17 research outputs found

    Porous CuO catalysed green synthesis of some novel 3-alkylated indoles as potent antitubercular agents

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    AbstractA green multicomponent one pot synthesis of novel 2-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-5,5-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,3-diones (4a–l) in excellent yields was conveniently carried out in aqueous medium at room temperature over mpCuO as heterogeneous catalyst. The synthesised 3-alkylated indoles were characterised by FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRLCMS. The nanocatalyst was facially synthesised via a green sol–gel route and characterised by SEM, TEM, EDX, PXRD, BET and FTIR. The porous nanocatalyst can be recycled five times without significant drop in product yield. Docking studies against enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase predicts that the compounds bind at the active site with high binding affinity values. The compound 4k (MIC, 15μg/mL) shows comparable activity in reference to Isoniazid at the same concentrations against MT H37 Rv

    Synthesis and characterization of nanobiochar from rice husk biochar for the removal of safranin and malachite green from water

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    Xenobiotic pollution in environment is a potential risk to marine life, and human health. Nanobiotechnology is an advanced and emerging solution for the removal of environmental pollutants. Adsorption-based technologies are being used to alleviate the global prevalence of xenobiotics like dyes, due to their high efficacy and cost effectiveness. Current study explored the potential of nanobiochar syntehsized via ultrasonication and centrifugation from rice husk for dye removal from water. It involves the synthesis of nanobiochar from rice husk biochar for removal of Safranin, Malachite green, and a mixture of both from aqueous water. Biochar was synthesized through pyrolysis at 600 ◦C for 2 h. To convert it into nanobiochar, sonication and centrifugation techniques were applied. The yield obtained was 27.5% for biochar and 0.9% for nanobiochar. Nanobiochar analysis through Fourier-Transform Spectrometer (FTIR), X-ray Power Diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) suggested its crystalline nature having minerals rich in silicon, with a cracked and disintegrated carbon structure due to high temperature and processing treatments. Removal of dyes by nanobiochar was evaluated by changing different physical parameters i.e., nanobiochar dose, pH, and temperature. Pseudo-first order model and pseudo-second order model were applied to studying the adsorption kinetics mechanism. Kinetics for adsorption of dyes followed the pseudo-second order model suggesting the removal of dyes by process of chemical sorption. High adsorption was found at a higher concentration of nanobiochar, high temperature, and neutral pH. Maximum elimination percentages of safranin, malachite green, and a mixture of dyes were obtained as 91.7%, 87.5%, and 85% respectively. We conclude that nanobiochar could be a solution for dye removal from aqueous media.Biotecnologí

    Recent Advances in Anticancer Activity of Novel Plant Extracts and Compounds from Curcuma longa in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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    PURPOSE: Among all forms of cancers, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. There are several treatment options for HCC ranging from loco-regional therapy to surgical treatment. Yet, there is high morbidity and mortality. Recent research focus has shifted towards more effective and less toxic cancer treatment options. Curcumin, the active ingredient in the Curcuma longa plant, has gained widespread attention in recent years because of its multifunctional properties as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer agent. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar was performed for studies reporting incidence of HCC, risk factors associated with cirrhosis and experimental use of curcumin as an anti-cancer agent. RESULTS: This review exclusively encompasses the anti-cancer properties of curcumin in HCC globally and it’s postulated molecular targets of curcumin when used against liver cancers. CONCLUSIONS: This review is concluded by presenting the current challenges and future perspectives of novel plant extracts derived from C. longa and the treatment options against cancers

    Nanomaterials and Their Impact on the Immune System.

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    Nanomaterials have been the focus of intensive development and research in the medical and industrial sectors over the past several decades. Some studies have found that these compounds can have a detrimental impact on living organisms, including their cellular components. Despite the obvious advantages of using nanomaterials in a wide range of applications, there is sometimes skepticism caused by the lack of substantial proof that evaluates potential toxicities. The interactions of nanoparticles (NPs) with cells of the immune system and their biomolecule pathways are an area of interest for researchers. It is possible to modify NPs so that they are not recognized by the immune system or so that they suppress or stimulate the immune system in a targeted manner. In this review, we look at the literature on nanomaterials for immunostimulation and immunosuppression and their impact on how changing the physicochemical features of the particles could alter their interactions with immune cells for the better or for the worse (immunotoxicity). We also look into whether the NPs have a unique or unexpected (but desired) effect on the immune system, and whether the surface grafting of polymers or surface coatings makes stealth nanomaterials that the immune system cannot find and get rid of

    Advances in nanomaterial-based immunosensors for prostate cancer screening

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    Prostate cancer is one of the most common health hazards for men worldwide, specifically in Western countries. Rapid prostate cancer screening by analyzing the prostate-specific antigen present in male serum has brought about a sharp decline in the mortality index of this disease. Immunoassay technology quantifies the target analyte in the sample using the antigen-antibody reaction. Immunoassays are now pivotal in disease diagnostics, drug monitoring, and pharmacokinetics. Recently, immunosensors have gained momentum in delivering better results with high specificity and lower limit of detection (LOD). Nanomaterials like gold, silver, and copper exhibit numerous exceptional features and their use in developing immunosensors have garnered excellent results in the diagnostic field. This review highlights the recent and different immunoassay techniques used to detect prostate-specific antigens and discusses the advances in nanomaterial-based immunosensors to detect prostate cancer efficiently. The review also explores the importance of specific biomarkers and nanomaterials-based biosensors with good selectivity and sensitivity to prostate cancer

