9 research outputs found

    Dietary intake changes in adolescent girl after iron deficiency anemia diagnosis

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    Latar Belakang: Defisiensi zat besi dapat terjadi karena rendahnya konsumsi makanan yang mengandung tinggi zat besi dan tingginya konsumsi makanan yang dapat menghambat absorpsi zat besi. Meningkatkan asupan zat gizi adalah salah satu cara paling efektif untuk memutus rantai permasalahan anemia defisiensi zat besi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mempelajari perubahan asupan gizi dan kesadaran akan kesehatan pada remaja perempuan sebelum dan setelah diagnosis anemia defisiensi besi. Metode: Penelitian menggunakan desain kohort dengan subyek sebanyak 62 orang dari 2 Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Wates setelah dilakukan tes hemoglobin (metode cyanmethemoglobin) dan baru didiagnosis anemia defisiensi besi. Asupan energi, zat gizi makro (protein, lemak, karbohidrat), zat gizi mikro (zat besi, vitamin C, tembaga, zink, vitamin B12), faktor penghambat serapan (tanin, oksalat, fitat, serat), juga asupan, buah, sayur, kopi, dan teh diperoleh dengan semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ), 3 bulan sebelum dan 3 bulan setelah diagnosis anemia defisiensi besi. Data dihitung dengan Nutrisurvey® and STATA 12® menggunakan paired T-test. Hasil: Tidak ada perubahan signifikan (p>0,05) pada asupan energi, protein, lemak, zink, vitamin B12, tembaga, serat, tanin, dan oksalat. Terdapat peningkatan signifikan asupan karbohidrat (p=0,0161), zat besi(p=0,0057), fitat (p=0,000), dan vitamin C (p=0,0017). Tidak ada perubahan signifikan rata-rata asupan buah, sayur, dan teh (p>0,05), tetapi konsumsi kopi lebih tinggi (p=0,0018). Kesimpulan: Diagnosis anemia defisiensi besi mengarahkan pada perubahan asupan zat gizi. Subyek menjadi lebih sadar pada asupan zat gizi setelah diagnosis anemia defisiensi besi. Dibutuhkan usaha lebih untuk merubah asupan buah dan sayur yang rendah dan konsumsi teh dan kopi yang tinggi. Kata Kunci: perubahan asupan gizi, kebiasaan makan, remaja perempuan, anemia defisiensi zat besi   Abstract Background: Iron deficiency may happen because of low consumption of foods rich in bioavailable iron and high consumption of foods rich in inhibitors of iron absorption. Improving dietary intake is the most effective way to break the chain of iron deficiency anemia problems. This study aimed to study the changes in dietary intake and health awareness among adolescent girl before and after iron deficiency anemia diagnosis. Method: Cohort study with 62 subjects from 2 junior high school in Wates after hemoglobin test (cyanmethemoglobin method) and were newly iron deficiency anemia diagnosed. Intake of energy, macronutrient (protein, fat, carbohydrate), micronutrient (iron, vitamin C, Copper, Zinc, vitamin B12), inhibitor factors (tannin, oxalate, phytate, fiber), also intake of fruit, vegetable, coffee, and tea, collected using semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ), 3 months before and 3 months after iron deficiency anemia diagnosis. Data calculated with Nutrisurvey® and STATA 12® for paired T-test. Result: No significant changes (p>0,05) in energy, protein, fat, zinc, vitamin B12, copper, fiber, tannin, and oxalate intake. There were significant improvement in intake of carbohydrate (p=0,0161), iron (p=0,0057), phytate (p=0,000), and vitamin C (p=0,0017). No significant changes in mean intake of fruit, vegetable, and tea servings (p>0,05), but higher consumption of coffee (p=0,0018). Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia diagnosis resulted in dietary intake changes. Subjects were more aware of their dietary intake after iron deficiency anemia diagnosis. Small fruit and vegetable intake and high tea and coffee consumption suggested that efforts were needed to encourage dietary changes in these foods. Keywords: dietary changes, eating habit, adolescent girl, iron deficiency anemi

    The Correlation Between the Household Food Security and the Incidence of Stunting in Toddlers 6-59 Months in Seberang Ulu I Palembang

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    Toddlers are one of the vulnerable groups experiencing stunting nutritional problems. Households with good food security can prevent toddlers from nutritional problems such as stunting. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between food security and the incidence of stunting in toddlers in Palembang City, especially in the Seberang Ulu 1 area. The cross-sectional study designs with a sample of 200 toddlers aged 6-59 months in Seberang Ulu I District who were taken by purposive sampling. Data were analyzed of bivariate used the Chi-Square Test (crude) and multiple logistic regression analysis was used as a multivariate analysis (adjusted). The incidence of stunting under five occurs more in households with food insecure conditions, high food expenditure, low income and low maternal education. There was a relationship between household food security and the incidence of stunting (p0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that toddlers in households in food insecure conditions had a 1.7 times higher risk of experiencing stunting than toddlers in households in food secure conditions after controlling for family income. Food insecurity is a risk factor for stunting in toddlers. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that the government provide guidance to increase family income through improving entrepreneurship skills for families in Seberang Ulu 1 to prevent stunting

