369 research outputs found

    How Does Exploring Self and Peer-Identity Through Artmaking Strengthen Student-Peer Relationships?

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    This arts-based action research study was created to examine the effects of artmaking on the development of student-peer relationships. Conducted through a four month analysis, 25 fifth grade students, from the same class, were examined through survey questionnaire, critique and interpretation process. Through the course of this study, this research investigation will study 10 randomly selected students, from the same class of inquiry, to examine their artistic process in relation to the development or strengthening of student-peer relationships. From the 10 focal participants, I analyzed sketchbook documentation, artwork with written description, and recorded semi structured interviews. This study will explore the layered process of artmaking in connection to the development of student-peer interactions. The foundational question of this study is: How does exploring self and peer-identity through artmaking strengthen student-peer relationships? Data collected consisted of self-identity research documented in sketchbooks, symbolic self-portraits accompanied with a written description, pre and post survey and questionnaire, critique and interpretation followed by a semi-structured interview. Furthermore, this study will contribute to the numerous methods of building and strengthening relationships in the attempt to improve classroom communities

    The Correlation of Caffeine Levels Consumption with Sleep Quality Levels of Active Students

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    Introduction: Caffeine is one of the many stimulants found in popular foods and beverages consumed bythe global population. Caffeine has many benefits if it is consumed in accordance with recommended daily doses, such as reducing fatigue and facilitating activity. Caffeine consumption in excess is detrimental to the body, particularly the quality of sleep. Numerous students consume caffeine with the intention of enhancing daytime performance, but they disregard its negative effects, particularly on sleep quality. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using data collected with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and a questionnaire for caffeine content based on BPOM for active students at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University, classes of 2019–2021. The Spearman test was performed to determine the relationship between the independent variable (caffeine intake) and the dependent variable (sleep quality levels). Results: There were forty respondents who satisfied the inclusion criteria. 20% of respondents had good sleep quality, whereas 80% of respondents had poor sleep quality. 60% of respondents consumed low amounts of caffeine or none at all (<32 mg), while 40% consumed high amounts of caffeine (>151mg). The analysis utilizing the Spearman test revealed that some outcomes had no effect (p = 0.876) while others did (r = 0.026). Conclusions: There is no correlation between caffeine consumption and sleep quality among active students at Atma Jaya Catholic University's School of Medicine and Health Sciences

    Deciphering the Climate Change Conundrum in Zimbabwe: An Exposition

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    The notion that climate change has created development opportunities largely remains poorly understood despite phenomenal evidence that points toward positive gains across the broad socio-economic spectrum. Current understanding has largely concentrated on the negative effects of climate change, with limited exposition on the benefits associated with climatic responses. This article collates and reviews evidence that interventions to curtail climate change impacts have unlocked several development opportunities and potentially contribute in improving the living standards of many communities in Zimbabwe. It argues that although climate change effects permeate all the socio-economic development sectors of the country, the collective interventions by government, development partners and individuals on mitigation and adaptation actions could lead to a development trajectory that is evident in a number of indicators toward poverty alleviation, particularly through improved food, energy, water, and health access. The article, however, questions the sustainability of these unfolding benefits and advises on the need to enhance mechanisms for climatic programming in the country’s development plans, policies and strategies


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    Bananas are the most consumed fruit by the people of Indonesia. This fruit has many health benefits including improving digestion, treating anemia, healthy bones, and improving nerve function. The nutritional content contained in bananas is carbohydrates, sugar, dietary fiber, fat, protein, vitamins, and minerals such as sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc. This study aims to determine the sodium content in golden bananas. The assay was carried out using an air-acetylene flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Quantitative analysis of sodium was carried out at a wavelength of 589.6 nm. The results of the study concluded that the sodium content of golden bananas was 1.8647 mg/100g. The results of the relative standard deviation test are 15% and have good precision because the results obtained for analytes with levels of parts per million are not more than 16% (Harmita, 2004)

    Descent groups among cognatic societies: the Dusun tribes of Inland Sabah/North Borneo

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    In the following discussion, the authors present a comparison of various societies in Borneo which includes for the first time a society that features descent groups. The claim that the Dusun society of the Upper Labuk River in inland North Borneo or Sabah possesses descent groups is one that has yet to be acknowledged in the wider Borneo literature. Descent groups are typically representative of some form of lineally ordered kinship system. Claims that unilineal or ambilineal kinship systems might exist in Borneo have been greeted with little interest, with caution or sometimes with outright rejection. By comparing the social groups produced by the Dusun society of the Upper Labuk River against the social groups produced by the more typical cognatic societies of Borneo, we are putting forward the claim that kinship systems are, at least in this region, a matter of great importance to the kind of social groups that are subsequently produced. The authors are not, however, claiming that lineally ordered kinship systems are in and of themselves able to produce structurally stable groups. Although the following discussion does necessarily refer to one model of tribal organisation derived from a lineally ordered society in Africa, it goes on to show that the lineally ordered Dusun tribes of Borneo were uniquely a product of local arrangements established for the purpose of accommodating a native customary law prohibiting marriages between close cousins

    Effect of Prior Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Compression Testing on Second Assessor Findings: Implications for Inter-Examiner Reliability Testing

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    BACKGROUND: Osteopathic physicians use palpation to diagnose sacroiliac joint somatic dysfunction (SD) -- including the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS) Compression Test for dysfunctional side lateralization. (Literature suggests right-sided lateralization in 80% of asymptomatic individuals). Accurate, reliable tests are crucial however to diagnose SD and kappa (κ) analysis is a gold-standard to determine the degree of interexaminer reliability for tests. Few studies have examined the effect the palpatory examination has on subsequent diagnostic findings and therefore on κ-values