    Fourth-generation glucose sensors composed of coppernanostructures for diabetes management: A critical review

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    More than five decades have been invested in understanding glucose biosensors. Yet, this immensely versatile field has continued to gain attention from the scientific world to better understand and diagnose diabetes. However, such extensive work done to improve glucose sensing devices has still not yielded desirable results. Drawbacks like the necessity of the invasive finger pricking step and the lack of optimization of diagnostic interventions still need to be considered to improve the testing process of diabetic patients. To upgrade the glucose-sensing devices and reduce the number of intermediary steps during glucose measurement, fourth-generation glucose sensors (FGGS) have been introduced. These sensors, made using robust electrocatalytic copper nanostructures, improve diagnostic efficiency and cost-effectiveness. This review aims to present the essential scientific progress in copper nanostructure-based FGGS in the past ten years (2010 – present). After a short introduction, we presented the working principles of these sensors. We then highlighted the importance of copper nanostructures as advanced electrode materials to develop reliable real-time FGGS. Finally, we cover the advantages, shortcomings, and prospects for developing highly sensitive, stable, and specific FGGS

    Porous CuO catalysed green synthesis of some novel 3-alkylated indoles as potent antitubercular agents

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    A green multicomponent one pot synthesis of novel 2-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-5,5-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1,3-diones (4a–l) in excellent yields was conveniently carried out in aqueous medium at room temperature over mpCuO as heterogeneous catalyst. The synthesised 3-alkylated indoles were characterised by FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRLCMS. The nanocatalyst was facially synthesised via a green sol–gel route and characterised by SEM, TEM, EDX, PXRD, BET and FTIR. The porous nanocatalyst can be recycled five times without significant drop in product yield. Docking studies against enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase predicts that the compounds bind at the active site with high binding affinity values. The compound 4k (MIC, 15 μg/mL) shows comparable activity in reference to Isoniazid at the same concentrations against MT H37 Rv

    Trimetallic CuO/Ag/NiO supported with silica nanoparticles based composite materials for green hydrogen production

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    Abstract Production and utilization of grey and blue hydrogen is responsible for emission of millions of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) across the globe. This increased emission of CO2 has severe repercussions on the planet earth and in particular on climate change. Here in, we explored advance bimetallic (BM) CuO/Ag and trimetallic (TM) CuO/Ag/NiO based nanoporous materials supported with silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) via sol–gel route. The explored nanocatalysts were characterized by Powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmittance electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Raman spectroscopic techniques. These advance nanocatalysts were evaluated for the green hydrogen production through electrocatalysis and photocatalysis. The catalysts exhibited an exceptional catalytic performance, the onset potential for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was determined to be − 0.9 V BMSiNPs-GCE and − 0.7 V (vs Ag/AgCl) for TMSiNPs-GCE, whereas η@10 for BMSiNPs-GCE and TMSiNPs-GCE is − 1.26 and − 1.00 V respectively. Significantly, the TMSiNPs composite and the BMSiNPs composite exhibited superior photochemical H2 evolution rates of 1970.72 mmol h−1 g−1 and 1513.97 mmol h−1 g−1, respectively. The TMSiNPs catalyst presents a highly promising material for HER. This study reveals a cost-effective approach to develop sustainable and resourceful electrocatalysts for HER

    Computational analysis for antimicrobial active pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives on the basis of theoretical and experimental ground

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    Annulated pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives were synthesized with methoxy, hydroxyl, nitrile and bromine substituents in its skeleton and correlated by electronic effect of substituents on the magnitude of antimicrobial activity. The different electron donating and electron withdrawing substituents of the pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives exerted positive influence on its antimicrobial activity against some Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria such as, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aureus and Escherichia coli, respectively. Antibacterial screening revealed that the presence of heteroaryl, cyano and amino groups on pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine skeleton increases its penetrating power on bacterial cell wall and becomes more biologically active. All the pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectra

    Proficient synthesis of bioactive annulated pyrimidine derivatives: A review

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    Syntheses of bioactive annulated pyrimidine derivatives are the most significant tasks in N-heterocyclic chemistry because these compounds have proved to be very attractive and useful for the design of new molecular frameworks of potential drugs with varying pharmacological activities. This review paper summarizes the one-pot multicomponent synthesis of annulated nitrogen- and oxygen-containing heterocycles, such as pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidines, pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines and pyrido[2,3-d;5-6-d]dipyrimidines. The synthetic procedure is based on the chemistry of the domino Knoevenagel-Michael addition mechanism. Keywords: Pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidines, Pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines, Pyrido[2,3-d;5-6-d]dipyrimidines, Barbituric acid/Thio-barbituric acid, Aromatic aldehydes, 6-aminouraci
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