325 research outputs found

    Optimization Algorithms Based on Renormalization Group

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    Global changes of states are of crucial importance in optimization algorithms. We review some heuristic algorithms in which global updates are realized by a sort of real-space renormalization group transformation. Emphasis is on the relationship between the structure of low-energy excitations and ``block-spins'' appearing in the algorithms. We also discuss the implication of existence of a finite-temperature phase transition on the computational complexity of the ground-state problem.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figure

    Universal Jump in the Helicity Modulus of the Two-Dimensional Quantum XY Model

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    The helicity modulus of the S=1/2 XY model is precisely estimated through a world line quantum Monte Carlo method enhanced by a cluster update algorithm. The obtained estimates for various system sizes and temperatures are well fitted by a scaling form with L replaced by \log(L/L_0), which is inferred from the solution of the Kosterlitz renormalization group equation. The validity of the Kosterlitz-Thouless theory for this model is confirmed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Phase Transition in Potts Model with Invisible States

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    We study phase transition in the ferromagnetic Potts model with invisible states that are added as redundant states by mean-field calculation and Monte Carlo simulation. Invisible states affect the entropy and the free energy, although they do not contribute to the internal energy. The internal energy and the number of degenerated ground states do not change, if invisible states are introduced into the standard Potts model. A second-order phase transition takes place at finite temperature in the standard qq-state ferromagnetic Potts model on two-dimensional lattice for q=2,3q=2,3, and 4. However, our present model on two-dimensional lattice undergoes a first-order phase transition with spontaneous qq-fold symmetry breaking (q=2,3q=2,3, and 4) due to entropy effect of invisible states. We believe that our present model is a fundamental model for analysis of a first-order phase transition with spontaneous discrete symmetry breaking.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

    Supersolid of Hardcore Bosons on the Face Centered Cubic Lattice

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    We investigate a supersolid state in hardcore boson models on the face-centered-cubic (FCC) lattice. The supersolid state is characterized by a coexistence of crystalline order and superfluidity. Using a quantum Monte Carlo method based on the directed-loop algorithm, we calculate static structure factors and superfluid density at finite temperature, from which we obtain the phase diagram. The supersolid phase exists at intermediate fillings between a three-quarter-filled solid phase and a half-filled solid phase. We also discuss the mechanism of the supersolid state on the FCC lattice.Comment: 5pages, 6figure