    Deteksi dan Analisis Faktor Risiko Hipertensi pada Karyawan di Lingkungan Universitas Sriwijaya

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    Office workers are one group with a high proportion of hypertension compared to other types of work. Objectives: To determined the proportion of pre-hypertension, hypertension and risk factors for hypertension among employees in Sriwijaya University. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design at Sriwijaya University, and samples were taken from 4 faculties totaling 152 respondents. Sampling using cluster random sampling technique. Data were collected from September to October 2020. The analysis was carried out in univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis with logistic regression tests. Results: There were 13.2% of employees had hypertension, 40.8% had pre-hypertension, and the risk factor for hypertension among employees was age (p-value = 0.01; OR = 4.76; CI 1.50 <OR <15, 10) after controlling for the variables of the length of work, marriage status and cholesterol levels. Conclusion: There are more than 50% of employees are in a condition of pre-hypertension and hypertension, with age as the main risk; for this reason, employees who are 45 years old are expected to carry out routine health checks with the facilitation of the university and be able to implement the Dietary Approach to Stop hypertension in employees with pre-hypertension / hypertension.Keywords:  DASH, hypertension, pre-hypertension, the risk facto

    PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KANTIN SEHAT: PENGETAHUAN, PERSEPSI, DAN SIKAP MAHASISWA KEDOKTERAN SELAKU KONSUMEN

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    Kantin sehat berperan penting dalam penyediaan makanan bergizi untuk mempertahankan daya tahan tubuh dari berbagai penyakit. Mahasiswa pendidikan dokter membutuhkan kantin sebagai tempat pembelian makanan di sela istirahat perkuliahan dan aktivitas lain yang padat. Sayangnya, kantin di kampus Madang Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya (FK UNSRI) belum dikategorikan sebagai kantin sehat, dan ditutup semenjak pandemi. Pengembangan model kantin sehat menjadi hal yang penting, dan membutuhkan dukungan institusi. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional deskriptif, yang bertujuan mengidentifikasi pengetahuan tentang kantin sehat, persepsi tentang kantin yang tersedia sebelumnya, dan sikap mahasiswa FK UNSRI terhadap pengembangan kantin sehat di kampus. Seluruh mahasiswa aktif angkatan 2018 dan 2019 Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter yang beraktivitas di Kampus Madang, pernah mengonsumsi makanan di kantin kampus, dan bersedia menandatangani formulir kesediaan partisipasi diambil sebagai responden penelitian. Teknik pengambilan sampel insidental, dan pengambilan data dilakukan menggunakan Google Form. Total responden yang berpartisipasi sebanyak 219 orang. Sebanyak 114 responden (52.1%) memiliki pengetahuan baik tentang kantin sehat, dan sisanya masuk dalam kategori kurang baik. Sebagian besar responden (94 orang/42.9%) memiliki persepsi bahwa kantin yang selama ini tersedia sudah Baik. Sebagian besar mahasiswa menyatakan Setuju-Sangat Setuju terhadap inisiatif pengembangan kantin sehat (196 orang/ 89.5%). Sebagian besar setuju bahwa keterlibatan mahasiswa dalam penyelenggaraan kantin sehat adalah penting (164 orang/ 55%), namun ternyata sebagian besar tidak berminat untuk terlibat (135 orang/ 61.6%). Gambaran pengetahuan, persepsi, dan sikap mahasiswa pada penelitian ini dapat dijadikan pertimbangan dalam pengembangan kantin sehat di kampus

    IDENTIFIKASI KADAR ASAM LEMAK JENUH DAN TIDAK JENUH DALAM PRODUK MINUMAN BANANA ISOTONIC DRINK BERBASIS EKSTRAK TEPUNG PISANG KEPOK KUNING (MUSA PARADISIACA FORMAL TYPICAL)

