2 research outputs found

    Dodecaborate-Functionalized Anchor Dyes for Cyclodextrin-Based Indicator Displacement Applications

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    A new type of water-soluble anchor dyes, that is, dyes which carry an auxiliary unit for strong binding to macrocyclic host molecules, has been synthesized. It consists of 7-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD) as a dye and the dodecaborate cluster (B<sub>12</sub>H<sub>11</sub>R) as a dianionic, globular, and purely inorganic anchoring group for cyclodextrins (<i>K</i><sub>a</sub> > 10<sup>5</sup> M<sup>–1</sup>). The synthesized dodecaborate-substituted dyes show marked changes in their photophysical properties (UV–vis and fluorescence) upon complexation with cyclodextrins (β-CD and γ-CD), such that the resulting host·dye complexes (1:1 stoichiometry) present sensitive reporter pairs for indicator displacement applications

    Coordinative Binding of Polymers to Metal–Organic Framework Nanoparticles for Control of Interactions at the Biointerface

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    Metal–organic framework nanoparticles (MOF NPs) are of growing interest in diagnostic and therapeutic applications, and due to their hybrid nature, they display enhanced properties compared to more established nanomaterials. The effective application of MOF NPs, however, is often hampered by limited control of their surface chemistry and understanding of their interactions at the biointerface. Using a surface coating approach, we found that coordinative polymer binding to Zr-fum NPs is a convenient way for peripheral surface functionalization. Different polymers with biomedical relevance were assessed for the ability to bind to the MOF surface. Carboxylic acid and amine containing polymers turned out to be potent surface coatings and a modulator replacement reaction was identified as the underlying mechanism. The strong binding of polycarboxylates was then used to shield the MOF surface with a double amphiphilic polyglutamate–polysarcosine block copolymer, which resulted in an exceptional high colloidal stability of the nanoparticles. The effect of polymer coating on interactions at the biointerface was tested with regard to cellular association and protein binding, which has, to the best of our knowledge, never been discussed in literature for functionalized MOF NPs. We conclude that the applied approach enables a high degree of chemical surface confinement, which could be used as a universal strategy for MOF NP functionalization. In this way, the physicochemical properties of MOF NPs could be tuned, which allows for control over their behavior in biological systems