S=2 chain.Comment: 6 pages, LaTeX 2.09, 3 PostScript figure

    A Note on the Eigenvalue Problem in the su(1,1)-Algebra

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    Normalization constant in the eigenstate appearing in the eigenvalue problem of the su(1,1)-algebra is discussed. This normalization constant is expressed in terms of the Gauss' hypergeometric series which is not absolutely convergent. It is proved that this series is obtained as a certain limit of an absolutely convergent series, which was conjectured in the previous paper.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figure

    On the Eigenvalue Problem of the su(1,1)-Algebra and the Coupling Scheme of Two su(1,1)-Spins

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    After recapitulating the eigenvalue problem of the su(1,1)-algebra in the conventional form, the same problem is treated in an unconventional form, in which the eigenvalue is pure imaginary. Further, the coupling scheme of two su(1,1)-spins is discussed in the framework of two possibilities, in which certain new aspects appear. Finally, the coupling scheme developed in this paper is applied to a concrete example, which will serve boson realization of the so(4)- and the so(3,1)-algebra presented in the next paper.Comment: 19 pages, No figur

    Fluctuation effects in the theory of microphase separation of diblock copolymers in the presence of an electric field

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    We generalize the Fredrickson-Helfand theory of the microphase separation in symmetric diblock copolymer melts by taking into account the influence of a time-independent homogeneous electric field on the composition fluctuations within the self-consistent Hartree approximation. We predict that electric fields suppress composition fluctuations, and consequently weaken the first-order transition. In the presence of an electric field the critical temperature of the order-disorder transition is shifted towards its mean-field value. The collective structure factor in the disordered phase becomes anisotropic in the presence of the electric field. Fluctuational modulations of the order parameter along the field direction are strongest suppressed. The latter is in accordance with the parallel orientation of the lamellae in the ordered state.Comment: 16 page

    Comment on ``Density Matrix Renormalization Group Study of the Haldane Phase in Random One-Dimensional Antiferromagnets"

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    In a recent Letter (PRL 83, 3297 (1999)), Hida presented numerical results indicating that the Haldane phase of the Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin-1 chain is stable against bond randomness, for box distributions of the bond strength, even when the box distribution stretches to zero bond strength. The author thus concluded that the Haldane phase is stable against bond randomness for any distribution of the bond strength, no matter how broad. In this Comment, we (i) point out that the randomness distributions studied in this Letter do not represent the broadest possible distributions, and therefore these numerical results do not lead to the conclusion that the Haldane phase is stable against any randomness; and (ii) provide a semiquantitative estimate of the critical randomness beyond which the Haldane phase yields to the Random Singlet phase, in a specific class of random distribution functions for the bond strength.Comment: A comment on PRL 83, 3297 (1999). One pag
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