29 research outputs found

    How can development programs empower women's entrepreneurship through social innovation?

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    Women in developing nations are facing many challenges in order to become entrepreneurs. Inequalities are common both in the working environment and the society. The unemployment among youth, in particular women, is a severe problem in many developing countries, including Uganda in East Africa. Organisations and development programs across the world are trying to address and solve these challenges. For this, the relevance of social innovation has grown in the last years. However, the challenges that women face are complex and cover many areas. Furthermore, difficulties exist when addressing challenges through methodologies around social innovation and research in the field is limited. This study aims to identify which challenges female entrepreneurs face in Uganda and how development programs can address these issues and help empower the women through the use of social innovation. The study builds on a case of a specific development program, A Working Future, conducted by Plan International Uganda. Qualitative interviews were conducted with Ugandan women and different management teams within Plan International Uganda. The empirical findings were based on a theoretical framework consisting of social innovation, including design thinking and entrepreneurship, including external environment analysis

    Med snuset i fickan: en beskrivande och analyserande studie av snusande ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv

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    The aim of this essay was to describe and analyse the use of snuff as a social activity. By accomplishing eight qualitative interviews with snuff-users I wanted to get a glimpse into their relationship to the snuff and find out in which situations and frames of mind the snuff-use alter. I also wanted to find out if age, class or gender has any affect in snuff-using. The interviews were analysed in a sociological perspective with help from Erving Goffmans and Joseph Gusfields ideas, among others. I found out that each snuff-user creates his own rituals and routines, but there are factors in daily life, which can change the use of snuff. I did not find any differences according to class or age and snuff-using, however I did find a few differences according to gender

    En nationell sorg En analys av effekterna av mordet på utrikesminister Anna Lindh utifrån ett nationalistiskt perspektiv

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    In September 2003 the Swedish minister of foreign affairs Anna Lindh was murdered. The murder shocked Sweden and the picture of a safe homeland was challenged. The Swedish people joined together in different manifestations and rituals to show their appreciation for the minister and to mourn together. A few days later the nation was going to vote on whether Sweden should join the euro and the minister was involved in the campaign. The aim for this thesis is to understand how this national crisis was handled in Sweden. To study this I have used theories of nationalism and ritual. My material has mainly been memorial books and newspaper articles from this period. I argue that this crisis made the nation question its self-image and made a transformation necessary. By using the ritual concept of rites de passage I argue that the nation acted like a nation where no conflicts existed the days before the referendum. My argument is also that the murder is incorporated in a national mythology where Lindh becomes a national hero and that the memory of these events is a part of a national self-image. Keywords: Anna Lindh, national grief, rites de passage, referendum on the euro, national mytholog

    Spring water chemical composition in Sigulda district

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    Darba mērķis ir pētīt Siguldas apkārtnē esošo avotu ūdens ķīmiskā sastāva īpašības, to mainību un atkarību no vietas ģeoloģiskās uzbūves, kā arī antropogēnās ietekmes. Paralēli avotu ūdens izpētei, tika veikta pazemes ūdeņu pašreizējās kvalitātes salīdzinājums ar vēsturiskiem datiem, analizējot arhīvu materiālus – aku un avotu pases, lai noskaidrotu, vai sastāvs ir būtiski mainījies un kādi ir izmaiņas ietekmējošie faktori. Bakalaura darba ietvaros autore apzināja LVĢMC arhīvu materiālus, iepazinās ar veicamo darbu metodiku un zinātnisko literatūru. Tika apskatītas pazemes ūdeņu īpašības un to piesārņojumu ietekmējošie faktori, avotu klasifikācija un likumdošana ūdens resursu aizsardzībai. Ķīmisko analīžu rezultāti tika izmantoti avotu ūdens sastāva izpētes un klasifikācijas noteikšanai. Tika izdarīti secinājumi par ūdeņu sastāvu ietekmējošajiem faktoriem un Siguldas apkārtnē iegulošo avotu ūdens mainību gadu un mēnešu gaitā. Gadu gaitas mainība tika izvērtēta, salīdzinot 2011. gada avotu ūdens ķīmisko sastāvu ar Latvijas Vides, ģeoloģijas un meteoroloģijas centrā pieejamo avotu un aku pasu datiem. Mēnešu mainības salīdzināšana tika veikta Kaļķu gravas avotā, analizējot avota ūdens paraugus vienpadsmit mēnešu laikā. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no 65 lapaspusēm un ir papildināts ar ilustratīvo materiālu - 27 attēliem, 4 tabulām un 5 pielikumiem. Atslēgas vārdi – avots, pazemes ūdens, pazemes ūdeņu pētījumu metodes, ķīmiskais sastāvs, likumdošana.The aim of the present bachelor paper is to study the properties of chemical composition of spring water in Sigulda vicinity, its variability and dependence on the geological structure of the place as well as anthropogenic influence. Besides the research of spring water, comparison of present quality of subterranean water and historical data was made by analysing public records – well and spring registers – in order to find out whether the composition has considerably changed and which factors have influenced the changes. In the framework of the bachelor paper, the author has gathered information from the public records of Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (LEGMC) and has acquainted herself with the methodology of tasks as well as scientific literature. The properties of subterranean water and the factors influencing its pollution have been studied as well as spring classification and the legislation of protection of water resources. The results of chemical analyses were used for evaluation water composition and state its classification. Conclusion was drawn in regard to the factors influencing water composition as well as variability of spring water in Sigulda vicinity over the years and months. Variability over the years was assessed by comparing the chemical composition of water in year 2011 and the data accessible at LEGMC. The comparison of variability over the months was made by analysing the samples of Kalkugrava spring water in the period of 11 months. The bachelor work consists of 65 pages and is supplemented with illustrations - pictures 27, tabeles 4 and appendixes 5. The following key words have been used in the paper – spring, wells, subterranean water, methods of researching subterranean water, chemical composition and legislation

