108 research outputs found

    Hairy Black Holes in Massive Gravity: Thermodynamics and Phase Structure

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    The thermodynamic properties of a static and spherically symmetric hairy black hole solution arising in massive gravity with spontaneous Lorentz breaking are investigated. The analysis is carried out by enclosing the black hole in a spherical cavity whose surface is maintained at a fixed temperature TT. It turns out that the ensemble is well-defined only if the "hair" parameter QQ characterizing the solution is conserved. Under this condition we compute some relevant thermodynamic quantities, such as the thermal energy and entropy, and we study the stability and phase structure of the ensemble. In particular, for negative values of the hair parameter, the phase structure is isomorphic to the one of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in the canonical ensemble. Moreover, the phase-diagram in the plan (Q,TQ,T) has a line of first-order phase transition that at a critical value of QQ terminates in a second-order phase transition. Below this line the dominant phase consists of small, cold black holes that are long-lived and may thus contribute much more to the energy density of the Universe than what is observationally allowed for radiating black holes.Comment: 12 pages, 11 figures, relevant references added, match the published versio

    From Boltzmann equations to steady wall velocities

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    By means of a relativistic microscopic approach we calculate the expansion velocity of bubbles generated during a first-order electroweak phase transition. In particular, we use the gradient expansion of the Kadanoff-Baym equations to set up the fluid system. This turns out to be equivalent to the one found in the semi-classical approach in the non-relativistic limit. Finally, by including hydrodynamic deflagration effects and solving the Higgs equations of motion in the fluid, we determine velocity and thickness of the bubble walls. Our findings are compared with phenomenological models of wall velocities. As illustrative examples, we apply these results to three theories providing first-order phase transitions with a particle content in the thermal plasma that resembles the Standard Model.Comment: 40 pages, 8 figures; v2: added references, version published in JCA

    Electroweak vacuum stability and finite quadratic radiative corrections

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    If the Standard Model (SM) is an effective theory, as currently believed, it is valid up to some energy scale Λ\Lambda to which the Higgs vacuum expectation value is sensitive throughout radiative quadratic terms. The latter ones destabilize the electroweak vacuum and generate the SM hierarchy problem. For a given perturbative Ultraviolet (UV) completion, the SM cutoff can be computed in terms of fundamental parameters. If the UV mass spectrum involves several scales the cutoff is not unique and each SM sector has its own UV cutoff Λi\Lambda_i. We have performed this calculation assuming the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is the SM UV completion. As a result, from the SM point of view, the quadratic corrections to the Higgs mass are equivalent to finite threshold contributions. For the measured values of the top quark and Higgs masses, and depending on the values of the different cutoffs Λi\Lambda_i, these contributions can cancel even at renormalization scales as low as multi-TeV, unlike the case of a single cutoff where the cancellation only occurs at Planckian energies, a result originally obtained by Veltman. From the MSSM point of view, the requirement of stability of the electroweak minimum under radiative corrections is incorporated into the matching conditions and provides an extra constraint on the Focus Point solution to the little hierarchy problem in the MSSM. These matching conditions can be employed for precise calculations of the Higgs sector in scenarios with heavy supersymmetric fields.Comment: 36 pages, 5 figures; v2: logarithm corrections included, figures improved, references adde

    Bounding the speed of gravity with gravitational wave observations

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    The time delay between gravitational wave signals arriving at widely separated detectors can be used to place upper and lower bounds on the speed of gravitational wave propagation. Using a Bayesian approach that combines the first three gravitational wave detections reported by the LIGO collaboration we constrain the gravitational waves propagation speed c_gw to the 90% credible interval 0.55 c < c_gw < 1.42 c, where c is the speed of light in vacuum. These bounds will improve as more detections are made and as more detectors join the worldwide network. Of order twenty detections by the two LIGO detectors will constrain the speed of gravity to within 20% of the speed of light, while just five detections by the LIGO-Virgo-Kagra network will constrain the speed of gravity to within 1% of the speed of light.Comment: Version published in PRL. 5 pages, 3 figure

    Confronting SUSY models with LHC data via electroweakino production

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    We investigate multi-lepton signals produced by ElectroWeakino (EWino) decays in the MSSM and the TMSSM scenarios with sfermions, gluinos and non Standard Model Higgses at the TeV scale, being the Bino electroweak-scale dark matter. We recast the present LHC constraints on EWinos for these models and we find that wide MSSM and TMSSM parameter regions prove to be allowed. We forecast the number of events expected in the signal regions of the experimental multi-lepton analyses in the next LHC runs. The correlations among these numbers will help to determine whether future deviations in multi-lepton data are ascribable to the EWinos, as well as the supersymmetric model they originate from.Comment: 33 pages, 10 figures, 3 table

    Probing primordial black holes at high redshift with future gravitational wave detector

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    We analyze the detection prospects for potential Primordial Black Hole Binary (PBHB) populations buried in the Stellar-Origin Black Hole Binary (SOBHB) population inferred by the LVK collaboration. We consider different PBHB population scenarios and several future Gravitational Wave (GW) detectors. To separate the PBHB component from the SOBHB one, we exploit the prediction that the PBHB merger rate does not decline as fast as the SOBHB one at high redshift. However, only a tiny fraction of PBHB events may be resolved individually, and the sub-threshold events may yield an undetectable Stochastic GW Background (SGWB). For this reason, we determine the statistical significance of the PBHB contributions in the number of resolvable events seen in future Earth-based detectors and the SGWB measured at LISA. We find that the synergy between these probes will consistently help assess whether or not a sizeable PBHB population is present.Comment: 31 pages, 8 figure

    Radion dynamics, heavy Kaluza-Klein resonances and gravitational waves

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    We study the confinement/deconfinement phase transition of the radion field in a warped model with a polynomial bulk potential. The backreaction of the radion on the metric is taken into account by using the superpotential formalism, while the radion effective potential is obtained from a novel formulation which can incorporate the backreaction. The phase transition leads to a stochastic gravitational wave background that depends on the energy scale of the first Kaluza-Klein resonance, mKKm_{\textrm{KK}}. This work completes previous studies in the following aspects: i) we detail the evaluation of the radion spectrum; ii) we report on the mismatches between the thick wall approximation and the numerical bounce solution; iii) we include a suppression factor in the spectrum of sound waves accounting for their finite lifetime; and, iv) we update the bound on mKKm_{\textrm{KK}} in view of the O3 LIGO and Virgo data. We find that the forthcoming gravitational wave interferometers can probe scenarios where mKK≲109m_{\textrm{KK}} \lesssim 10^9 TeV, while the O3-run bounds rule out warped models with 104TeV≲mKK≲10710^4 \textrm{TeV} \lesssim m_{\textrm{KK}} \lesssim 10^7 TeV exhibiting an extremely strong confinement/deconfinement phase transition.Comment: 16 pages, 7 figures; v2 extended version: added references and Figs. 2, 3, 5 and 7 (lower panels), Figs. 6 and 7 (upper panels) updated, extended discussion in Secs. 3.3, 4, 5 and 6. Talk given by E.Megias at the 9th International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics (ICNFP 2020), 4 Sep - 2 Oct 2020, Kolymbari, Crete, Greec
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