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    Background : the increasing of demand for isotonic drinks boosts the number of the synthetic ingredient isotonic drink production. Isotonic drinks using synthetic ingredient can cause negative effect on health in long time use. Therefore, formulating isotonic drink uses a natural ingredient safe for health is needed. One of the developing isotonic drinks is Banana Isotonic Drink (BID) based on banana flour extraction which is known to have function in rehidration. BID is also planned to be an isotonic drink for athletes. Objective : the aim of the research is to identify the value of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid in banana isotonic drink based on banana flour extraction (Musa Paradisiaca Formal Typical) . Method : the percentage of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid in banana isotonic drink based on banana flour extraction (Musa Paradisiaca Formal Typical) was determined using Gas Chromatography (GC). The results are presented in table and explained descriptively. Result : Saturated and unsaturated fatty acid identified in banana 110 days is arachidat 40,621% and docosahexaenoat 14,318%, in banana flour is palmitat 45,759% and oleat 25,207% whereas in BID is palmitat 50,951% and oleat 16,006%. Conclusion : Banana 110 days, banana flour, and banana isotonic drink contained saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in variety of percentage dominated by Long Chain Fatty Acids (LCFAs). LCFAs can be the source of energy in endurance exercise as saving of glycogen

    PENGARUH SEMINAR ONLINE TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DALAM MENINGKATKAN IMUNITAS UNTUK MENGHADAPI COVID-19 DAN PERSEPSI MENGENAI NEW NORMAL PADA MASYARAKAT AWAM

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    The government has issued a new normal policy with the aim that people can continue to live productively by changing their lifestyle so as to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. One of the measures to prevent and manage COVID-19 is to increase immunity. Online seminars are one of the most important health promotion methods and can be done in the new normal era. This study aims to determine the effect of online seminars on the knowledge and perceptions of the general public. This study used a quasi-experimental pre and post-test design. The sample in this study were all participants who attended online seminars and filled out the pretest and posttest questionnaires. Univariate data analysis shows that the majority of respondents have a mean age of 29.41 years, most of them are women (58.8%), and are students or have not worked (44.7%). Most of the respondents had a good level of initial knowledge about increasing immunity in the face of COVID-19 (68.4%) and a sufficient level of perception of the new normal (49.1%) before attending online seminars. The bivariate data analysis shows that there is a significant increase in knowledge about increasing immunity in the face of COVID-19 in the new normal before and after attending an online seminar with a p-value = 0.000 (p-value <0.05). Online seminars are the right way to promote health in increasing knowledge about immunity to deal with COVID-19 and perceptions of the new normal in ordinary people.

    Determining Community Lifestyle in Sumatra Island during COVID-19 Pandemic Time

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    COVID-19 is a contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. This study aims to look at factors related to the lifestyle of people on the island of Sumatra during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study used a cross-sectional design with 2020 respondents with age criteria over 16 who lived on the island of Sumatra. The questionnaire in this study was in the form of an e-survey using Google form media and distributed through social media (WhatsApp, Facebook, and Instagram). Chi-square test was used to analyze the relationship between lifestyle factors in men and women with a level of P &lt; 0.05 and the logistic regression analysis test. The results of this study indicate that there was significant relationship between men and women on smoking behavior (odds ratio [OR] = 142.286; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.134–1997.783), duration of physical activity (OR = 0.473; 95% CI: 0.359–0.624), food consumption (OR = 3.356; 95% CI: 1.672–6.737), salt consumption (OR = 1.596; 95% CI: 1.131–2.251), oil consumption (OR = 1.463; 95% CI: 1.043–2.050), water consumption (OR = 0.652; 95% CI: 0.475–0.895), and hand washing (OR = 4.130; 95% CI: 1.567–10.883). The community is expected to reduce smoking habits, adopt a healthy lifestyle by doing physical activity, consuming salt, oil, and air according to balanced nutrition and implementing hand habits to prevent the impact of COVID-19

    Implementation of Clean and Healthy Lifestyles and Social-Physical Distancing by Indonesian Students During the New Normal of Covid-19 Pandemic

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    Applying a clean and healthy lifestyle is one of the measures to prevent the massive transmission of COVID-19. This study aimed to determine the application of a clean and healthy lifestyle and social-physical distancing carried out by Indonesian students during the new normal of COVID-19. This research was conducted in June 2020 with a cross-sectional study approach, with the number of respondents being 5,924 students in Indonesia. The technique of filling out the questionnaire was done online by Google Forms. Furthermore, respondents would be asked to fill in the available consent letter and answer questions. Based on the results, most respondents were female students with majors in health (3,982 respondents) from undergraduate study programs (2,529 respondents). The place of residence during the pandemic was staying home with the family (2,715 respondents). A clean and healthy lifestyle involves several variables. Those were included touching eyes, nose, and mouth; using hand sanitizer; keeping a mask; opening the door with elbows; touching public equipment; shaking hands; touching with family; washing hands with soap; cleaning; changing clothes; washing masks; personal equipment; and washing hands directly after arrival had a significant relationship, with p<0.005, and p<0.002 for soaking clothes was also significantly related. Therefore, the clean and healthy lifestyle conducted by respondents could be undergone improvement. Also, respondents did not follow the health protocols, which might trigger COVID-19 transmission
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