329 research outputs found

    Structure, Conduct and Performance of Value Chain in Seaweed farming in India

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    Among the three types of technologies available in the fisheries sector in India, seaweed farming, initially promoted as a livelihood option, has emerged as the one area which probably has the maximum potential for up-scaling. This paper has examined the structure, conduct and performance of the value chain in seaweed farming in India inquiring into the production, institutional, marketing, social and community relationships in small-scale seaweed farming in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu and the concept of self-help groups (SHG) as an increasingly workable option for coastal resources management. The value chain analysis of the sector has substantially proved that committed and synergistic production, marketing and institutional arrangements enabled by corporate leadership, offers considerable savings in transaction costs. The SHG model has also shown strong gender orientation in the initial years of seaweed culture in the district contributing to strong structural foundations to the movement. The seaweed sector in the coastal India has all the potential to rise from the low-income conditions normally associated with basic livelihood activities to higher levels of employment-income-consumption relationships.Agricultural and Food Policy,

    Economic analysis of cage culture of sea bass

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    Open sea cage farming can be referred to as the method of culturing aquatic organisms in enclosed cages made of various materials in the seas. The true cage farming is of recent origin and a well established practice in Southeast Asian countries. The practice developed independently in a number of countries, all in Southeast Asia. Presently, cage culture is developing fast and turning to a highly commercialized business activity in many Asian countries

    Maximum economic yield and its importance in fisheries management

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    Fishery resources are renewable natural resource but are liable to become extinct (as witnessed in many cases across the globe) if continuous and indiscriminate harvest is adopted Here the size of the stock (population) depends on the biological, economic and social considerations. Since fisheries resources are mostly coming under common property resources, its management becomes a complex issue (due to which a comprehensive management measure could not be exercised) and we have to resort to various management intervention options to ensure sustainable harvest as well as to maintain inter and intra generational equity. The management issue gains more significance in India wherein species diversity is very high and so the diversity among the fishing communities involved in fishing operations. “In an open access regime like fishery, negative externalities are many, which implies that uncontrolled fishery will bound to end up in what is called tragedy of commons.’ (Grafton et.al, 2006)

    Economic valuation of marine ecosystem services

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    The marine and coastal ecosystem provides a variety of services. Fisheries is an important provisioning service with supplements from supporting and cultural services. The potential services that can be provided by the marine coastal ecosystem includes, sustainable catch, which provides assured income to the fishers, regulates natural phenomena as certain marine fauna acts as bio-filters, provides a rich treasure of marine bio-diversity

    Economic efficiency in fishing operations-Technology, Exploitation and Sustainability Issues

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    India being a republic with the essence of federal principles encapsulated in its constitution has vested very important responsibilities and power with its 28 states and 6 union territories. According to the constitution the state legislatures have the power to make laws and regulations with respect to a number of subject matters including water, land, fisheries as well as the preservation, protection and improvement of stock and the prevention of animal disease. As regards the implementation of strictures and regulations on mattered concerned with the natural resources like fish the three major branches of the nation play equally important roles. They are the legislative, judicial and executive branches, which have been clearly envisaged under the constitution

    Understanding Household Economy

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    Household economy is the strength of our nation. The above words from a film song advise the people to restrict their expense within their means of income. If it exceeds, he or she has to be in trouble. This is the fulcrum for any economy be it a householdor nation. Everyone has to accept that our nation is made of millions of households, which has their own management methods

    Tradeoffs in Fisheries -Sustainability and Development

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    Fishery resources are renewable natural resources but not in-exhaustible. The threat of extinction or over-exploitation due to indiscriminate fishing practice is being witnessed at different countries. One of the important aim of the fisheries management is to develop programme for sustainable fishing. The concept of sustainable fishing focuses on maintaining inter and intra-generational equity in the parlance of resource economics

    Domestic fish marketing opportunities for marine fisheries sector in India

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    Fisheries have emerged as the fastest growing food productionsector in the Indian economy. The market performance has transformed fisheries from subsistence sector to the status of a multi~crore industry during the last six decades. Besides, serving as sources of income,employment, livelihood, food security, the sector also provides a comparatively cheaper source of animal protein to the population

    Price policy and fish marketing system in India

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    An efficient Price Policy of fish or any other commodity aims at to ensure the services of middlemen at minimum cost. In other words, the pricing efficiency is concerned with improving the operation of buying, selling and other connected aspects of marketing process so that it will remain responsive to consumer behavior. Further, modem fish marketing policy should envisage not only meeting the existing demand for fish but also tapping the potential demand

    Techno economic efficiency of resource use in trawl fishing in Andhra Pradesh-a case study in Kakinada

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    Fisheries sector in India has transformed from subsistence level to the status of an industry in the last five decades and contributes about 1.4 per cent to the country's GOP. Mechanization of fishing (mainly trawl fishing) is one of the factors responsible for this transformation. Presently about 47,000 mechanized crafts operate in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone, harvesting the fishery resources in the inshore waters (0-50 m depth) and even beyond. In trawl fishing, the fishermen follow different fishing methods like multiday or voyage fishing, lasting for about 5 to 12 days to get more catch and hence, income. These methods have not only brought higher catch but also caused the indiscriminate exploitation of commercially important fishery resources. This necessitates assessing the technical and economic efficiency of input use in trawl fishing to ascertain optimization of resource use, and hence the present study was carried out at Kakinada of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh
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