    Framgångsrik läsförståelseundervisning : - En systematisk litteraturstudie

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    Flera internationella studier som PIRLS och PISA visar att svenska elever har en allt sämre läsförståelse. Läsningen på mellanstadiet präglas av ett allt större behov av att utveckla läsförståelse. Den skönlitterära läsningen kräver en särskilt sorts läsande som kännetecknas av en öppenhet, där läsare i högre grad utforskar horisonter och där budskap inte alltid är givna. Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie är att undersöka hur läsförståelseundervisning av skönlitteratur kan genomföras på ett framgångsrikt sätt, för mellanstadieelever i ämnet svenska. Utgångspunkten för studien är nio vetenskapliga artiklar som genom tematisk analys har synliggjort tre bärande teman: undervisningsmetoder, läsförståelsestrategier och metakognition. Litteraturstudiens resultat indikerar att förutsättningen för en framgångsrik undervisning är att läsförståelsestrategier samspelar med en medveten explicit strategiundervisning, där elevers metakognitiva lärande är centralt, för att de ska bli starka och självständiga läsare.

    Promoting the Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Literature Review Focusing on the Role of Nursing Leadership.

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    Objectives: Despite a growing interest in evidence-based practice (EBP), the implementation into clinical practice of knowledge derived from research has proved to be a cumbersome process. Additionally, the literature seems to present a fragmented picture with research mainly focusing on a few factors of possible importance, among which leadership appears to be one of the more important. Thus, this study aimed to systematically review the literature regarding leadership and its possible influence on the process of implementing EBP. Approach: A literature review was conducted. Electronic database searches were conducted to identify studies on leadership, administrators, managers, implementation, evidence-based and nursing. The search identified 43 potentially relevant papers, of which 36 were excluded after an appraisal was performed by two independent reviewers. Results were extracted and synthesised into a narrative text. Findings: Seven papers were included in the literature review. The findings can be divided into three major areas: (1) characteristics of the leader, (2) characteristics of the organisation and (3) characteristics of the culture. Our findings indicate that leadership is vital for the process of implementing EBP in nursing and also highlights the possible importance of the organisation and the culture in which the leader operates. These factors together with their characteristics were interpreted to be intrinsic in the creation of a nursing milieu that is open and responsive to the implementation of EBP. Conclusions: Although there seems to be scholarly agreement that leadership is a vital part of the process of implementing EBP, more rigorous research is needed concerning the possible role of the leader. Our findings also indicate that leadership cannot be studied in isolation or without being clearly defined

    Evidensbaserad omvårdnad : en bro mellan forskning och klinisk verksamhe

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    Evidensbaserad omvårdnad definieras i denna bok som både ett förhållningssätt och en process. Förhållningssättet innebär en vilja att använda bästa tillgängliga vetenskapliga bevis som underlag för vårdbeslut. Processen består i hur man praktiskt går tillväga för att finna, sammanställa, kritiskt värdera och implementera detta underlag. Evidensbaserad omvårdnad handlar således om en strävan att bedriva omvårdnad på en god och säker grund och att tillgodose samhällets krav på att forskningsresultat utnyttjas på bästa sätt. Denna fjärde upplaga har förtydligats och alla länkar samt webbadresser har uppdaterats. Ett nytt avsnitt om ledarskapets betydelse för implementering av evidens har tillkommit. På bokens webbsida finns en film som visar evidensbaserad omvårdnad i klinisk verksamhet

    Potential Effects on Travelers' Air Pollution Exposure and Associated Mortality Estimated for a Mode Shift from Car to Bicycle Commuting

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    This study aims to use dispersion-modeled concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and black carbon (BC) to estimate bicyclist exposures along a network of roads and bicycle paths. Such modeling was also performed in a scenario with increased bicycling. Accumulated concentrations between home and work were thereafter calculated for both bicyclists and drivers of cars. A transport model was used to estimate traffic volumes and current commuting preferences in Stockholm County. The study used individuals' home and work addresses, their age, sex, and an empirical model estimate of their expected physical capacity in order to establish realistic bicycle travel distances. If car commuters with estimated physical capacity to bicycle to their workplace within 30 min changed their mode of transport to bicycle, >110,000 additional bicyclists would be achieved. Time-weighted mean concentrations along paths were, among current bicyclists, reduced from 25.8 to 24.2 mu g/m(3) for NOx and 1.14 to 1.08 mu g/m(3) for BC. Among the additional bicyclists, the yearly mean NOx dose from commuting increased from 0.08 to 1.03 mu g/m(3). This would be expected to yearly cause 0.10 fewer deaths for current bicycling levels and 1.7 more deaths for additional bicycling. This increased air pollution impact is much smaller than the decrease in the total population