6,303 research outputs found

    On one-point functions for sinh-Gordon model at finite temperature

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    Using fermionic basis we conjecture the exact formulae for the expectation values of local fields in sinh-Gordon model. The conjecture is checked against previously known results.Comment: 21 pages, some explanation on relation to the lattice model is adde

    Reflection relations and fermionic basis

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    There are two approaches to computing the one-point functions for sine-Gordon model in infinite volume. One is a bootstrap type procedure based on the reflection relations. Another uses the fermionic basis which was originally found for the lattice six-vertex model. In this paper we show that the two approaches are deeply interrelated.Comment: 17 pages; several typos are correcte

    The Perlick system type I: from the algebra of symmetries to the geometry of the trajectories

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    In this paper, we investigate the main algebraic properties of the maximally superintegrable system known as "Perlick system type I". All possible values of the relevant parameters, KK and β\beta, are considered. In particular, depending on the sign of the parameter KK entering in the metrics, the motion will take place on compact or non compact Riemannian manifolds. To perform our analysis we follow a classical variant of the so called factorization method. Accordingly, we derive the full set of constants of motion and construct their Poisson algebra. As it is expected for maximally superintegrable systems, the algebraic structure will actually shed light also on the geometric features of the trajectories, that will be depicted for different values of the initial data and of the parameters. Especially, the crucial role played by the rational parameter β\beta will be seen "in action".Comment: 16 pages, 7 figure

    Heisenberg-type higher order symmetries of superintegrable systems separable in cartesian coordinates

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    Heisenberg-type higher order symmetries are studied for both classical and quantum mechanical systems separable in cartesian coordinates. A few particular cases of this type of superintegrable systems were already considered in the literature, but here they are characterized in full generality together with their integrability properties. Some of these systems are defined only in a region of Rn\mathbb R^n, and in general they do not include bounded solutions. The quantum symmetries and potentials are shown to reduce to their superintegrable classical analogs in the ℏ→0\hbar \to0 limit.Comment: 23 Pages, 3 figures, To appear in Nonlinearit

    Superintegrability of the Fock-Darwin system

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    The Fock-Darwin system is analysed from the point of view of its symmetry properties in the quantum and classical frameworks. The quantum Fock-Darwin system is known to have two sets of ladder operators, a fact which guarantees its solvability. We show that for rational values of the quotient of two relevant frequencies, this system is superintegrable, the quantum symmetries being responsible for the degeneracy of the energy levels. These symmetries are of higher order and close a polynomial algebra. In the classical case, the ladder operators are replaced by ladder functions and the symmetries by constants of motion. We also prove that the rational classical system is superintegrable and its trajectories are closed. The constants of motion are also generators of symmetry transformations in the phase space that have been integrated for some special cases. These transformations connect different trajectories with the same energy. The coherent states of the quantum superintegrable system are found and they reproduce the closed trajectories of the classical one.Comment: 21 pages,16 figure

    Discrete derivatives and symmetries of difference equations

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    We show on the example of the discrete heat equation that for any given discrete derivative we can construct a nontrivial Leibniz rule suitable to find the symmetries of discrete equations. In this way we obtain a symmetry Lie algebra, defined in terms of shift operators, isomorphic to that of the continuous heat equation.Comment: submitted to J.Phys. A 10 Latex page
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